IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler V3.4 delivers improved job scheduling and job launch performance

IBM United States Software Announcement 206-263
October 10, 2006

 

 ENUS206-263.PDF (81KB)

Table of contents   Document options  
TOC link At a glance TOC link Publications
TOC link Overview TOC link Technical information
TOC link Key prerequisites TOC link Software Services
TOC link Planned availability date TOC link Ordering information
TOC link Description TOC link Terms and conditions
TOC link Product positioning TOC link Prices
TOC link Education support TOC link Order now
TOC link Offering Information  
 
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At a glance

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler (TWS) LoadLeveler V3.4:

  • Provides enhanced job spool recovery
  • A new communication scheme designed to improve scalability and job launch performance
  • Incorporates multiple top-dog support into the BACKFILL scheduler
  • Integrated MPICH job management with TWS LoadLeveler
  • Coschedules multiple job steps with minimal restrictions
  • Includes enhanced simultaneous multithreading
  • Exploits the SMT feature of IBM POWER and POWER5+ architecture
  • Provides support with InfiniBand adapters
  • Adds support for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10

For ordering, contact:

Your IBM representative, an IBM Business Partner, or IBM Americas Call Centers at 800-IBM-CALL (Reference: YE001).
 
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Overview

IBM Tivoli® Workload Scheduler (TWS) LoadLeveler® allows users to run more jobs in less time by matching the jobs' processing needs with the available resources. It is a versatile workload management system for serial and parallel batch jobs that is focused on ease of use, efficiency, reliability, and availability.

TWS LoadLeveler schedules jobs and provides functions for building, submitting, and processing jobs quickly and efficiently in a dynamic environment. Batch jobs can be submitted, either serial or parallel, to run in the background and require no input from the user. V3.4 adds the following enhancements:

  • Enhanced job spool recovery — This command is intended to recover job records from a spool when the original managing LoadL_schedd is no longer available.
  • A new communication scheme designed to improve scalability and job launch performance.
  • Incorporates multiple "top-dog" support into the BACKFILL scheduler. The scheduler will identify the lack of required resources for job execution, and compute the earliest start time when the resources are available.
  • A coscheduling function, which enables TWS LoadLeveler to coschedule multiple job steps while placing minimal restrictions on the type and number of resource requirements that can be specified within the coscheduled job steps.
  • Support for SUSE Linux™ Enterprise Server (SLES) 10 has been added.
  • Allows jobs to exploit the SMT feature of the IBM POWER™ and POWER5+™ architecture (with AIX® only).
  • Support for InfiniBand adapters with SLES 9 on Power Architecture™.
  • Removed the restriction for a maximum number of reservations allowed in a cluster.

 
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Key prerequisites

Refer to Hardware requirements and Software requirements sections.


 
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Planned availability date

October 27, 2006: Media and documentation
 
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Description

TWS LoadLeveler is a distributed network-wide job management facility designed to dynamically schedule work on clusters of servers.

A network job management and job scheduling system, TWS LoadLeveler schedules and manages jobs submitted for processing on one or more servers under its control. This could be a cluster of Linux servers or a combination of Linux and AIX servers.

TWS LoadLeveler accepts jobs that users submit and reviews the job requirements. It then examines the servers under its control to determine which are best suited to run each job. The servers can be either general purpose servers or dedicated compute servers.

There is a llmovespool command designed to move job records from the spool of one managing LoadL_schedd to another managing LoadL_schedd in the local cluster. This command is intended to recover job records from a spool when the original managing LoadL_schedd is no longer available.

A new communication scheme has been introduced in LoadLeveler to provide reliable and fast job launch performance and improved scalability.

Multiple top-dog support (top dog is a high priority job, which cannot run due to insufficient available resources) has been incorporated into the BACKFILL scheduler, which allows one or more top dogs to be allocated a future start time. The scheduler will identify the lack of required resources for job execution, and compute the earliest start time when the resources are available.

A coscheduling function enables TWS LoadLeveler to coschedule multiple job steps, while placing minimal restrictions on the type and number of resource requirements that can be specified within the coscheduled job steps. This allows coscheduled job steps to take advantage of the current state-of-the-art job scheduling paradigms, such as top-dog reservation, backfill, preemption, and reservations.

MPICH job management has been integrated with TWS LoadLeveler. Operations allowed for IBM Parallel Environment jobs are supported for MPICH parallel jobs. These operations include:

  • Job launch
  • Job termination
  • Job accounting
  • Execution of prologs and epilogs
  • Job preemption
  • Enforced resource limits, including wall clock limit

The job command language has been extended to allow jobs to exploit the SMT feature of IBM POWER and POWER5+ architecture.

