Does TPM support SQL server patching?
Although you can see a list of MS SQL server patches in TPM UI, TPM does not support SQL server patching.
The patch definitions are currently in TPM because Microsoft includes them in the patch meta-data, however, TPM does not currently support it. In general TPM only supports OS patching but not Software patching.
An enhancement request MR0608103443 has been opened to support MS SQL server patching in TPM.