This document applies only to the following language version(s):
You want to know what WebSphere MQ's support position is on Virtualization, low-level hardware, file systems on networks and high availability.
Defect support is available for Virtualization environments where they relate to releases of the operating system supported by WebSphere MQ. For WebSphere MQ for Linux on zSeries, this applies regardless of whether Linux is running natively in a LPAR or within a z/VM.
Unless stated otherwise, WebSphere MQ has not been specifically tested in Virtualization environments. WebSphere MQ Support is therefore unable to assist in issues related to configuration and setup, or issues that are directly related to the Virtualization environment itself.
If issues arise that are related to the Virtualization environment, the user may need to contact the Virtualization environment vendor for support, or the issue may need to be recreated outside of the Virtualization environment in order to receive WebSphere MQ support. This statement also applies to shared root configurations, such as AIX WPARs and Solaris Zones. WebSphere MQ has not been adapted to exploit shared root Virtualization, so some configurations may not be achievable.
Virtualization environments must also meet the disk requirements for WebSphere MQ's data integrity. See the Disk Virtualization section below.
Low-level hardware functionality that is intended to be transparent to applications, such as zSeries Integrated Facility for Linux (IFLs), POWER Simultaneous Multi-Threading (SMT), Micro-Partioning, or specific processor models, are typically not documented in the WebSphere MQ system requirements. As these features are intended to be transparent to applications including WebSphere MQ, then unless documented otherwise they have no impact on the WebSphere MQ support position. In the event that issues arise which are specific to those environments, the support organization for those environments may need to be involved in problem diagnosis, and may require the issue to be recreated outside of those environments in order to progress the investigation. This is a standard problem diagnosis technique for narrowing down the root cause, and applies to all environments.
File Systems on the Network and Disk Virtualization
WebSphere MQ has only been tested in an extremely limited set of NAS/SAN scenarios so it is not possible to confirm whether a specific NAS/SAN environment meets WebSphere MQ's requirements and WebSphere MQ Support is therefore unable to assist in issues related to configuration and setup.
For its data integrity MQ is critically dependent on the file system meeting certain requirements, so that the disk 'appears' local. The core requirements are:
- When MQ forces a disk write, the data must be committed to disk before the call returns.
- The file system must support file-locking.
- Two or more copies of the same queue manager must not be started using the same queue manager data at the same time, or irrecoverable corruption may result. WebSphere MQ does not protect against multiple instances of a queue manager being started on multiple operating system (OS) images. WebSphere MQ does protect against multiple instances of the queue manager being started on the same OS image.
Note: some Virtualization environments also virtualize the disk I/O, which may have the effect of caching file writes despite WebSphere MQ issuing forced disk write calls. Any such environment would not meet the criteria stated above and is therefore explicitly not supported. It is recommended that users check with their Virtualization vendors to understand whether their Virtualization environments will meet WebSphere MQ's disk requirements.
It is sometimes possible for MQ to detect that an environment will not meet its requirements and in such cases MQ will not run and message AMQ7001 will be issued. However, this should not be relied upon for all environments. Testing of WebSphere MQ with IBM's General Parallel File System (GPFS) has been more extensive and no problems have been reported to date.
If issues arise that are not related to the file system, then WebSphere MQ defect support will be offered, as per the standard support guidelines. If issues arise that are related to the file system, then potentially the vendor may need to be contacted for support or the issue may need to be recreated outside of that file system environment in order to receive WebSphere MQ defect support.
High Availability (HA)
There are situations where products such as HACMP, Veritas and ServiceGuard are used to control "failover". HA configurations have not been tested by IBM, so code that is needed for configuring, monitoring and starting/stopping queue managers in HA clusters is not supported. Scripts that assist with this capability are available as unsupported Category 2 SupportPacs (MC63, MC69, MC6A, MC69 and MC91).
Support is offered for:
1. Queue managers that run in an HA cluster, provided that the queue managers operate in a way similar to a standard one-machine usage. WebSphere MQ queue managers, channels and application processes must not be able to access WebSphere MQ data on the shared disk simultaneously from more than one machine at a time. In other words, the shared disk must only be accessed by a single HA node at any one time. The same support position applies, regardless whether failovers are automatically or manually driven, provided that the WebSphere MQ code experiences an environment that mimics the one-machine environment.
Support requests will not be rejected simply because HA is mentioned, whether or not the customer is using one of the SupportPacs. Standard problem determination procedures will be followed to determine where the problem lies. If the problem is found to be with WebSphere MQ itself and it is not specific to the HA environment then defect support will be offered, as per the standard support guidelines. If the problem is found to be specific to the HA configuration or an HA product, then this is beyond the scope of WebSphere MQ defect support and the HA vendor may need to be contacted by the user.
2. Queue managers running under Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) in a Windows environment. This has been supported since WebSphere MQ 5.3.
3. Support is offered for WebSphere MQ issues in an UNIX, Windows and Linux environment where Symantec Veritas Cluster Server (VCS) is running alongside IBM WebSphere MQ, if the problem is repeatable without VCS running in the operating system. The component causing the issue can be determined simply by shutting down VCS. If the problem can be repeated with VCS shut down, WebSphere MQ Support will investigate the problem.
Keywords: support position virtualization virtualisation virtualize virtualise file systems high availability failoved fail over backup back-up