TWS LoadLeveler provides support for the IBM Blue Gene® Solution. The following enhancements have been made to support Blue Gene (the BACKFILL scheduler only):

  • Advance reservations has been extended to include reservation of Blue Gene resources.
  • Fair share scheduling has been extended to include Blue Gene resources. The Blue Gene resource usage is an additional set of information that is made available by TWS LoadLeveler, which can be used to influence job priorities.
  • TWS LoadLeveler allows users to request Blue Gene compute nodes (C-nodes) with a certain amount of memory in the same way as TWS LoadLeveler currently allows for non-Blue Gene nodes.

Preemption support for Blue Gene jobs has been enabled, so Blue Gene jobs now have the same preemption support as non-Blue Gene jobs.

Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler is capable as of October 27, 2006, when used in accordance with IBM's associated documentation, of satisfying the applicable requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, provided that any assistive technology used with the product properly interoperates with it. A U.S. Section 508 Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) can be requested via IBM's Web site


 
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Product positioning

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler is ideal for users who need to submit jobs as necessary, not according to any pre-set schedule. TWS LoadLeveler fits well in environments where users are new to cluster computing and need an easy-to-use, fully documented and supported job scheduler.

TWS LoadLeveler provides an excellent framework for managing both serial and parallel batch workload in a single cluster as well as multi-cluster environments. Both Linux and AIX jobs can be submitted within the same LoadLeveler cluster or across multiple clusters on a grid. TWS LoadLeveler also supports load balancing for interactive parallel operating environment sessions.

Customers with cluster environments who want to improve resource utilization and job throughput across a variety of servers, or want to exploit idle server cycles, can benefit from TWS LoadLeveler. The grid environments have multiple applications, which are dispatched across virtualized resources.

Besides IBM System p™ and System x™ servers, TWS LoadLeveler is also supported when running Linux on non-IBM Intel®-based and AMD hardware servers.

Trademarks

 
POWER, POWER5+, Power Architecture, System p, and System x are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States or other countries or both.
 
LoadLeveler, Tivoli, AIX, and Blue Gene are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States or other countries or both.
 
Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
 
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries or both.
 
Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

 
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Education support

Comprehensive education for IBM Tivoli® products is offered through Worldwide Tivoli Education Delivery Services. A wide range of training options are available, including classes led by instructors, learning on demand, on-site training, and blended learning solutions.

For additional information, visit Web site


 
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Offering Information

Product information is available via the Offering Information Web site

Also, visit the Passport Advantage® Web site


 
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Publications

No publications are shipped with this program.

The following publications are available from the Web:

  • IBM TWS LoadLeveler®: Using and Administering
  • IBM TWS LoadLeveler: Diagnosis and Messages Guide
  • IBM TWS LoadLeveler: Installation Guide

To access all TWS LoadLeveler documentation, refer to the IBM eServer® Cluster Information Center Web site. This Web site contains the most recent TWS LoadLeveler documentation in PDF and HTML formats and is located at

The IBM Publications Center

The Publications Center is a worldwide central repository for IBM product publications and marketing material with a catalog of 70,000 items. Extensive search facilities are provided. Payment options for orders are via credit card (in the U.S.) or customer number for 20 countries. A large number of publications are available online in various file formats, and they can all be downloaded by all countries free of charge.
 
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Technical information

Specified operating environment

Hardware requirements

IBM TWS LoadLeveler V3.4 is supported on the following IBM servers:

  • System p5™
  • System x™
  • eServer pSeries®
  • eServer xSeries®
  • BladeCenter®
  • eServer 325, 326, 326A

And non-IBM servers:

  • With AMD Opteron or Intel® EM64T processors

The following is recommended:

  • 25 MB of disk space for the product code
  • A minimum of 20 MB additional disk space on each node in a cluster for local log and work files
  • A minimum of 1 GB memory (RAM) per node
  • 1 GB of swap space

Software requirements

When running in an AIX 5L™ environment:

  • IBM AIX 5L for POWER™, V5.3 (5765-G03) Technology Level 5300-05
  • TWS LoadLeveler APAR IY8924
  • To run parallel operating environment jobs, Parallel Environment for AIX 5L, V4.2.2 or V4.3 (5765-F83) is required.
  • If using the GUI, AIXwindows® Environment and Java™ Runtime Environment are required.
  • If using the Config Tasks Wizard, TaskGuide Runtime Environment is required.

When running in a Linux™ operating environment:

  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 9 SP3
  • SLES 10
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 4.4
  • TWS LoadLeveler service update 3.4.0-1

For complete details regarding software required for various LoadLeveler functions, refer to the IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler: Installation Guide .

