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Security Bulletin: Vulnerabilities in OpenSSL affect Rational ClearQuest (CVE-2014-3570, CVE-2014-3572, CVE-2015-0204)

Security Bulletin


Summary

OpenSSL vulnerabilities were disclosed on January 8, 2015 by the OpenSSL Project. This includes “FREAK: Factoring Attack on RSA-EXPORT keys" TLS/SSL client and server vulnerability. OpenSSL is used by cqperl and ratlperl for SSL communications. Rational ClearQuest has addressed the applicable CVEs.

Vulnerability Details

CVEID: CVE-2014-3570
DESCRIPTION: An unspecified error in OpenSSL related to the production of incorrect results on some platforms by Bignum squaring (BN_sqr) has an unknown attack vector and impact.
CVSS Base Score: 2.6
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/#/vulnerabilities/99710 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

CVEID: CVE-2014-3572
DESCRIPTION: OpenSSL could provide weaker than expected security. The client accepts a handshake using an ephemeral ECDH ciphersuite with the server key exchange message omitted. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to launch further attacks on the system.
CVSS Base Score: 1.2
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/#/vulnerabilities/99705 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:L/AC:H/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

CVEID: CVE-2015-0204
DESCRIPTION: A vulnerability in the OpenSSL ssl3_get_key_exchange function could allow a remote attacker to downgrade the security of certain TLS connections. An OpenSSL client accepts the use of an RSA temporary key in a non-export RSA key exchange ciphersuite. This could allow a remote attacker using man-in-the-middle techniques to facilitate brute-force decryption of TLS/SSL traffic between vulnerable clients and servers.

This vulnerability is also known as the FREAK attack.

CVSS Base Score: 4.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/#/vulnerabilities/99707 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N)

Affected Products and Versions

IBM Rational ClearQuest versions:

Version
Status
8.0.1 through 8.0.1.7
Affected
8.0 through 8.0.0.14
Affected
7.1.2.x (all versions)
Affected

Not all deployments of Rational ClearQuest use OpenSSL in a way that is affected by these vulnerabilities.

You are vulnerable if your use of Rational ClearQuest includes any of these configurations:
  1. You use SSL connections in perl scripts run by ratlperl or cqperl, or by ClearQuest hooks. In this situation, you should review all the fixes provided by the OpenSSL project to see which ones apply to your use of OpenSSL. See the references link below.
  2. You integrate with ClearCase. See Security Bulletin: Vulnerabilities in OpenSSL affect Rational ClearCase (CVE-2014-3570, CVE-2014-3572, CVE-2015-0204)

Remediation/Fixes

The solution is to update to the latest fix pack.

Affected Versions
Applying the fix
8.0.1.x
8.0.0.x
7.1.2.x
Customers with extended support contracts should install Rational ClearQuest Fix Pack 18 (7.1.2.18)

You should verify applying this fix does not cause any compatibility issues.

Workarounds and Mitigations

Disable the any script that uses SSL and runs in ratlperl, cqperl or ClearQuest hooks until you apply the fixes listed above.

Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins

References

Related information

Change History

* 20 March 2015: Original copy published
* 24 June 2015: fix is now included in fix packs

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer

According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.

Document information

More support for: Rational ClearQuest

Software version: 7.1.2, 7.1.2.1, 7.1.2.2, 7.1.2.3, 7.1.2.4, 7.1.2.5, 7.1.2.6, 7.1.2.7, 7.1.2.8, 7.1.2.9, 7.1.2.10, 7.1.2.11, 7.1.2.12, 7.1.2.13, 7.1.2.14, 7.1.2.15, 7.1.2.16, 7.1.2.17, 8.0, 8.0.0.1, 8.0.0.2, 8.0.0.3, 8.0.0.4, 8.0.0.5, 8.0.0.6, 8.0.0.7, 8.0.0.8, 8.0.0.9, 8.0.0.10, 8.0.0.11, 8.0.0.12, 8.0.0.13, 8.0.0.14, 8.0.1, 8.0.1.1, 8.0.1.2, 8.0.1.3, 8.0.1.4, 8.0.1.5, 8.0.1.6, 8.0.1.7

Operating system(s): AIX, HP-UX, Linux, Solaris, Windows

Reference #: 1699040

Modified date: 24 June 2015