IBM COBOL for AIX , V3.1 delivers 64-bit exploitation, new function, performance improvements, and usability enhancementsIBM United States Software Announcement 209-021
January 6, 2009
|At a glance|
COBOL for AIX®, V3.1 provides:
- 32-bit and 64-bit application development
- Support for files larger than 2 GB
- New runtime option, FILEMODE, to specify a small format for STL and VSAM files for compatibility with COBOL for AIX V2
- Enhancements to XML Generate statement that give you more flexibility and control over the form of the XML document that is generated
- Enhancements to the XML PARSE statement with support for parsing of XML documents encoded in UTF-8 Unicode
- Additional national (UTF-16 Unicode) data types
- Additional Unicode features
- An enhanced level of the IBM® distributed debugger for AIX
- Other usability enhancements
For ordering, contact your IBM representative, an IBM Business Partner, or IBM Americas Call Centers at 800-IBM-CALL (Reference: YE001).
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COBOL for AIX, V3.1 is a productive and powerful development environment for building COBOL applications. It includes a COBOL compiler, a COBOL library, and a debugger for the AIX operating system. The debugger shipped with the product allows you to visually debug programs running locally, remotely, or in a client-server environment.
COBOL for AIX allows you to use your existing COBOL code to upgrade your applications with the newest technologies. The goal of COBOL for AIX is to enable developers to leverage over three decades' worth of applications in new endeavors. It delivers needed COBOL function to continue integration of COBOL and Web-oriented business processes.
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- IBM Power Systems servers supported by AIX 6.1 and AIX 5.3
- 500 MB of disk space
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|Planned availability date|
- January 6, 2009: Electronic software delivery
- January 16, 2009: Physical software delivery
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New features that support 64-bit application development
- A new compiler option, ADDR, lets you indicate whether the compiler generates 32-bit or 64-bit object programs.
- Several limits on COBOL data-item size have been significantly raised.
For example, the maximum size of the LOCAL-STORAGE,WORKING-STORAGE,
and LINKAGE sections is essentially unlimited (up to the addressing
capacity of the machine) if ADDR(64) is in effect.
This support facilitates programming with large amounts of data, for example:
- DB2/COBOL applications that use DB2® BLOB and CLOB data types
- COBOL XML applications that parse or generate large XML documents
Support for files larger than 2 GB
STL and VSAM files created by COBOL for AIX V3 programs are no longer limited to a maximum size of 2 GB. These files can also be processed by V2 programs that are run with the V3 runtime library.
New FILEMODE runtime option
FILEMODE lets you specify whether newly created STL and VSAM files will have the new large format that supports files larger than 2 GB, or the small format and the 2 GB maximum size that is compatible with STL and VSAM files created by V2 programs.
Additional Unicode features
Support for national (Unicode UTF-16) data has been enhanced. Several additional kinds of data items can now be described implicitly or explicitly as USAGE NATIONAL, as follows:
- External decimal (national decimal)
- External floating-point (national floating-point)
- Numeric-edited items
- National-edited items
- Group (national group) items, supported by the GROUP-USAGE NATIONAL clause
Many COBOL language elements in support of new national UTF-16 data
- Numeric data with USAGE NATIONAL (national decimal and national floating point) can be used in arithmetic operations and in any language constructs that support numeric operands.
- Edited data with USAGE NATIONAL is supported in the same language constructs as any existing edited type, including editing and de-editing operations associated with the MOVE statements.
- Group items that contain all national data can be defined with the GROUP-USAGE NATIONAL clause, which results in the group behaving as an elementary item in most language constructs. This support facilitates use of national groups in statements such as STRING, UNSTRING, and INSPECT.
- The NUMVAL and NUMVAL-C intrinsic functions can take a national literal or national data item as an argument.
Using these new national data capabilities, it is now practical to develop COBOL programs that exclusively use Unicode for all application data.
XML GENERATE statement enhancements
The XML GENERATE statement is extended with new syntax that gives you more flexibility and control over the form of the XML document that is generated:
- The WITH ATTRIBUTES phrase allows the user to specify that eligible items in the XML document be generated as XML attributes instead of as elements.
