Family 9672+07 IBM S/390 Generation 6 Servers: Engines for e-business

IBM United States Sales Manual
Revised:  September 22, 2010.

Table of contents
TOC Link Product Life Cycle Dates TOC Link Technical Description
TOC Link Abstract TOC Link Publications
TOC Link Highlights TOC Link Features -- Specify/Special/Exchange
TOC Link Description TOC Link Accessories
TOC Link Product Positioning TOC Link Machine Elements
TOC Link Models TOC Link Supplies

 
Product Life Cycle Dates
Type Model Announced Available Marketing Withdrawn Service Discontinued
9672-XX7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-XY7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-XZ7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X17 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X27 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X37 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X47 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X57 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X67 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X77 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X87 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-X97 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-ZX7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-ZY7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-ZZ7 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z17 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z27 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z37 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z47 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z57 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z67 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z77 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z87 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31
9672-Z97 1999/05/031999/05/28 2004/12/312010/12/31

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Abstract

IBM S/390 Parallel Enterprise Generation 6 servers--your engines for e-business

Performance for single systems and Parallel Sysplex clusters has been increased by 50%, 9 months after Generation 5 "broke the BIPS barrier" in 1998! Viewed as one family, G5 and G6 servers offer an expanded CMOS server lineup of 50 models and one coupling facility (Model R06), with G6 available May 28, 1999. This early delivery enables installations to exercise IBM's Plan-Ahead capacity increases, further reducing Y2K risk.

G6 boosts capacity up to 35% over G5, model to model, and introduces 11-way and 12-way server models, the highest frequency server microprocessor presently shipping, the industry's densest cache and has the most usable capacity to run mixed workloads of any server. IBM's Parallel Sysplex efficiently shares data and resources, as well as protects applications from software and hardware outages. G5 and G6 models with Capacity Upgrades on Demand add horsepower non-disruptively.

G5 and G6, together with the FICON channel, OSA-Express' Gigabit Ethernet feature, Tivoli's Management Framework for OS/390, Cryptographic Coprocessor and new OS/390 security enhancements, provide a balanced system design. This approach, incorporated with S/390's Parallel Sysplex shared-everything architecture strategy, sets IBM apart from competitive offerings and makes the Generation 5 and Generation 6 servers the fastest, most secure, scalable and available e-business--bar none.

Industry leaders are using Internet technologies to create their end- to-end, business transactions; the new era of e-business requires a transition from the Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) model that underlies current business applications. The new model, "e-transaction processing", facilitates the new way of doing business.

IBM is introducing the IBM Design Center for e-Transaction Processing, where customers can go and work with IBM's brain power and use IBM's resources to develop and execute e-business solutions in a real-world environment. IBM announces new features and functions for the 9672 Parallel Enterprise Server G5 and G6 models, on February 29, 2000, assisting your enterprise with new: capacity planning options, PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor features, and Queued Direct Input/Output support for OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM Ethernet LAN emulation to reduce CPU cycle consumption and improve ease of use. Thirty-six FICON channels are now orderable on G6 models. For Parallel Sysplex users, we offer new G5/G6 function and new software support in conjunction with OS/390 Version 2 Release 9.

Model Abstract 9672-X17

The IBM 9672 Model X17 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 1 CP, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-X27

The IBM 9672 Model X27 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 2 CPs, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-X37

The IBM 9672 Model X37 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 3 CPs, 2 standard and 1 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X47

The IBM 9672 Model X47 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 4 CPs, 2 standard and 2 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X57

The IBM 9672 Model X57 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 5 CPs, 2 standard and 3 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X67

The IBM 9672 Model X67 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 6 CPs, 2 standard and 4 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X77

The IBM 9672 Model X77 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 7 CPs, 2 standard and 5 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X87

The IBM 9672 Model X87 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 8 CPs, 2 standard and 4 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-X97

The IBM 9672 Model X97 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 9 CPs, 2 standard and 3 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-XX7

The IBM 9672 Model XX7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 10 CPs, 2 standard and 2 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-XY7

The IBM 9672 Model XY7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 11 CPs, 2 standard and 1 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-XZ7

The IBM 9672 Model XZ7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 12 CPs, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-Z17

The IBM 9672 Model Z17 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 1 CP, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z27

The IBM 9672 Model Z27 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 2 CPs, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z37

The IBM 9672 Model Z37 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 3 CPs, 2 standard and 1 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z47

The IBM 9672 Model Z47 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 4 CPs, 2 standard and 2 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z57

The IBM 9672 Model Z57 is a CBU model that has 14 Processing Units, 5 CPs, 2 standard and 3 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z67

The IBM 9672 Model Z67 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 6 CPs, 2 standard and 4 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage. A special bid contract is required to order this model.

