Application receives message
javax.jms.IllegalStateException: Method setMessageListener not permitted when running inside IBM® WebSphere® Application Server EJB or Web container.
While it was permitted in a Java Standard Edition (Java SE) application and WebSphere Application Server V4.0 to use the method setMessageListener for asynchronous messaging, it is forbidden to use this method in a WebSphere Application Server EJB or Web container application that supports J2EE 1.3 or later versions due a restriction by the following J2EE™ specification. The J2EE specification lists a number of interfaces that may not be used by "portable J2EE applications". It also lists a number of methods that may be used in "the application client container" but not in the EJB or Web container. This is listed in the section 6.6 "Java™ Message Service (JMS) 1.1 Requirements" of the J2EE 1.4 specification:http://java.sun.com/j2ee/j2ee-1_4-fr-spec.pdf
One of the methods listed in the list of methods forbidden from the EJB and Web containers is the method
- javax.jms.Session method setMessageListener
For the complete list of methods, see the J2EE specification.
Resolving the problem
Refer to the WebSphere Application Server Information Center article "Programming to use asynchronous messaging", which includes the J2EE based programming models, such as Message Driven Beans and also includes links for developing JMS Client applications which can call setMessageListener since they run outside of a WebSphere EJB or Web container.
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