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Security Bulletin: IBM Maximo Asset Management installs with a default administrator account that a remote intruder could use to gain administrator access to the system. (CVE-2015-4966)

Security Bulletin


Summary

IBM Maximo Asset Management installs with a default administrator account that a remote intruder could use to gain administrator access to the system.

Vulnerability Details

CVEID: CVE-2015-4966
DESCRIPTION: IBM Maximo Asset Management installs with a default administrator account that a remote intruder could use to gain administrator access to the system.
CVSS Base Score: 8.8
CVSS Temporal Score: See https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/105642 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

Affected Products and Versions

This vulnerability affects the following versions of the IBM Maximo Asset Management core product, and all other IBM Maximo Industry Solution and IBM Control Desk products, regardless of their own version, if they are currently installed on top of an affected IBM Maximo Asset Management. *

Maximo Asset Management core product, affected versions:

Maximo Asset Management 7.6, 7.5, 7.1

Industry Solutions products, affected if using an affected core version:

Maximo Asset Management Essentials
Maximo for Aviation
Maximo for Energy Optimization
Maximo for Government
Maximo for Nuclear Power
Maximo for Transportation
Maximo for Life Sciences
Maximo for Oil and Gas
Maximo for Utilities

SmartCloud Control Desk products, affected if using an affected core version:

SmartCloud Control Desk
Tivoli Asset Management for IT
Tivoli Service Request Manager
Change and Configuration Management Database

* To determine the core product version, log in and view System Information. The core product version is the "Tivoli's process automation engine" version. Please consult the Product Coexistence Matrix for a list of supported product combinations.

Remediation/Fixes

The recommended solution is to download the appropriate Interim Fix or Fix Pack from Fix Central (What is Fix Central?) and apply for each affected product. See below for information on the fixes available for each product, version, and release. Follow the installation instructions in the ‘readme’ documentation provided with each fix pack or interim fix.

For new installations, application of the Interim Fix or Fix Pack is sufficient for full protection. However, for existing installations, additional manual configuration is required after application of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix. See instructions below.

For Maximo Asset Management, Maximo Asset Management Essentials and Maximo Industry Solutions 7.6, 7.5, 7.1:

VRM Fix Pack or Interim Fix Download
7.6.0 Maximo MIF 7.6.0.2 Interim Fix:
7.6.0.2-TIV-MIF-IFIX001 or latest Interim Fix available
FixCentral
7.5.0 Maximo 7.5.0.9 Fix Pack Release:
7.5.0.9-TIV-MAM-FP009
FixCentral
7.1.1 Maximo 7.1.1.13 Interim Fix:
Latest Interim Fix available
Contact IBM Support

For SmartCloud Control Desk 7.6, 7.5:

VRM Fix Pack or Interim Fix Download
7.6.0 Maximo MIF 7.6.0.2 Interim Fix:
7.6.0.2-TIV-MIF-IFIX001 or latest Interim Fix available
FixCentral
7.5.1 Maximo 7.5.0.9 Fix Pack Release:
7.5.0.9-TIV-MAM-FP009
FixCentral
7.5.0 Maximo 7.5.0.9 Fix Pack Release:
7.5.0.9-TIV-MAM-FP009
FixCentral

For Tivoli IT Asset Management for IT, Tivoli Service Request Manager, and Change and Configuration Management Database 7.2, 7.1:

VRM Fix Pack or Interim Fix Download
7.1 - 7.2 Maximo 7.1.1.13 Interim Fix:
Latest Interim Fix available
Contact IBM Support

If assistance is needed in determining the appropriate Fix Pack or Interim Fix level, contact IBM Technical Support. It is recommended that you always request the latest available Fix Pack or Interim Fix.


Additional Configuration for Existing Installations

Additional configuration is necessary for full protection on existing installations, even after application of Fix Pack or Interim Fix. Application of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix will allow simplified configuration of this security setting via a new property, mxe.int.allowdefaultlogin. On new installations, this property will already exist, and have the secure value of 0. However, administrators on existing installations must manually add the property and set the secure value after the application of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix. Manually adding the new property via these instructions without applying a Fix Pack or Interim Fix is also not sufficient for protection.