Model Abstract 9672-Z77

The IBM 9672 Model Z77 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 7 CPs, 2 standard and 5 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-Z87

The IBM 9672 Model Z87 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 8 CPs, 2 standard and 4 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-Z97

The IBM 9672 Model Z97 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 9 CPs, 2 standard and 3 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-ZX7

The IBM 9672 Model ZX7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 10 CPs, 2 standard and 2 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-ZY7

The IBM 9672 Model ZY7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 11 CPs, 2 standard and 1 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.

Model Abstract 9672-ZZ7

The IBM 9672 Model ZZ7 is a standard model that has 14 Processing Units, 12 CPs, 2 standard and 0 optional System-Assist Processors (SAPs), and 5GB minimum and 32GB maximum Processor storage.
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Highlights

  • 24 CMOS large server models available, with 50% more capacity than the record breaking Generation 5 model capacity.

  • An 11-way and 12-way server, introduced for increased function and availability.

  • New connectivity options, with the OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet feature and Queued Direct I/O, delivering a balanced solution to maximize throughput and minimize host interrupts.

  • Introducing IBM's Design Center for e-transaction processing, one stop for customers to tap into IBM's technical expertise and services for e-business.

  • Capacity Upgrade on Demand: One year's experience with CUoD, new options to exploit all opportunities in the unpredictable world of e-business, CUoD-capable Model R06 Coupling Facility, even more enterprise value.

  • Cryptographic Coprocessor: New PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor, provides new features with new function.

  • Parallel Sysplex: Announcing the option to integrate an automated Capacity BackUp (CBU) with the IBM's Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex (GDPS). IBM's exclusive integration of GDPS and Capacity Backup (CBU) option reduces disaster recovery times by automating the CBU process at a remote site. Parallel Sysplex Messaging CFCC support is enabled via new XES List Structure extensions in OS/390 Version 2 Release 9, with CFCC Level 9.

  • Enhanced Contention Analysis, Ease of use enhancements, Shared HFS, WLM Multisystem enclaves, and XES enhancements are among the new software support for Parallel Sysplex

  • Capacity BackUp: Enhancements with more options.

  • Connectivity Update for 2000: New QDIO support for OSA- Express options, up to 36 FICON channels now on G6.

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Description

Proof Points: S/390 G5/G6 Servers and Platform Excellence

Business leaders are presently integrating their Information Technology (IT) infrastructure with the Web, using Internet technologies and enabling a seamless entity for real time end-to-end transaction processing.

IBM's S/390 platform has defined the standard in OLTP over the last 3 decades, and has the experience, technology, and applications to help its customers further make their transition into the era of e-business.

With these models, IBM demonstrates its resources to deliver on the promise of e-business, with solutions for integrated thinking, integrated solutions, and integrated technology.

Mainframe Engines for e-business

G5/G6, the latest IBM S/390 Parallel Enterprise Servers, Generation 6, are leaders in function, features, capacity, mixed workload scalability, security, and availability. Partnered with IBM's OS/390 operating system and S/390's Transaction and Database Managers, the G5 and G6 servers offer an architecture and technology that is unmatched by other IT vendors for bet your e-business transactions.

Plan-Ahead: Non-Disruptive Growth from 1 to 384 Engines

e-business transactions are characterized by unpredictable workloads that vary in size, timing, and performance requirements.

Capacity Upgrade on Demand (CUoD) function with the G5 and G6 servers provides the ability to add one or more Central Processors (CPs) or shared Internal Coupling Facilities (ICFs) non-disruptively to most upgrades as workload requirements warrant. CPs can be added with no system power down and no associated re-IML/IPLs. In conjunction with the Parallel Sysplex cluster technology that allows servers to be added non- disruptively to an application, IBM S/390 technology has the synergy to grow a business opportunity from a single G5 engine to 32 G6 12-way servers without any loss of application availability. Minimize risk to invite explosive growth in your e-business.

Virtually Unlimited Single-Image Scalability Best Growth Path beyond 31 bit memory addressing

Grow Easily as your Business Grows -- Not Restricted by Hardware or Software Technology Limitations.