Service can be obtained from the IBM eServer Cluster Support Web site

Compatibility: A TWS LoadLeveler cluster can consist of some machines running the V3.4 level of software, while the rest of the cluster remains at the V3.3 software level. Refer to the IBM TWS LoadLeveler V3.4: Installation Guide .

Planning information

Packaging

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler V3.4 is distributed with:

  • International Program License Agreement (Z125-3301)
  • CD ROM
  • A product README file
  • Publications (refer to the Publications section)

Security, auditability, and control

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler uses the security and auditability features of the operating system software.

The customer is responsible for evaluation, selection, and implementation of security features, administrative procedures, and appropriate controls in application systems and communication facilities.
 
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Software Services

IBM Services has the breadth, depth, and reach to manage your services needs. You can leverage the deep technical skills of our lab-based, software services team and the business consulting, project management, and infrastructure expertise of our IBM Global Services team. Also, we extend our IBM Software Services reach through IBM Business Partners to provide an unmatched portfolio of capabilities. Together, we provide the global reach, intellectual capital, industry insight, and technology leadership to support any critical business need.

To learn more about IBM Software Services or to contact a software services sales specialist, visit

To locate an IBM Business Partner, visit

IBM Tivoli enhanced value-based pricing terminology

IBM Tivoli Enhanced Value-Based Pricing: IBM Tivoli software products are priced using IBM Tivoli's Enhanced Value-Based Pricing. The Enhanced Value-Based Pricing system is based upon the IBM Tivoli Environment-Managed Licensing Model, which uses a managed-environment approach — whereby price is determined by what is managed, rather than the number and type of product components installed.

For example, all servers monitored with IBM Tivoli's monitoring product (IBM Tivoli Monitoring) require entitlements sufficient for those servers. Other IBM Tivoli products may manage clients, client devices, agents, network nodes, users, or other items, and are licensed and priced accordingly.

Unlike typical systems management licensing models that require entitlements of specific software components to specific systems, the IBM Tivoli Environment-Managed Licensing Model provides the customer flexibility to deploy its IBM Tivoli software products within its environment in a manner that can address and respond to the customer's evolving architecture. That is, as the architecture of a customer's environment changes, the customer's implementation of IBM Tivoli software can be altered as needed, without affecting the customer's license requirements (as long as the customer does not exceed its entitlements to the software).

Under Enhanced Value-Based Pricing, licensing and pricing of server-oriented applications are determined based upon the server's use in the customer's environment. Typically, such applications are licensed and priced in a manner that corresponds to each installed and activated processor of the server managed by the IBM Tivoli application to help correlate price to value, while offering a simple solution.

Where a server is physically partitioned, this approach is modified. This partitioning technique is the approach used with systems that have either multiple cards or multiple frames, each of which can be configured independently. For servers capable of physical partitioning (for example, IBM's pSeries Scalable POWERparallel® Systems servers, Sun Ultra servers, and HP Superdome servers), an entitlement is required for each processor in the physical partition being managed by the IBM Tivoli application. For example, assume that a server has 24 processors installed in aggregate. If this server is not partitioned, entitlements are required for all 24 processors. If, however, it is physically partitioned into three partitions each containing eight processors, and Tivoli products were managing only one of the three partitions, then entitlements would be required for the eight processors on the physical partition managed by the IBM Tivoli application.

For servers with virtual or logical partitions, entitlements are required for all installed and activated processors on the server. For each IBM Tivoli application managing a clustered environment, licensing is based on the cumulative number of installed and activated processors on each server in the cluster for each IBM Tivoli application managing the cluster. Where the cluster includes physically partitioned servers, the considerations described above concerning physically partitioned servers apply as well.

Enhanced Value-Based Pricing recognizes the convergence of RISC/UNIX® and Microsoft™ Windows™/Intel technologies, in order to simplify the customer's licensing requirements, and to provide a smoother, more scalable model. Pricing and licensing does not differentiate between non-zSeries® server platforms or operating systems. For some products, this platform neutrality extends to zSeries and other host servers as well.

IBM Tivoli Enhanced Value-Based Pricing terminology definitions

Authorized User

An authorized user is one and only one individual (named or unnamed) within or outside your enterprise. A proof of entitlement (PoE) must be obtained for each individual user accessing the program in any manner. A program licensed under an authorized user PoE may be installed on a single computer or server, and accessed by multiple users, provided that a PoE has been obtained for each individual user accessing the program either directly or indirectly (via a multiplexing program, device, or application server) through any means on behalf of the user. Note that:

  • Authorized users have unique specific identity and IDs cannot be shared.
  • An ID can establish one or more connections and count as a single authorized user.

