A Processor Value Unit (PVU) is a unit of measure used to differentiate licensing of software on distributed processor technologies (defined by Processor Vendor, Brand, Type and Model Number). IBM continues to define a processor, for purposes of PVU-based licensing, to be each processor core on a chip (socket). Each software Program has a unique price per PVU. For a complete definition of PVU licensing, please see description of PVU full-capacity and sub-capacity licensing below. For more information about PVUs, see the links under 'Essentials' on the right hand navigation bar.
Table of Processor Value Units [PVUs] per core
The tables below list existing generally available processor technologies only, as of the published date. PVU requirements for future processor technologies may differ. For PVU requirements for any processor technologies not listed below, please consult the Processor Guide to Identifying Your Processor Technology. For help identifying your Processor Model Number, use the Processor Model Number Discovery Guide. If you still don't find what you are looking for, please contact IBM.
PVU Table per Core (section 1 of 2 - RISC and System z)
- Each Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) or Central Processor (CP) engine is equivalent to 1 core.
- Refers to System z9, eServer zSeries, or System/390 servers.
- Entitlements required for Power Processor Element (PPE) cores only.
- The PVU requirement for the POWER7/7+ processor technology is dependent on the maximum possible number of sockets on the server. NOTE: Power 7 Refers to Power 7/7+ 5
- z196 refers to IBM zEnterprise 196, zEC12 refers to IBM zEnterprise EC12.
- z114 refers to IBM zEnterprise 114.
PVU Table per Core (section 2 of 2 - x86)
- IBM offers Software for both Intel and AMD processors. Intel refers to its processors by "Processor Number" and AMD by "Model Number". The processor model can be preceded by a letter. For example, 'x5365 refers to '5365', which is included in the table within the '5000 to 5499' range. For additional help with identification, refer to the 'Processor Model Number Discovery Guide'.
- The PVU requirement for the Intel Nehalem EX and Sandy Bridge EP processor technology is dependent on the maximum number of sockets on the server. If sockets on two or more servers are connected to form a Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP) Server, the maximum number of sockets per server increases. See single server examples and two or more servers example below.
Single server examples:
Two or more servers with connected sockets example:
PVU full-capacity and sub-capacity licensing
Processor Value Unit (PVU) is a unit of measure by which the Program can be licensed. The number of PVU entitlements required is based on the processor technology (defined within the PVU Table above by Processor Vendor, Brand, Type and Model Number) and by the number of processors made available to the Program. IBM continues to define a processor, for the purpose of PVU-based licensing, to be each processor core on a chip (socket). A dual-core processor chip, for example, has two processor cores.
The Licensee can deploy the Program using either Full Capacity licensing or Virtualization Capacity (Sub-Capacity) licensing according to the Passport Advantage Sub-Capacity Licensing Terms. If using Full Capacity licensing, the Licensee must obtain PVU entitlements sufficient to cover all activated processor cores* in the physical hardware environment made available to or managed by the Program, except for those servers from which the Program has been permanently removed. If using Virtualization Capacity licensing, the Licensee must obtain entitlements sufficient to cover all activated processor cores made available to or managed by the Program, as defined according to the Virtualization Capacity License Counting Rules.
* An Activated processor core is a processor core that is available for use in a physical or virtual server, regardless of whether the capacity of the processor core can be or is limited through virtualization technologies, operating system commands, BIOS settings, or similar restrictions.
- Processor Value Unit (PVU) licensing FAQs
- Processor Value Unit calculator
- Passport Advantage Sub-capacity licensing
- Processor Guide to identifying your Processor Technology
- Processor Model Number Discovery Guide
- Processor Value Unit terminology
- Advantages of Processor Value Units
- Processor Value Unit resources
- PVU Requirement for new Intel Xeon (Sandy Bridge EP for 2 socket) 6 March 2012
- PVU requirement for SPARC T4 from Oracle (formerly Sun) 25 October 2011
- PVU requirement for SPARC T3 from Oracle (formerly Sun) 22 October 2010
- PVU requirement for new IBM zEnterprise™ 196 (z196) 22 July 2010
- PVU requirement for new Intel Xeon (Nehalem EX) multi-core processor technology 30 March 2010
- PVU requirement for IBM POWER7 multi-core processor technology 08 February 2010
- Software Subscription and Support
- Agreements and forms
- Brochures and FAQs
- How to enroll
- How to buy
- Passport Advantage Online - Reseller
- Passport Advantage Online - Customer
- Software Subscription and Support videos
- What you should know about Passport Advantage Agreements
- Newly enhanced IBM Software
- Upgrade today