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Security Bulletin: Vulnerabilities in Bash affect QRadar SIEM, QRadar Vulnerability Manager, QRadar Risk Manager, and QRadar Incident Forensics (CVE-2014-6271, CVE-2014-7169, CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-7187, CVE-2014-6277, CVE-2014-6278)

Security Bulletin


Summary

Six Bash vulnerabilities were disclosed in September 2014. This bulletin addresses the vulnerabilities that have been referred to as “Bash Bug” or “Shellshock” and two memory corruption vulnerabilities. Bash is used by IBM QRadar SIEM, IBM QRadar Vulnerability Manager, IBM QRadar Risk Manager and IBM QRadar Incident Forensics.

Vulnerability Details


CVE-ID: CVE-2014-6271

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the system, caused by an error when evaluating specially-crafted environment variables passed to it by the bash functionality. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to write to files and execute arbitrary commands on the system.

CVSS Base Score: 10.0
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96153 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


CVE-ID: CVE-2014-7169

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the system, caused by an incomplete fix related to malformed function definitions in the values of environment variables. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability using attack vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server to write to files and execute arbitrary commands on the system.

CVSS Base Score: 10.0
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96209 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


CVE-ID: CVE-2014-7186

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by an out-of-bounds memory access while handling redir_stack. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system or cause a denial of service.

CVSS Base Score: 10
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96237 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


CVE-ID: CVE-2014-7187

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by an off-by-one-error when handling deeply nested flow control constructs. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system or cause a denial of service.

CVSS Base Score: 10
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96238 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


CVE-ID:CVE-2014-6277

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by an incomplete fix related to the failure to properly parse function definitions in the values of environment variables. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability using attack vectors involving the ForceCommand feature in OpenSSH sshd, the mod_cgi and mod_cgid modules in the Apache HTTP Server to execute arbitrary code on the system or cause a denial of service.

CVSS Base Score: 10.0
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96686 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)


CVE-ID:CVE-2014-6278

DESCRIPTION: GNU Bash could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by an incomplete fix related to the parsing of user scripts. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system or cause a denial of service.

CVSS Base Score: 10.0
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/96687 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

Affected Products and Versions

  • IBM QRadar SIEM 7.1.x
  • IBM QRadar QRadar Risk Manager 7.1.x
  • IBM QRadar SIEM 7.2.x
  • IBM QRadar Vulnerability Manager 7.2.x
  • IBM QRadar Forensics 7.2 MR2

Remediation/Fixes

The recommended solution is to apply the fix for each named product as soon as practical. Please see below for information about the fixes available. Download fixes from the following location and follow installation instructions provided in the Release Notes.
To resolve all applicable CVE’s contained within this bulletin apply the following update to all servers in your QRadar deployments as soon as practical.

http://www.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/swg/quickorder?parent=Security%2BSystems&product=ibm/Other+software/IBM+Security+QRadar+SIEM&release=All&platform=Linux&function=fixId&fixids=QRADAR-QRSIEM-CVE-2014-7169&includeRequisites=1&includeSupersedes=0&downloadMethod=http&source=fc

IBM recommends that you review your entire environment to identify vulnerable releases of Bash including your Operating Systems and take appropriate mitigation and remediation actions. Please contact your Operating System provider for more information.

Workarounds and Mitigations

No Workaround, Follow instruction in Fixes above.

Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins

References

Related information

Change History

30 September 2014 - added CVE-IDs CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-6277, CVE-2014-6278
26 September 2014 - published

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer

According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.

Document information

More support for: IBM Security QRadar SIEM
Installation

Software version: 7.0, 7.1, 7.2

Operating system(s): Linux

Reference #: 1685541

Modified date: 04 November 2014


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