IBM United States
Software Announcement 200-453
December 19, 2000
General Parallel File System V1R4 Now Supported on Clusters of RS/6000 Workstations and Servers Running HACMP
At a Glance
General Parallel File System (GPFS) V1R4 for AIX extends the benefits of GPFS to the cluster environment, and provides new support for directly-attached SSA disks.
GPFS is a fast, highly available, and highly scalable, shared file system for clusters of IBM's UNIX® systems; both IBM pSeries and IBM RS/6000 workstations and/or servers running HACMP/ES.
For ordering, contact:
Your IBM representative, an IBM Business Partner, or IBM Americas Call Centers at 800-IBM-CALL (Reference: RE001).
General Parallel File System for AIX® is now available on your clusters of RS/6000® servers and workstations. This will enable you to move data quickly into and out of the node clusters, with high availability among nodes.
GPFS V1R4 provides the capability to share data across Serial Storage Architecture (SSA) shared disks or disk arrays directly attached to multiple RS/6000 workstations or servers running AIX V4R3.3 and HACMP/ES V4R4. In this environment, a GPFS nodeset consists of up to eight nodes.
In addition, GPFS now provides the capability to operate in an SP environment with directly attached disks. Here, SSA shared disks or disk arrays are directly attached to each node in the nodeset, which consists of up to eight nodes.
Note: There is no SP switch requirement for GPFS in this environment, however, HACMP/ES is a requirement in this case.
Additional enhancements to both the SP and cluster environments include dynamic addition of nodes to a GPFS nodeset when using TCP/IP as the GPFS communications protocol, and support for a single-node quorum in a two-node nodeset.
GPFS V1R4 does not support running with the SP Switch2 at availability. Refer to the Statement of Direction .
For RS/6000 Clusters
For RS/6000 SP Systems with a Switch
For RS/6000 SP Systems without a Switch
General Parallel File System (GPFS) provides file system services to parallel and serial applications running on the AIX Operating Environment. GPFS allows parallel applications simultaneous access to the same or different files from any node in the GPFS nodeset while managing a high level of control over all file system operations. A nodeset is a group of nodes that all run the same level of GPFS and operate on the same file system. Serial applications are dynamically assigned to processors based on availability and achieve high performance access to their data from wherever they run.
GPFS provides the capability to operate in:
In a switch environment, a nodeset consists of a set of SP nodes that provide access to GPFS file systems. Here, GPFS takes advantage of the SP Switch speed and uses it to accelerate parallel file operations that would overload serial file system management.
In a non-switch environment, a GPFS nodeset consists of up to eight RS/6000 workstations, servers, or SP nodes with uniform disk access, thus enabling concurrent data sharing. In this environment, SSA shared disks or disk arrays are directly attached to each node in the nodeset.
In both SP environments, there can be multiple GPFS nodesets per SP partition, however, a GPFS file system may only be accessed from a single nodeset.
A non-SP, GPFS cluster is a group of RS/6000 workstations or servers. This cluster is a subset of a predefined HACMP/ES cluster. In this environment, a GPFS nodeset consists of up to eight RS/6000 servers and/or workstations with uniform disk access enabling concurrent data sharing. After a GPFS nodeset has been configured, GPFS obtains the necessary configuration data from the HACMP/ES global Object Data Manager (ODM).
The following commands have been added to support this new environment:
Additional functions are available in all GPFS environments:
Note: The maximum number of supported nodes in a GPFS cluster is eight due to the limitations of the SSA adapter.
For additional information on GPFS function and capabilities, refer to
, dated July 18, 2000.
This program is not impacted by euro currency.
For IBM pSeries scientific and technical computing users, GPFS provides a single, global file system for multiple nodes, workstations, and servers, and is ideal for high performance parallel file transfer and parallel I/O to single or multiple files. For pSeries Business Intelligence usage, GPFS provides parallel enablement for applications such as SAS, improves performance of database loading utilities, and supports parallel operation of online analysis processing using tools not enabled for parallel use. For pSeries server consolidation use, GPFS provides a fast, global file system for applications sharing data within the cluster.
Users of SP systems who want to use GPFS with the SP Switch2 should use GPFS Release 3 until GPFS Release 4 is updated with SP Switch2 support. Refer to Statement of Direction.
Statement of Direction
General Parallel File System V1R4 Support of the SP Switch2
As of this announcement, GPFS V1R4 does not support running with the SP Switch2.
In order to keep the pSeries software products at the latest switch technology, IBM intends to provide support for the SP Switch2 on SP Systems running GPFS V1R4. It is expected that this support will be provided in the first half of 2001.
All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objective only.
Product information will be available on day of announcement through Offering Information (OITOOL) at:
No hardcopy publications are shipped with this program.
Displayable Softcopy Publications
The following publications are offered in displayable softcopy form:
These displayable manuals are part of the basic machine-readable material and are viewable in PDF and HTML formats. They are also available on the RS/6000® Web site at general availability of the product.
Terms and conditions for use of the machine-readable files are shipped with the files.
Specified Operating Environment
Additional hardware is required to operate in a switch environment:
Additional hardware is required to operate in a direct-attached disk environment:
There can be only one GPFS cluster per HACMP/ES cluster. V1R4 does
not support the SP Switch2. V1R4 supports a maximum of eight nodes when
operating (1) in the cluster environment and (2) with directly attached
disks in the SP environment. V1R4 does not support LAPI communication as
the GPFS communication protocol in the cluster environment.
Planning for your disk subsystem in a GPFS cluster environment includes determining:
Coexistence Guidelines in Cluster Environment
Installability: The default communications protocol for communication between nodes in a GPFS nodeset is TCP/IP. This is the only supported communication protocol in a cluster (non-SP switch) environment.