- The WITH ENCODING phrase allows the user to specify the encoding of the generated document.
- The NAMESPACE and NAMESPACE-PREFIX phrases allow generation of XML documents that use XML namespaces.
- The WITH XML-DECLARATION phrase includes the version and the encoding information in the document.
- The XML-GENERATE statement now supports generation of XML documents encoded in UTF-8 Unicode.
XML PARSE statement enhancements
Direct support is provided for parsing XML documents that are encoded in UTF-8 Unicode.
- Compiler listings now cross-reference copybooks to the library names and file names from which the copybooks are obtained.
- Support for new features of DB2 V9 is enabled when you use the integrated DB2 coprocessor (SQL compiler option).
- Usability enhancements to COBOL-DB2 applications are available when you use the integrated DB2 coprocessor, for example, an explicitly coded LOCAL-STORAGE SECTION or WORKING-STORAGE SECTION is no longer required.
- A new callable service, iwzGetSortErrno, makes it possible to obtain the sort or merge error number after each sort or merge operation.
- The REDEFINES clause has been enhanced such that for data that are not level 01, the subject of the entry can be larger than the data item being redefined.
- A new compiler option, MDECK, causes the output from library-processing statements to be written to a file.
- The literal in a VALUE clause for a data item of class national can be alphanumeric.
New and improved distributed debugger
The IBM Debugger for AIX is an interactive source-level debugger. It works on an AIX-based client that is connected locally or remotely through a network connection to a debugger engine running on AIX or on a Windows-based client that is connected remotely to a debugger engine running on AIX. The Debugger for AIX enables you to debug programs that are written in C, C++, and COBOL in 32-bit or 64-bit mode from the convenience of your workstation.
The debugger displays application source files and the elements in those source files. You can single-step, step through, step over, or stop execution at a specified line or condition. While controlling execution, you can monitor variables, registers, memory, call stacks, and other elements.
Accessibility by people with disabilities
A U.S. Section 508 Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) containing details on accessibility compliance can be requested at
Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act
COBOL for AIX, V3.1 is capable as of January 6, 2009, when used in accordance with associated IBM documentation, of satisfying the applicable requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, provided that any assistive technology used with the product properly interoperates with it. A U.S. Section 508 Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) can be requested on the following Web site
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IBM COBOL Family
COBOL for AIX, V3.1 is part of the family of IBM COBOL compilers that support a number of platforms. The IBM COBOL family consists of COBOL for AIX, Enterprise COBOL for z/OS®, ILE COBOL for System i®, and COBOL for Windows® (packaged as part of IBM Rational® Developer for System z®).
Redistribution of COBOL library components at no extra charge
You can redistribute COBOL for AIX library components with a COBOL application that you develop without needing any additional licenses. The library components that are redistributed with your COBOL application can be installed on any number of AIX systems that are used for production deployment of your COBOL application. For additional information on redistribution and for a list of library components that you may redistribute refer to the License Information document within the program.
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Program Program number VRM name 5724-V62 3.1 IBM COBOL for AIX
Product identification number
Program Program name number COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5724-V62 COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5648-F78 SW S&S 1 Year After License - per Authorized User 0001 - per Floating User 0002 COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5648-F81 SW S&S No Charge Registration/ 1 Year Renewal - per Authorized No Charge Reg 0001 - per Authorized 1 Year Renewal 0002 - per Floating No Charge Reg 0003 - per Floating 1 Year Renewal 0004 COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5648-F80 SW S&S 3 Year Registration - per Authorized User 0001 - per Floating User 0002 COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5648-F79 SW S&S 3 Year Renewal - per Authorized User 0001 - per Floating User 0002 COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5648-F77 SW S&S 3 Year After Licence - per Authorized User 0001 - per Floating User 0002
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Product information is available via the Offering Information Web site
Also, visit the Passport Advantage® Web site
Business Partner information
If you are a Direct Reseller - System Reseller acquiring products from IBM, you may link directly to Business Partner information for this announcement. A PartnerWorld® ID and password are required (use IBM ID).