Specifics to affected Security products:

  1. An authorized user of IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager is any ID that accesses an application or service managed or protected by IBM Tivoli Federated Identity Manager.
  2. An authorized user of IBM Tivoli Directory Integrator (ITDI) is one whose identity can be synchronized by ITDI or that can access a connected system that can be synchronized by ITDI.
  3. An authorized user of IBM Tivoli Identity Manager is any ID whose identity is recorded in the Tivoli Identity Manager identity store.
  4. An authorized user of IBM Tivoli Access Manager for e-business is any ID that accesses an application or service managed or protected by IBM Tivoli Access Manager for e-business.

Client Device or Client

A client device is a computer system that requests the execution of a set of commands, procedures, or applications from another computer system that is typically referred to as a server. Multiple client devices may share access to a common server. A client device generally has some processing capability or is programmable to allow a user to do work. Examples include, but are not limited to, notebook computers, desktop computers, desk side computers, technical workstations, appliances, personal digital assistants, automated teller machines, point-of-sale terminals, tills and cash registers, and kiosks.

Engine

An engine is also referred to as a central processor (CP) or processor. Engines for traditional workloads are called General Purpose CPs. Engines for Linux workloads are called Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) engines or Linux-only engines. Engines for Coupling Facility workloads are called Integrated Coupling Facility (ICF) engines.

Enterprise

A person or single entity and the subsidiaries owned by more than 50%.

External User

An authorized user that is not part of the enterprise.

IBM Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL)

This optional facility enables additional processing capacity exclusively for Linux workload, with no effect on the model designation of a zSeries or OS/390® server. Consequently, executing Linux workload on the IBM Integrated Facility for Linux will not, in most cases, result in any increased IBM software charges for z/OS®, OS/390, VM, VSE, or TPF operating systems/applications. There is, as indicated, a charge associated with the IFL, and there may also be a charge for applications which run on the IFL.

The IFL may be dedicated to a single Linux-mode logical partition or it may be shared by multiple Linux-mode logical partitions. Installations should note that the Linux workspace enabled by this facility will not support any of the S/390® traditional operating systems (OS/390, TPF, VSE, or VM). Only Linux applications or Linux operating in conjunction with the Virtual Image Facility™, an environment that operates within a logical partition or in native S/390 mode and provides the capability to create multiple Linux images, are supported by the IBM S/390 Integrated Facility for Linux.

IBM Tivoli Directory Integrator Connected System

A connected system is any directory, database, application, or file integrated or merged by IBM Tivoli Directory Integrator.

IBM Tivoli Storage HSM for Windows Terabyte (TB) Capacity

Includes primary HSM disk storage pool size combined with the amount of utilized HSM removable media storage pool. Storage pools are configured on the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager server.

IBM System Storage™ Archive Manager Terabyte (TB) Capacity

Includes primary disk storage pool size combined with the amount of utilized primary removable media storage used by the IBM System Storage Archive Manager server.

Capacity notes

Capacity does not include:

  1. Copy storage pools for the space-managed data that reside on disk.
  2. Copy storage pools for the space-managed data that reside on removable media.
  3. Space used on the IBM Tivoli Storage Manager server for any purpose other than the primary storage of space-managed data.
  4. Disk on the host being space managed.

A virtual tape library (VTL) is considered a removable media device, so capacity is based on utilization.

The minimum amount of capacity that can be purchased is 1 TB.

Partial capacity will be rounded up to the next whole number of TB.

Additional capacity must be added in increments of 1 TB

IBM TotalStorage® Productivity Center Terabyte (TB) Capacity

A TB capacity is each individual TB of storage capacity managed by the IBM Total- Storage Productivity Center products. Managed capacity for the IBM TotalStorage Productivity Center for Replication includes both the source and target devices.

Managed Processor (charging under Full Capacity in the "managed environment")

Charges are based on the active processors on the machines in the computing environment affiliated with the program rather than on the server where the program is run. The managed processors which require proofs of entitlement (POE) are defined in the Prices section of the announcement or in the License Information's program unique terms.