Security, Auditability, and Control
General Parallel File System uses the security and auditability features of the AIX Version 4 Operating System and the RS/6000 SP.
The customer is responsible for evaluation, selection, and implementation of security features, administrative procedures, and appropriate controls in application systems and communication facilities.
GPFS V1R4 has one charge unit based on installations. One-time charge (OTC) feature numbers are available in variable order quantities based on the number of nodes in your RS/6000 SP system, or the number of workstations or servers in your cluster, that will be running GPFS.
General Parallel File System V1R4 is available for those customers currently licensed for GPFS V1R1, GPFS V1R2, or GPFS V1R3. Upgrades may be acquired up to the current level of use authorized for the qualifying programs.
Program Name: General Parallel File System for AIX, V1R4.
New users of General Parallel File System V1R4 should specify Type 5765, Model B95, asset feature number 9001, and the feature number equal to the total number of desired licenses to be installed times the quantity of installs. For example, if ordering GPFS for 12 nodes, order the feature code for Order Type Description 11 to 50 Installs with a quantity equal to 12.
OTC Medium Order Type Feature Feature Description Number Number Medium Machine Type/Model: 5765-B95 1 to 5 Installs 3001 5244 CD-ROM 6 to 10 Installs 3002 11 to 50 Installs 3003 51 or More Installs 3004
GPFS V1R3 will remain orderable until December 31, 2001. Refer to Software Announcement 200-223 , dated July 18, 2000, for ordering information.
Current licensees of General Parallel File System V1R1 or V1R2 who wish to upgrade to GPFS V1R4 should specify Type 5765 and Model B95 and order an upgrade equal to the current level of use authorized. For example, if currently licensed to use GPFS V1R1 or V1R2 on 8 nodes, order the feature code for Order Type Description 6 to 10 Installs with a quantity equal to 8.
OTC Medium Order Type Feature Feature Description Number Number Medium Machine Type/Model: 5765-B95 V1R1 or V1R2 to V1R4 Upgrade 1 to 5 Installs 3005 5244 CD-ROM 6 to 10 Installs 3006 11 to 50 Installs 3007 51 or More Installs 3008
Current licensees of General Parallel File System V1R3 who wish to upgrade to GPFS V1R4 should specify Type 5765 and Model B95 and order an upgrade equal to the current level of use authorized. For example, if currently licensed to use GPFS V1R3 on 8 nodes, order the feature code listed below with a quantity equal to 8. If currently licensed to use GPFS V1R3 on 24 nodes, order the feature code listed below with a quantity equal to 24.
OTC Medium Order Type Feature Feature Description Number Number Medium Machine Type/Model: 5765-B95 V1R3 to V1R4 Upgrade 5244 CD-ROM 1 to 5 Installs 1314 6 to 10 Installs 1315 11 to 50 Installs 1316 51 or More Installs 1317
Software Subscription for AIX
Customers who purchased protection for GPFS V1R3 for AIX, under Software Subscription for AIX (5692-SS0) are entitled to receive V1R4 at no charge. Eligible customers should add CD media supply feature number 0572 under their existing 5692-SS0 record. GPFS V1R4 for AIX is offered on CD-ROM media only.
Note: SSO customers who wish to remain with GPFS V1R3 may do so and will still be eligible for follow on releases. It is not necessary to move to GPFS V1R4.
Planned Availability for Software Subscription: December 22, 2000
CD-ROM Media 5692-SS0 Eligible Supply Description Billing Features(1) Feature From 5765-B95 GPFS V1R3 to 5765-B95 GPFS V1R4 0572 1 to 5 Installs 6484, 6486, 6488, 6 to 10 Installs 6485, 6487, 6489, 11 to 50 Installs 6490, 6492, 6493, 51 or More Installs 6491, 6494, 6495
New Licensees for Future Upgrades of SSO
To register for future upgrades of products from Software Subscription for AIX for programs described in this announcement, specify 5692-SSO and feature number 9001 for asset registration, and the applicable billing features with quantity equal to the number of licenses in the Software Subscription for AIX contract. Use the tables below as reference to select the appropriate billing feature.
Annual Order Support Type Billing Description Number Feature GPFS Version 1.4 for AIX 5692-SSO (5765-B95) 1 to 5 Installs 6680 6 to 10 Installs 6681 11 to 50 Installs 6682 51 or More Installs 6683
Withdrawal of Software Subscription for AIX Feature Numbers: None
Software Subscription feature codes for GPFS V1R3 will not be withdrawn with this announcement because GPFS V1R3 is still orderable.
Customization Options for 5765-B95: Select the appropriate feature numbers to customize your order with delivery options desired. These features can be specified on the initial or MES orders.
Feature Description Number Initial Shipments Serial Number Only (suppresses shipment 3444 of media and documentation) Update Shipments Suppress Updates (suppresses update 3482 shipment of media and documentation) Expedite Shipments Local IBM Office Expedite 3445 (for IBM use only) Customer Expedite Process Charge 3446 ($30 charge for each product)
Expedite shipments will be processed to receive 72-hour delivery from the time IBM Software Delivery and Fulfillment (SDF) receives the order. SDF will then ship the order via overnight air transportation.
Terms and Conditions
Use Priority/Reference Code: RE001 Phone: 800-IBM-CALL Fax: 800-2IBM-FAX Internet: firstname.lastname@example.org Mail: IBM Atlanta Sales Center Dept. RE001 P.O. Box 2690 Atlanta, GA 30301-2690
You can also contact your local IBM Business Partner or IBM representative. To identify them, call 800-IBM-4YOU.
Note: Shipments will begin after the planned availability date.