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The following publication is shipped with this program:
Order Title Number COBOL for AIX Installation Guide GC23-8569
The following publications can be ordered from the Publications Center:
Order Title Number COBOL for AIX Installation Guide GC23-8569 COBOL for AIX Language Reference SC23-8567 COBOL for AIX Programming Guide SC23-8566 COBOL for AIX VSAM File System Reply Messages SC23-8568
The IBM Publications Center
The Publications Center is a worldwide central repository for IBM product publications and marketing material with a catalog of 70,000 items. Extensive search facilities are provided. Payment options for orders are via credit card (in the U.S.) or customer number for 20 countries. A large number of publications are available online in various file formats, and they can all be downloaded by all countries, free of charge.
Displayable softcopy publications:
Selected publications for COBOL for AIX, V3.1 are offered in displayable softcopy form and are shipped on the program CD-ROM.
All unlicensed manuals are also available from the COBOL for AIX library site at
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Specified operating environment
- For COBOL for AIX, V3.1
- System: IBM Power Systems servers supported by AIX V5.3 or AIX 6.1
- Disk space: 500 MB
- For COBOL for AIX, V3.1
- AIX V5.3 TL 5300-06 (or higher) or AIX 6.1
- Viewers to access and display the documentation such as:
- Frames-capable browser to access HTML documentation
- Portable Document Format (PDF) viewer to view PDF files
To use COBOL for AIX with optional programs, additional products are required:
- Applications using embedded EXEC SQL statements
- For 32-bit applications - DB2 UDB for Linux®, UNIX® and Windows V8.2 or DB2 UDB for Linux, UNIX and Windows V9.1, or DB2 UDB for Linux, UNIX and Windows V9.5 with fixpack 3
- For 64-bit applications - DB2 UDB for Linux, UNIX and Windows V9.1 or DB2 UDB for Linux, UNIX and Windows V9.5 with fixpack 3
- Applications using embedded EXEC CICS® statements
- When using the integrated translator - TXSeries® for Multiplatforms, V6.2 with PTF 1
- When using the precompiler - TXSeries for Multiplatforms, V6
- When using object-oriented COBOL syntax for Java interoperability
- IBM Java SDK 1.4.2, Java 5 or Java 6.
- 64-bit applications require the 64-bit version of the Java SDK, 32-bit applications require the 32-bit version of the Java SDK.
The program's specifications and specified operating environment information may be found in documentation accompanying the program, if available, such as a README file, or other information published by IBM, such as an announcement letter. Documentation and other program content may be supplied only in the English language.
For information regarding IBM COBOL for AIX, visit
For information regarding IBM application development, visit
The IBM COBOL for AIX, V3.1 package contains:
- One CD-ROM containing the COBOL for AIX, V3.1 product
- Quick Start Guide
- Passport Advantage customer letter
- Passport Advantage media pack pointer sheet
This program, when downloaded from a Web site, contains the applicable IBM license agreement and License Information, if appropriate, and will be presented for acceptance at the time of installation of the program. For future reference, the license and License Information will be stored in a directory such as LICENSE.TXT.
Security, auditability, and control
COBOL for AIX, V3.1 uses the security and auditability features of the host hardware or software. The customer is responsible for evaluation, selection, and implementation of security features, administrative procedures, and appropriate controls in application systems and communication facilities.
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IBM Software Services has the breadth, depth, and reach to manage your services needs. You can leverage the deep technical skills of our lab-based, software services team and the business consulting, project management, and infrastructure expertise of our IBM Global Services team. Also, we extend our IBM Software Services reach through IBM Business Partners to provide an extensive portfolio of capabilities. Together, we provide the global reach, intellectual capital, industry insight, and technology leadership to support a wide range of critical business needs.
To learn more about IBM Software Services or to contact a Software Services sales specialist, visit
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Product Group: IBM COBOL
Product Identifier Description:
IBM COBOL for AIX
Product Category: COBOL
Part number or Program name PID number Charge metric COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5724-V62 Authorized User Floating User COBOL for AIX, V3.1 BA0V3ML Authorized User Floating User
This program is licensed and charged based upon either the Authorized User or Floating User charge metric.