Many customers will see the immediate benefit of running e-business transactions on the same OS/390 image as they run existing mission- critical applications. Many of these e-business applications today reside on middle tier platforms, in three tier configurations. A two tier environment, where the e-business applications run along with existing mission-critical business applications and their associated data, provides optimum availability, security, scalability and data integrity. Efficiency within 31 bit architecture memory addressability is maximized for single image: no wasted resources due to excessive paging overhead at truly large single systems images. Single resource space for all mission-critical workloads. With scalability and access to all shared data (no fixed/hard partitions) G5/G6 and S/390 Parallel Sysplex represents the best in value and efficiency versus alternative options.

The Best Clustering Technology

The data is not dedicated purely to the instance to which it is attached. For 1999, S/390's Single Systems Resource Sharing brings IBM's best of breed design to the single footprint environment in the G5 and G6 servers with OS/390 Release 7 (with Shared Catalog). Multiple OS/390 images (LPARs) require datasets, tape drives, consoles, log data, system catalog, access to JES2 checkpoints--basic resources. S/390 Resource Sharing enables resources that are common across multiple logical partitions and manages them as a single, shared resource.

The balanced system, with the most advanced connectivity: Doing more with less. Adding channels to provide more bandwidth between servers and I/O subsystems is complex and inefficient. Use G5/G6's FICON channels to manage multiple packets of data across multiple I/O resources in full duplex mode. OSA-Express' Gigabit Ethernet features eliminate bandwidth bottlenecks in the LAN campus backbone. OS/390 V2 R7 enables TCP/IP "fast path" via Queued Direct Input/Output (QDIO).

Availability and Reliability

Access to server 24 X 7, Stays Up, provides Protection Against Failures; No Need for System-Down Housekeeping.

The G6 Processor Module, which includes all of the Central Processors, System Assist Processors, Cryptographic Coprocessors, L2 Cache and Data Chips, Memory Bus Adapter Chips, and the Clock Chip, is tested in an extreme environment that simulates the equivalent of 9000 hours of normal customer operations. The hardware also executes the most stringent customer applications, at this time, in the most severe installation environmental state.

Security

From Within and Without.

The Internet explosion has created a critical need for maximum security, not only for business-to-business relationships, but for business-to-consumer transactions. S/390 has over 70% of the world's data on its platform, and its intrusion resistance is tested daily. From RACF software to the integrated dual cryptographic coprocessor (which together with the IBM 4758 PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor card), are the only units ever to achieve the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS 140-1 Level 4 rating)), and the E4 level of systems certification for their Logical Partitioning capabilities. The G5/G6 server's and OS/390's security protects your information asset from outside attack, and data integrity failures.

Interoperability

Integrate the Value Chain -- Connect all Current Systems and Manage them all from a Single Point of Control.

G5/G6 Systems have been designed for extensive interoperability. Applications benefit from the ability to be run using the resources required to achieve committed service levels. S/390 systems can be configured as a union of systems rather than islands of compute power. You can place your e-business transactions on a physically separate footprint from existing mission-critical applications and data, and get the benefit of managing all the applications as if they were on the same physical processor. Within a single system, workloads can share intersystem resources such as memory or intrasystem resources such as storage (disk, tape, optical), printers, networks and so on. Multiple S/390 systems can be easily managed from a single point, the Hardware Management Console (HMC). Optional HMCs are frequently used by businesses to manage systems from different locations. The ability to manage the applications, servers, software, and networks that constitute the infrastructure of an e-transaction processing environment is critical to its success. This requires systems management tools that extend beyond the boundaries of the datacenter. To give S/390 this reach, IBM will be providing the Tivoli Management Enterprise Server Framework on OS/390 in 3Q99.

G5/G6 Capacity Backup Upgrades (CBU) allow systems to nondisruptively add processors to recover capacity lost in another part of the establishment:

By supporting Open connectivity standards (channels and Open Systems Adapters), G5/G6 systems can share storage, printers and network devices and easily access common data or service users. S/390 G5/G6 servers offer the most capability to run multiple workloads within and among different servers. With high speed coupling connections and workload management capabilities between servers, G5s and G6s provide the best interoperability of hardware on the market today. Up to 32 servers can work together as a single system image with IBM S/390 Parallel Sysplex technology. Robust S/390 hardware and software allow sustained utilization rates above 90% to be achieved daily by many of the most demanding applications in the world. Mainframe "wannabee" servers may claim effective utilization for only a specific tuned workload in a sheltered benchmarking environment. G5/G6 servers being designed for interoperability can run your e-business, and batch critical transaction workloads effectively and efficiently. G5/G6 servers can run mixed workloads as single systems, a cluster of systems or with a Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex, a cluster of 2 or more sites!

