IBM Support

DB backups and / or snapshots are not expired

Technote (troubleshooting)


DB backups stay in Tivoli Storage Manager server although the backups have exceeded the defined DRMDBBACKUPEXPIREDAYS period.


DRMDBBACKUPEXPIREDAYS applies to both a snapshot and a full plus incremental database backup series. Any type of database backup series is eligible for expiration if all of the following are true:

  • The age of the last volume of the series has exceeded the expiration value set by this command.
  • For volumes that are not virtual volumes, all volumes in the series are in the VAULT state.
  • The volume is not part of the most recent database backup series.

In this case, the issue is the DB Backup volumes are not in VAULT state.


Tivoli Storage Manager Server Disaster Recovery Manager

Diagnosing the problem

  1. Run the following command to query the expiration days configured.
    For example :
    DB Backup Series Expiration Days: 5 Day(s)
  2. Run the following commands to verify the database backups and snapshots that have not yet expired.
    In this case, it showed many database backups and snapshots not expired.
  3. Run the following commands to verify the mountable state of the backups
    QUERY DRM Source=DBBackup
    QUERY DRM Source=DBsnapshot
    In this case, it showed all tapes were in MOUNTABLE state, instead of VAULT.

Resolving the problem

Use the below steps.

  1. Run the following command to set the mountable volumes to vault.
    MOVE DRM wherestate=mountable tostate=vault
  2. Verify step 1 is done successfully and run the following commands to verify the DB backups DRM status.
    QUERY DRM Source=DBB
    QUERY DRM Source=DBS
  3. Run the following command to expire DB backups:
    EXPIRE INV Type=Other

Document information

More support for: Tivoli Storage Manager

Software version: All Supported Versions

Operating system(s): Platform Independent

Reference #: 1584678

Modified date: 01 December 2016