Notes:

  1. IBM defines a physical processor in a computer as a functional unit that interprets and executes instructions. A physical processor consists of at least an instruction control unit and one or more arithmetic and logic units.
  2. Multi-core technology allows two or more processors (commonly called "cores") to be active on a single silicon chip. With multi-core technology, IBM considers each "core" to be a physical processor. For example, in a dual-core chip, there are two physical processors residing on the single silicon chip.
  3. The program may not run on some or all of the processors for which PoEs are required by the program's valuation method.
  4. In the zSeries' Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) environment, each IFL engine is considered a single "physical processor".
  5. Threading, a technique which makes a single processor seem to perform as two or more, does not affect the count of physical processors.
  6. Where "blade" technology is employed, each "blade" is considered a separate server, and charging is based upon the total number of processors on the blades with which the program is affiliated.
  7. Not all processors require the same number of Value Unit entitlements. To determine the number of Value Unit entitlements required, refer to the processor value unit conversion table on the Passport Advantage Web site

MSU

Millions of Service Units (MSU) is defined as millions of CPU service units per hour; the measure of capacity used to describe the computing power of the hardware processors on which S/390 or zSeries software runs. Processor MSU values are determined by the hardware vendor, IBM, or Software Compatible Vendors (SCVs).

For more detailed information about zSeries software pricing, go to

Network Node or Node

Network Nodes include routers, switches, hubs, and bridges that contain a network management agent. A single Network Node may contain any number of interfaces or ports.

Partitions

A server's resources (CPU, memory, I/O, interconnects and buses) may be divided according to the needs of the applications running on the server. This partitioning can be implemented with physical boundaries (Physical Partitions) or logical boundaries (Logical Partitions).

Physical Partitions are defined by a collection of processors dedicated to a workload and can be used with systems that have either multiple cards or multiple frames, each of which can be configured independently. In this method, the partitions are divided along hardware boundaries and processors, and the I/O boards, memory, and interconnects are not shared.

Logical Partitions are defined by software rather than hardware and allocate a pool of processing resources to a collection of workloads. These partitions, while separated by software boundaries, share hardware components and run in one or more physical partitions.

Port

A port is the physical connection between a device and the network.

Processor ("per Processor" charging under Full Capacity)

In Full Capacity charging, Proof of Entitlements must be acquired for all activated "processors" (available for use) that are on the server where the program or a component of the program is run.

Notes:

  1. IBM defines a physical processor in a computer as a functional unit that interprets and executes instructions. A physical processor consists of at least an instruction control unit and one or more arithmetic and logic units.
  2. Multicore technology allows two or more processors (commonly called "cores") to be active on a single silicon chip. With multicore technology, IBM considers each "core" to be a physical processor. For example, in a dual-core chip, there are two physical processors residing on the single silicon chip.
  3. In the zSeries' Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) environment, each IFL engine is considered a single "physical processor."
  4. Threading, a technique which makes a single processor seem to perform as two or more, does not affect the count of physical processors.
  5. Where "blade" technology is employed, each "blade" is considered a separate server and charging is based upon the total number of processors on the blade on which the program is run.
  6. When a server is shipped with six processors, but two of them are inactive, four processors are active for the customer.
  7. Not all processors require the same number of Value Unit entitlements. To determine the number of Value Unit entitlements required, refer to the processor value unit conversion table on the Passport Advantage Web site

Server

A server is a computer system that executes requested procedures, commands, or applications to one or more user or client devices over a network. A proof of entitlement (PoE) must be obtained for each server on which the program or a component of the program is run or for each server managed by the program. Where "blade" technology is employed, each "blade" is considered a separate server.

Standby or backup systems

For programs running or resident on backup machines, IBM defines three types of situations: cold, warm, and hot. In the cold and warm situations, a separate entitlement for the copy on the backup machine is normally not required and typically no additional charge applies. In a hot backup situation, the customer needs to acquire another license or entitlements sufficient for that server. All programs running in backup mode must be solely under the customer's control, even if they are running at another enterprise's location.

As a practice, the following are definitions and allowable actions concerning the copy of the program used for backup purposes:

Cold

A copy of the program may reside, for backup purposes, on a machine as long as the program is not started. There is no additional charge for this copy.

Warm

A copy of the program may reside for backup purposes on a machine and is started, but is idling, and is not doing any work of any kind. There is no additional charge for this copy.

Hot

A copy of the program may reside for backup purposes on a machine, is started, and is doing work. The customer must acquire a license or entitlements for this copy and there will generally be an additional charge.

Doing work, includes, for example, production, development, program maintenance, and testing. It also could include other activities, such as mirroring of transactions, updating of files, synchronization of programs, data or other resources (for example, active linking with another machine, program, database, or other resource, and so on), or any activity or configurations that would allow an active hot switch or other synchronized switch over between programs, databases, or other resources to occur.

In the case of a program or system configuration that is designed to support a high availability environment by using various techniques (for example, duplexing, mirroring of files or transactions, maintaining a "heartbeat," active linking with another machine, program, data base or other resource, and so forth), the program is considered to be doing work in the "hot" situation and a license or entitlement must be purchased.