To manually add the mxe.int.allowdefaultlogin property to an existing installation after applying the appropriate Fix Pack or Interim Fix, please complete the following steps:

1. Log in as a user with access to the System Properties application.

2. From the System Properties application, click New Row to add a row to the Global Properties Table.

3. Use the following values to populate the new row. Leave other fields with their default values.

    Property Name: mxe.int.allowdefaultlogin
    Description: Allow default login for MIF
    Global Value: 0
    Maximo Default: 0

4. Click Save. Then, check the checkbox for the row in the table containing the new property, and click Live Refresh. Click OK on the Live Refresh dialog.

Workarounds and Mitigations

Installation of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix above is the recommended remediation for this vulnerability for both new and existing installations. Application of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix will allow simplified configuration of this security setting via a new property, mxe.int.allowdefaultlogin.

However, new and existing installations with version levels earlier than the Fix Pack and Interim Fix levels specified above may manually apply an alternative fix. This alternative fix provides the same protection as application of the Fix Pack or Interim Fix, but will not allow simplified configuration of the security setting via the new property. If the fix in the Remediation/Fixes section has been applied and the mxe.int.allowdefaultlogin property is in use, the following manual configuration will have no effect.

To apply protection for this vulnerability without applying a Fix Pack or Interim Fix, please complete the following steps:

1. Navigate to the following file location: <maximo_root>\applications\maximo\mboejb\ejbmodule\META-INF

2. Open the ejb-jar.xml file.

3. Find all four instances of the following text. (You may Ctrl+F find "<env-entry-name>ALLOWDFLTLOGIN</env-entry-name>".)

      <env-entry>
    <env-entry-name>ALLOWDFLTLOGIN</env-entry-name>
    <env-entry-type>java.lang.String</env-entry-type>
    <env-entry-value>1</env-entry-value>
      </env-entry>

4. In all four text blocks, change the <env-entry-value> from 1 to 0: <env-entry-value>0</env-entry-value>

5. Save the document. Delete the Maximo ear files, delete browser and app server caches, rebuild the maximo ear files, and redeploy.

Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins

References

Complete CVSS v3 Guide
On-line Calculator v3

Related information

IBM Secure Engineering Web Portal
IBM Product Security Incident Response Blog

Change History

30 October 2015: Original Version Published

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer

According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.

Cross reference information
Segment Product Component Platform Version Edition
Systems and Asset Management Control Desk 7.5, 7.5.1, 7.5.1.1, 7.5.1.2, 7.5.3, 7.6.0
Systems and Asset Management IBM TRIRIGA Energy Optimization Version Independent
Systems and Asset Management Maximo Asset Management Essentials 7.5, 7.1.1
Systems and Asset Management Maximo Asset Management for Energy Optimization 7.1, 7.1.1
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Government 7.1, 7.1.1, 7.5
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Life Sciences 7.1.2, 7.5, 7.1.0, 7.6
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Nuclear Power 7.1, 7.5, 7.5.1, 7.1.1
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Oil and Gas 7.1.2, 7.5, 7.5.1, 7.1.0
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Transportation 7.1.0, 7.1.1, 7.5, 7.5.1
Systems and Asset Management Maximo for Utilities 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.5, 7.1.0
Systems and Asset Management Tivoli Asset Management for IT 7.1, 7.1.1, 7.2, 7.2.1, 7.2.2
Systems and Asset Management Tivoli Change and Configuration Management Database 7.1, 7.1.1, 7.2, 7.2.1
Systems and Asset Management Tivoli Service Request Manager 7.1, 7.2, 7.2.1
Systems and Asset Management IBM Maximo for Aviation 7.6, 7.6.1, 7.6.2, 7.6.2.1, 7.6.3

Document information

More support for: Maximo Asset Management

Software version: 7.1, 7.1.1, 7.5, 7.6

Operating system(s): Platform Independent

Reference #: 1968191

Modified date: 30 October 2015