The Arabic script is used by speakers of the Arabic languages in countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Iraq, and by speakers of Urdu (spoken mainly in Pakistan), and Farsi or Persian (spoken mainly in Iran). Arabic script is cursive in nature, that is, when presented the characters appear as if hand written. Every character is interconnected with each other in most of the situations and may assume different shapes depending on their position in the word and on the connectivity properties that they and adjacent characters have. This is the only way in which Arabic script is presented, whether in printed form or on screen displays. Cursiveness implies that every Arabic character can assume up to four different shapes depending on its location.
The four possible shapes are:
Example of the four possible shapes of the Arabic character Ghain (U+063A (PDF, 107KB)):
Some Arabic characters never connect to their following (left) characters. Not all Arabic characters have all four shapes. Arabic characters may be stored in unshaped form, but they must be shaped prior to any presentation.
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- Guidelines quick reference
- A: User interface
- B: Writing for an international audience
- C: Respect for culture and conventions
- D: Product structure in a globalized environment
- E: Input and output interfaces
- F: Coded character sets
- G: Introducing Asian ideographic scripts
- H: Languages with a bidirectional script
- I: The cursive Arabic script