Terabyte (T/TB)

1 terabyte of managed storage = 2 raised to the power of 40 bytes = 1,099,511,627,776 bytes, 1 trillion bytes.

Tivoli Management Points

A Tivoli Management Point is a metric used to compute license quantities and is program specific.

Value Units

A Value Unit is a pricing charge metric for program license entitlements which is based upon the quantity of a specific designated measurement used for a given program. Each program has a designated measurement. The most commonly used designated measurements are processor cores and MSUs. However, for select programs, there are other designated measurements such as servers, users, client devices, and messages. The number of Value Unit entitlements required for your specific implementation of the given program must be obtained from a conversion table associated with the program. You must obtain a proof of entitlement (PoE) for the appropriate number of Value Unit entitlements for your implementation. The Value Unit entitlements of a given program cannot be exchanged, interchanged, or aggregated with Value Unit entitlements of another program. Whenever the designated measurement is a processor core, not all processors require the same number of Value Unit entitlements. To determine the number of Value Unit entitlements required, refer to the processor value unit conversion table on the Passport Advantage Web Site

Product Web site

A complete list of IBM Tivoli products is available at Web site

Licensing Web site

IBM Tivoli product licensing documents are available at Web site

Passport Advantage: Through the Passport Advantage Agreement, customers may receive discounted pricing based on their total volume of eligible products, across all IBM brands, acquired worldwide. The volume is measured by determining the total "Passport Advantage points value" of the applicable acquisitions. Passport Advantage points are only used for calculating the entitled Passport Advantage discount.

To determine the required Tivoli product configuration under Passport Advantage, the Tivoli Enhanced Value-Based Pricing Model applies. The customer's environment is evaluated on a per-product basis.

Use the following two-step process to determine the total "Passport Advantage points value:"

  1. Analyze the customer environment to determine the number of Tivoli Management Points or other charge unit for a product. The quantity of each product's part numbers to be ordered is determined by that analysis.
  2. Order the Passport Advantage part numbers. A Passport Advantage point value, which is the same worldwide for a specific part number regardless of where the order is placed, is assigned to each Tivoli product part number. The Passport Advantage point value for the applicable part number multiplied by the quantity for that part number will determine the Passport Advantage points for that Tivoli product part number. The sum of these Passport Advantage points determines the "Passport Advantage point value" of the applicable Tivoli product authorizations, which then may be aggregated with the point value of other applicable Passport Advantage product acquisitions to determine the total "Passport Advantage points value".

The discounted pricing available through Passport Advantage is expressed in the form of Suggested Volume Prices (SVPs), which vary depending on the SVP level. Each SVP level is assigned a minimum total Passport Advantage point value, which must be achieved, in order to qualify for that SVP level.

Media packs and documentation packs do not carry Passport Advantage points and are not eligible for SVP discounting.

For additional information on Passport Advantage, refer to the following Web site

The following Passport Advantage part number categories may be orderable:

  • License and Software Maintenance 12 Months — this is the product authorization with maintenance to the first anniversary date.
  • Annual Software Maintenance Renewal — this is the maintenance renewal for one anniversary that applies when a customer renews their existing coverage period prior to the anniversary date at which it expires.
  • Software Maintenance Reinstatement 12 Months — this is for customers who have allowed their Software Maintenance to expire, and later wish to reinstate their Software Maintenance.
  • Media packs — these are the physical media, such as CD-ROMs, that deliver the product's code.
  • Documentation packs — these contain printed documentation such as the User's Guide and Release Notes®.
  • Custom Build Registration — this is used with products that have an IBM zSeries component. Ordering this part number results in a process to enable the customer to receive the zSeries code via the z/OS Customized Offerings packaging techniques, that is, ServerPac, SystemPac®, or the Custom Build Product Delivery Option (CBPDO).

Exceptions to the Environment-Managed Licensing Model 

IBM Tivoli products are priced based on the Environment-Managed Licensing Model and follow the definitions laid out in the Definitions section of this announcement, with the following exceptions:

  1. IBM Tivoli NetView®

    Count the processors in the servers in which IBM Tivoli NetView runs, plus the number of network nodes managed.

  2. IBM Tivoli Switch Analyzer

    Count the processors in the servers in which IBM Tivoli Switch Analyzer runs, plus the number of ports managed.

  3. IBM Tivoli Access Manager for e-business

    Count either the number of registered users or the number of processors in the servers in which IBM Tivoli Access Manager for e-business runs, but not both.

  4. IBM Tivoli Identity Manager

    Count either the number of registered users or the number of processors in the servers in which IBM Tivoli Identity Manager runs, but not both.

  5. IBM Tivoli Monitoring for Transaction Performance

    The Synthetic Transaction Investigator Player/Site Investigator requires a 2-processors entitlement.