The term, "Authorized User" is the unit of measure by which this program is licensed. An Authorized User is an individual within or outside of your enterprise. The program may be installed on one or more computers or servers and accessed by the number of users authorized by the Proof of Entitlement (PoE). You must have an entitlement for each Authorized User accessing the program or any program component in any manner directly or indirectly (for example: via a multiplexing program, device, or application server) through any means.
The term, "Floating User" is the unit of measure by which this program is licensed. A Floating User is a shared user access to the program within or outside of your enterprise. The program may be installed on one or more computer or servers. The total number of Floating Users simultaneously accessing the program at any moment in time may not exceed the highest number of Floating Users authorized by the Proof of Entitlement (PoE). You must have an entitlement for each Floating User simultaneously accessing the program or any program component in any manner directly or indirectly (for example: via a multiplexing program, device, or application server) through any means.
Part Program Name/Description Number COBOL for AIX, V3.1 Media Package Multilingual BA0V3ML COBOL for AIX, V3.1 Authorized User Lic + SW S&S 12 Mo D5A1VLL COBOL for AIX Authorized User Annual SW S&S Rnwl E1A1XLL COBOL for AIX Authorized User SW S&S Reinstate 12 Mo D5A1YLL COBOL for AIX Floating User Lic + SW S&S 12 Mo D06Q7LL COBOL for AIX Floating User Annual SW S&S Rnwl E05Y6LL COBOL for AIX Floating User SW S&S Reinstate 12 Mo D06Q8LL
Passport Advantage customer: Media Pack entitlement details
Customers with active Maintenance or Subscription for the products listed below are entitled to receive the corresponding media pack.
Entitled Maintenance Offerings Description COBOL for AIX Media Pack Description Part Number COBOL for AIX, V3.1 Media Pk Multilingual BA0V3ML
Basic License: To order the programs described in this announcement for 5724-V62, specify the type-model number and the applicable features from the tables below. The medium feature (CD-ROM) need only be specified as required. To request the media package (CD-ROM), specify media supply feature 6040 and 3410.
When placing an ESD order in econfig, specify a billing feature, the media feature 6040 and 3410, and the following ESD only features: 3450, 3470, 3471.
One- Time Charge Medium Program Feature Feature Description Number Number Medium Number COBOL for AIX, V3.1 5724-V62 OTC with 1 Year SW S&S - per Authorized User 0216 - per Floating User 0217 Media Package CD-ROM 6040 CD-ROM 3410 Expedite Fee charge to Branch 3445 Customization features: ESD for upgrades only 3450 Do not ship pubs 3470 Do not ship media 3471
Maintenance Offering customer: Media supply entitlement details
Customers with active Software Maintenance are entitled to receive the media supply corresponding to COBOL for AIX, V3.1.
Eligible customers should add the applicable CD-ROM media supply feature number from the following table to their existing maintenance record. To request the media package (CD-ROM), specify the media supply features 6040 and 3410.
When placing an ESD order in econfig, specify a billing feature, the media features 6040 and 3410, and the following ESD only features: 3450, 3470, 3471.
Entitled maintenance offerings description COBOL for AIX Medium Feature Description Number COBOL for AIX, V3.1 CD-ROM Media Supply 6040 (5724-V62) CD-ROM Media Supply 3410 Expedite fee charge to Branch 3445 Customization features: ESD for upgrades only 3450 Do not ship pubs 3470 Do not ship media 3471
This software license includes Software Maintenance, previously referred to as Software Subscription and Technical Support.
Extending coverage for a total of three years from the date of acquisition may be elected. Order the program number, feature number, and quantity to extend coverage for your software licenses. If maintenance has expired, specify the after license feature number.
