Configuring NTP on AIX 5L

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Question

Configuring NTP on AIX 5L

Answer

The following information outlines the steps necessary to configure a basic NTP setup between an NTP client and server on AIX 5L.

On server

  1. Verify that you have a suitable NTP server. Enter:
    # lssrc -ls xntpd
    

    NOTE: Sys peer should show a valid server or 127.127.1.0.

    If the server is "insane", you will need to correct it by adding a server line to /etc/ntp.conf and restarting xntpd. This can be done by following these steps:

    # vi /etc/ntp.conf
    

    Add:
    server 127.127.1.0
    Double check that "broadcast client" is commented out.

    # stopsrc -s xntpd
    # startsrc -s xntpd
    
    NOTE: If the server runs databases, use the -x flag to prevent the clock from changing in a negative direction. Enter the following:
    # startsrc -s xntpd -a "-x"
    
  2. Repeat Step 1 to verify that the server is synched. This process can take up to 12 minutes.

On client

  1. Verify that you have a server suitable for synchronization. Enter:
    # ntpdate -d ip.address.of.server
    

    The offset must be less than 1000 seconds for xntpd to synch. If the offset is greater than 1000 seconds, change the time manually on the client and run the ntpdate -d again.

    If you get the message, "no server suitable for synchronization found", verify xntpd is running on the server (see above) and that no firewalls are blocking port 123.

  2. Specify your xntp server in /etc/ntp.conf, enter:
    # vi /etc/ntp.conf
    
    (Comment out the "broadcastclient" line and add server ip.address.of.server prefer.)

    Leave the driftfile and tracefile at their defaults.

  3. Start the xntpd daemon:
    # startsrc -s xntpd
    
    (Use the -x flag if it is appropriate for your environment.)

  4. Uncomment xntpd from /etc/rc.tcpip so it will start on a reboot.
    # vi /etc/rc.tcpip
    

    Uncomment the following line:

    start /usr/sbin/xntpd "$src_running"
    

    If using the -x flag, add "-x" to the end of the line. You must include the quotes around the -x.

  5. Verify that the client is synched.
    # lssrc -ls xntpd
    
    NOTE: Sys peer should display the IP address or name of your xntp server. This process may take up to 12 minutes.

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Document information


More support for:

AIX family

Software version:

5.1, 5.2, 5.3

Operating system(s):

AIX

Reference #:

T1000653

Modified date:

2008-11-26

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