  6. IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems

    Count the processors in each system to be secured that operates with a UNIX-based operating system, including both clients and servers.

Pricing Example

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler

An IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler server performs one or more functions for the cluster.

  • Central manager: There is only one active central manager in an IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler cluster.
  • Scheduling machine: Any server can be designated to function as a scheduling machine.
  • Execution machine: Any server can be designated to function as an execution server. It receives jobs from the scheduling machine.

The customer environment includes the following cluster:

  • One 2-way central manager
  • One 4-way scheduling machine
  • Ten 8-way executing machines

                                 Quantity       Processor
                                 in customer    entitlements
Systems managed                  environment    required
 
2-way central manager             1              2
4-way scheduling machine          1              4
8-way execution machine          10             80
Total processor entitlements                    86

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler Loadleveler requires the IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler for Virtualized Data Centers agent to communicate with an IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler master.

Licensing for IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler and existing licensees of IBM LoadLeveler do not have to do anything unless they want to take advantage of the planning and choreography features of IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler, in which case a license must be acquired for at least one IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler master and one IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler for Virtualized Data Centers agent.
 
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Ordering information

This product is only available via Passport Advantage. It is not available as shrinkwrap.

Product information

Licensed                                        Product
function title              Product group       category
 
IBM Tivoli Workload         Configurations      TWS
 Scheduler LoadLeveler       and Operations      LoadLeveler

                              PID             Charge unit
Program name                  number          description
 
IBM Tivoli Workload           5724-I23        Processor Day
 Scheduler LoadLeveler
 
IBM Tivoli Workload           5724-I23        10 Value Units
 Scheduler LoadLeveler

Charge metrics definitions

Value Unit

A Value Unit is a pricing charge metric for program license entitlements which is based upon the quantity of a specific designated measurement used for a given program. Each program has a designated measurement. The most commonly used designated measurement is a processor core. However, for select programs, there are other designated measurements such as users, client devices, and messages. The number of Value Unit entitlements required for your specific implementation of the given program must be obtained from a conversion table associated with the program. You must obtain a proof of entitlement (POE) for the appropriate number of Value Unit entitlements for your implementation. The Value Unit entitlements of a given program cannot be exchanged, interchanged, or aggregated with Value Unit entitlements of another program.

Processor (Value Unit)

A processor (commonly called a "CPU" or "core") is a functional unit within a computing device that interprets and executes instructions. A processor consists of at least an instruction control unit and one or more arithmetic or logic unit. With multi-core technology, each core is considered a processor. Not all processors require the same number of Value Unit entitlements. To determine the number of Value Unit entitlements required, refer to the processor value unit conversion table on the Passport Advantage Web site

With full capacity licensing, a proof of entitlement (POE) must be acquired for the appropriate number of value units based on all activated processors on the server available to the program or a component of the program.

Passport Advantage Customer: Media Pack Entitlement details

Customers with active maintenance or subscription for the products listed below are entitled to receive the corresponding media pack.

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler V3.4.0

Entitled maintenance       Media packs               Part
offerings description      description               number
 
IBM Tivoli Workload        IBM Tivoli Workload       BH03AIE
 Scheduler LoadLeveler      Scheduler LoadLeveler
 10 Value Units, IBM        for AIX(R) V3.4 Media
 LoadLeveler                Pack CD ROM, English
                            Only
 
IBM Tivoli Workload        IBM Tivoli Workload       BH03BIE
 Scheduler LoadLeveler      Scheduler LoadLeveler
 10 Value Units, IBM        for Linux POWER V3.4
 LoadLeveler                Media Pack CD ROM,
                            English Only
 
IBM Tivoli Workload        IBM Tivoli Workload       BH03CIE
 Scheduler LoadLeveler      Scheduler LoadLeveler
 10 Value Units, IBM        for Linux xSeries
 LoadLeveler                V3.4 Media Pack CD
                            ROM, English Only

New licensees: Orders for new licenses will be accepted now.

Shipment will begin on the planned availability date.

Basic license

Ordering information for Passport Advantage: Passport Advantage allows you to have a common anniversary date for Software Maintenance renewals, which can simplify management and budgeting for eligible new versions and releases (and related technical support) for your covered products. The anniversary date, established at the start of your Passport Advantage Agreement, will remain unchanged while your Passport Advantage Agreement remains in effect. New software purchases will initially include twelve full months of maintenance coverage. Maintenance in the second year (the first year of renewal) can be prorated to be coterminous with your common anniversary date. Thereafter, all software maintenance will renew at the common anniversary date and include twelve full months of maintenance.