SW license incl. 1 year SW S&S Feature Feature description number 5724-V62 - COBOL for AIX, V3.1 Per Authorized User with 1 Year SW S&S 0216 Per Floating User with 1 Year SW S&S 0217 5724-V62 - COBOL for AIX, V3.1 6040 Multilingual, CD ROM 3410 5648-F81 - IBM COBOL for AIX Per Authorized User SW S&S NoCharge Registration 0001 Per Authorized User SW S&S 1 Year Renewal 0002 Per Floating User SW S&S NoCharge Registration 0003 Per Floating User SW S&S 1 Year Renewal 0004 5648-F78 - IBM COBOL for AIX Per Authorized User SW S&S 1 Year After License 0001 Per Floating User SW S&S 1 Year After License 0002 5648-F80 - IBM COBOL for AIX Per Authorized User SW S&S 3 Year Registration 0001 Per Floating User SW S&S 3 Year Registration 0002 5648-F79 - IBM COBOL for AIX Per Authorized User SW S&S 3 Year Renewal 0001 Per Floating User SW S&S 3 Year Renewal 0002 5648-F77 - IBM COBOL for AIX Per Authorized User SW S&S 3 Year After License 0001 Per Floating User SW S&S 3 Year After License 0002
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|Terms and conditions|
The information provided in this announcement letter is for reference and convenience purposes only. The terms and conditions that govern any transaction with IBM are contained in the applicable contract documents such as the IBM International Program License Agreement, IBM International Passport Advantage Agreement, and the IBM Agreement for Acquisition of Software Maintenance.
This product is only available via Passport Advantage. It is not available as shrinkwrap.
IBM International Program License Agreement including the License Information document and Proof of Entitlement (PoE) govern your use of the program. PoEs are required for all authorized use. Part number products only, offered outside of Passport Advantage, where applicable, are license only and do not include Software Maintenance.
This software license includes Software Subscription and Support (also referred to as Software Maintenance).
Agreement for Acquisition of Software Maintenance
The IBM Agreement for Acquisition of Software Maintenance (Z125-6011) agreement applies for subscription and support (also referred to as Software Maintenance) and does not require customer signatures.
These programs are licensed under the IBM Program License Agreement (IPLA) and the associated Agreement for Acquisition of Software Maintenance, which provide for support with ongoing access to releases and versions of the program. IBM includes one year of Software Subscription and Support (also referred to as Software Maintenance) with the initial license acquisition of each program acquired. The initial period of Software Subscription and Support (also referred to as Software Maintenance) can be extended by the purchase of a renewal option, if available. These programs have a one-time license charge for use of the program and an annual renewable charge for the enhanced support that includes telephone assistance (voice support for defects during normal business hours), as well as access to updates, releases, and versions of the program as long as support is in effect.
License Information form number
The program's License Information will be available for review on the IBM Software License Agreement Web site
Limited warranty applies
IBM warrants that when the program is used in the specified operating environment, it will conform to its specifications. The warranty applies only to the unmodified portion of the program. IBM does not warrant uninterrupted or error-free operation of the program or that IBM will correct all program defects. You are responsible for the results obtained from the use of the program.
IBM provides you with access to IBM databases containing information on known program defects, defect corrections, restrictions, and bypasses at no additional charge. For further information, consult the IBM Software Support Handbook found at
IBM will maintain this information for at least one year after the original licensee acquires the program (warranty period).
Program technical support
Technical support of a program product will be available for a minimum of five years from the general availability date, as long as your Software Subscription and Support (also referred to as Software Maintenance) is in effect. This technical support allows you to obtain assistance (via telephone or electronic means) from IBM for product-specific, task-oriented questions regarding the installation and operation of the program product. Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) also provides you with access to updates, releases, and versions of the program. You will be notified, via announcement letter, of discontinuance of support with 12 months' notice. If you require additional technical support from IBM, including an extension of support beyond the discontinuance date, contact your IBM representative or IBM Business Partner. This extension may be available for a fee.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the program and you are the original licensee, you may obtain a refund of the amount you paid for it, if within 30 days of your invoice date you return the program and its PoE to the party from whom you obtained it. If you downloaded the program, you may contact the party from whom you acquired it for instructions on how to obtain the refund.
For clarification, note that (1) for programs acquired under the IBM International Passport Advantage offering, this term applies only to your first acquisition of the program and (2) for programs acquired under any of IBM's On/Off Capacity on Demand (On/Off CoD) software offerings, this term does not apply since these offerings apply to programs already acquired and in use by you.
Authorization for use on home/portable computer
The program may be stored on the primary machine and another machine, provided that the program is not in active use on both machines at the same time.
Volume orders (IVO)
Yes. Contact your IBM representative.
IBM International Passport Advantage Agreement
Passport Advantage applies
Yes, and through the Passport Advantage Web site at
For additional information, refer to the License Information document that is available on the IBM Software License Agreement Web site
Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) applies
Yes. Software Subscription and Support (also referred to as Software Maintenance), is now included in the Passport Advantage Agreement. Installation and technical support for the products announced in this announcement is provided by the Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) offering of the IBM International Passport Advantage Agreement. This fee service enhances customer productivity by providing voice or electronic access into the IBM support organizations.
IBM includes one year of Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) with the initial license acquisition of each program acquired. The initial period of Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) can be extended by the purchase of a renewal option.
While your Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) is in effect, IBM provides you assistance for your routine, short duration installation and usage (how-to) questions, and code-related questions. IBM provides assistance via telephone and, if available, electronic access, only to your information systems (IS) technical support personnel during the normal business hours (published prime shift hours) of your IBM support center. (This assistance is not available to your end users.) IBM provides Severity 1 assistance 24 hours a day, every day of the year. For additional details, consult your IBM Software Support Handbook at
Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) does not include assistance for the design and development of applications, your use of programs in other than their specified operating environment, or failures caused by products for which IBM is not responsible under this agreement.
For additional information about the Passport Advantage Agreement, visit the Passport Advantage Web site at
All distributed software licenses include Software Subscription and Support (Software Maintenance) for a period of 12 months from the date of acquisition, providing a streamlined way to acquire IBM software and assure technical support coverage for all licenses. Extending coverage, for a total of three years from date of acquisition, may be elected. For additional information, refer to Software Announcement 201-201, dated July 10, 2001, Changes to Distributed Software Products Model for Products Outside Passport Advantage.
Variable charges apply
Educational allowance available
Yes. A 15% education allowance applies to qualified education institution customers.
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For Passport Advantage information and charges, contact your IBM representative or authorized IBM Business Partner. Additional information is also available on the following Passport Advantage Web site
Business Partner information
If you are an IBM Business Partner -- Distributor for Workstation Software acquiring products from IBM, you may link to Passport Advantage Online for resellers where you can obtain Business Partner pricing information. An IBM ID and password are required.
Information on charges is available at
Select "United States" and then click on "IBMLink 2000."
One- time charge Program feature Description number number IBM COBOL for AIX, V3.1 with 1 Year SW S&S - per Authorized User 5724-V62 0216 - per Floating User 5724-V62 0217 IBM COBOL for AIX SW S&S 1 Year NoCharge Registration - per Authorized User 5648-F81 0001 - per Floating User 5648-F81 0003 SW S&S 1 Year Renewal - per Authorized User 5648-F81 0002 - per Floating User 5648-F81 0004 IBM COBOL for AIX SW S&S 1 Year After License - per Authorized User 5648-F78 0001 - per Floating User 5648-F78 0002 IBM COBOL for AIX SW S&S 3 Year Registration - per Authorized User 5648-F80 0001 - per Floating User 5648-F80 0002 IBM COBOL for AIX SW S&S 3 Year Renewal - per Authorized User 5648-F79 0001 - per Floating User 5648-F79 0002 IBM COBOL for AIX SW S&S 3 Year After License - per Authorized User 5648-F77 0001 - per Floating User 5648-F77 0002
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To order, contact the Americas Call Centers, your local IBM representative, or your IBM Business Partner.
Identify your local IBM representative or IBM Business Partner, call 800-IBM-4YOU (426-4968).
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Note: Shipments will begin after the planned availability date.
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