Refer to the IBM International Passport Advantage Agreement and to the IBM Software Maintenance Handbook for specific terms relating to, and a more complete description of, technical support provided through Software Maintenance.

The quantity to be specified for the Passport Advantage part numbers in the following table is per number of required Value Units. To order for Passport Advantage, specify the desired part number and quantity.

Passport Advantage program licenses

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler

                                                     Part
Part description                                     number
 
IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler
 
IBM Tivoli Workload LL 10 Value Units                D58CALL
 License & SW Maintenance 12 Months
IBM Tivoli Workload LL 10 Value Units                E02JKLL
 SW Maintenance Annual Renewal
IBM Tivoli Workload LL 10 Value Units                D58CBLL
 SW Maintenance Reinstatement 12 Months
IBM Tivoli Workload LL Processor                     D556ALL
 Day Per Use-Day OOCoD

To order a media pack for Passport Advantage, specify the part number in the desired quantity from the following table:

                                                     Part
Description                                          number
 
Tivoli Workload Sched LoadLeveler Linux              BH03BIE
 for POWER V3.4, CD-ROM Media Pack
Tivoli Workload Sched LoadLeveler Linux              BH03CIE
 xSeries V3.4, CD-ROM Media Pack
Tivoli Workload Sched LoadLeveler                    BH03AIE
 for AIX V3.4 CD-ROM Media Pack

IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler is also available via Web download from Passport Advantage.
 
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Terms and conditions

This product is only available via Passport Advantage. It is not available as shrinkwrap.

Licensing: IBM International Program License Agreement and License Information document. Proofs of Entitlement (PoE) are required for all authorized use.

Part number products only, offered outside of Passport Advantage, where applicable, are license only and do not include Software Maintenance.

License information form number

                                Program
Program name                    number           Form number
 
IBM Tivoli Workload             5724-I23         Electronic
 Scheduler LoadLeveler

On or near the planned availability date, the LI will be available for review on the IBM Software License Agreement Web site

Limited warranty applies: Yes

Money-back guarantee: If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the program and you are the original licensee, return it within 30 days from the invoice date, to the party (either IBM or its reseller) from whom you acquired it, for a refund.

  • For programs acquired under the IBM International Passport Advantage offering, this term applies only to your first acquisition of the program.

Copy and use on home/portable computer

                                               Copy and
                                               use on
                                               home/portable
Product name                                   computer?
 
IBM Tivoli Workload Scheduler LoadLeveler      No

Volume orders (IVO): No

Passport Advantage applies

Yes and through the Passport Advantage Web site at

Usage restriction: Yes

Usage is limited to the number of value units licensed.

For additional information refer to the License Information Document that is available on the IBM Software License Agreement Web site

Software maintenance applies

IBM operational support services — SoftwareXcel: No

iSeries™ Software Maintenance applies: No

Educational allowance available: Not applicable
 
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Prices

Information on charges is available at Web site

In the Electronic tools category, select the option for "Purchase/upgrade tools."

Passport Advantage

For Passport Advantage information and charges, contact your IBM representative or authorized IBM Business Partner. Additional information is also available at

Business Partner information

If you are an IBM Business Partner — Distributor for Workstation Software acquiring products from IBM, you may link directly to Business Partner pricing information. An ID and password are required (use IBM ID).


 
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Order now

To order, contact the Americas Call Centers, your local IBM representative, or your IBM Business Partner.

To identify your local IBM representative or IBM Business Partner, call 800-IBM-4YOU (426-4968).

 Phone:      800-IBM-CALL (426-2255)
 Fax:        800-2IBM-FAX (242-6329)
 Internet:   callserv@ca.ibm.com
 Mail:       IBM Americas Call Centers
             Dept. Teleweb Customer Support, 9th floor
             105 Moatfield Drive
             North York, Ontario
             Canada M3B 3R1
 
 Reference:  YE001

The Americas Call Centers, our national direct marketing organization, can add your name to the mailing list for catalogs of IBM products.

Note: Shipments will begin after the planned availability date.

Trademarks

 
System p5, System x, AIX 5L, POWER, Virtual Image Facility, System Storage, and iSeries are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States or other countries or both.
 
Tivoli, Passport Advantage, LoadLeveler, eServer, pSeries, xSeries, BladeCenter, AIXwindows, POWERparallel, zSeries, OS/390, z/OS, S/390, TotalStorage, Notes, SystemPac, NetView, Lotus, AIX, and PartnerWorld are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States or other countries or both.
 
Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
 
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
 
Java is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 
UNIX is a registered trademark of the Open Company in the United States and other countries.
 
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries or both.
 
Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

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