Flexibility: No Hardware or Software Technology Restrictions that Force You to become an IT Specialist.

OS/390 has the Workload Manager to control how work runs. S/390 servers normally run with average utilization of greater than 90% over a 24 hour period. Respond to Business Requirements, with G5/G6s Capacity Upgrades on Demand and OS/390's Workload Manager. No over-reaction necessary!

Keep Costs Down with the G5 or a G6

S/390 has all the support tools and automatic management systems that enable you to run your IT systems with the Minimum of Overhead.

S/390 can run many diverse workload types including ERP, Web serving, Data Mining, as well as the traditional on-line transaction processing (OLTP) and Batch needs of the business. Extra engine capacity can be shared among multiple workloads, together with memory and I/O, for true Resource Sharing.

The G5 and G6 with OS/390 are UNIX servers

UNIX applications consist of UNIX Processes that call system APIs. IBM has implemented these APIs directly into the core of OS/390.

UNIX processes are dispatched by the OS/390 dispatcher just like all other pieces of work on the OS/390 system. All security is handled via RACF (or an equivalent); all I/O is handled via DFSMS/MVS; all performance is reported via RMF (or equivalent)-- just like all other OS/390 workloads. UNIX applications on the S/390 platform get all the benefits available to "traditional" OS/390 applications. OS/390, as branded UNIX '95, has all the major interfaces and APIs that you would expect to find in UNIX systems. Check out the latest list of S/390 based applications, like SAP R/3, BAAN, PeopleSoft and Domino, at: www.ibm.com/s390/unix

Our customer's Actions speak Volumes about the New Culture

  • REI is one of the country's largest outdoor retailers. REI.COM, for REI's online commerce is not a test. It grew about 370% last year, and you're talking about a multi-million dollar company.

  • Imagine 80,000 traders in a stadium with a keyboard on their lap, accessing SCHWAB.COM at exactly the same time. Charles Schwab has over 2.2 million customers online. Sixty one percent of their trades (close to 7 billion dollars every week) happen on the Internet.

  • Lehigh Valley Safety Supply has been in business since 1978, with 22 employees and approximately 6.75 million in sales. SAFETYSHOES.COM sells steel-toed boots on the Internet, with plans to put up 270 styles online -- that's 15,000 items. Web-based commerce can be built a lot cheaper than an $80,000 shoe truck.

Are you ready to become an e-business? For over 30 years IBM has been the leader in On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP), so it is no wonder that IBM is in the best position to meet the demands of customers pursuing advanced e-commerce. IBM's Design Center for e-transaction processing expands the network of support available to IBM customers pursuing this goal. More about this exciting new solution enabler later.

Performance Advantages

The G6 servers provide excellent scalability in terms of additional performance benefit as the number of processors increase. In general, the G6, Model ZZ7, provides a capacity increase 45%-55% over the 9672-YX6.

The CMOS99 Family of processors provide a significant performance boost over the 9672-G5 processors. In general:

  • The models X17 through XX7 provide approximately 1.35 to 1.40 times the performance of corresponding 9672-T16 through RX6 models.

  • The models Z17 through ZX7 provide approximately 1.33 to 1.39 times the performance of the corresponding 9672-Y16 through YX6 models.

  • The 11-and 12-way models (XY7, XZ7, ZY7, and ZZ7) provide additional capacity for applications that can exploit additional engines such as applications developed for e.business as well as applications using the traditional interactive subsystems (CICS, IMS, and so on).

The performance improvements of the new 11 and 12 way models are highlighted below:

Relative to 9672-RX6       |    Relative to 9672-YX6
9672-XY7   1.45 -  1.49    |    9672-ZY7   1.41 - 1.45
9672-XZ7   1.50 -  1.59    |    9672-ZZ7   1.46 - 1.56
 

Detailed performance data will be available in the LSPR(1), available as follows:

  • LSPR: Internet June 15,1999

Note: (1) Contact your IBM representative for information how to access LSPR.

G5 and G6: Excellence in 1999

Up to 35% Performance Boost -- Model to Model, in 9 months

This performance boost is the result of designing a Processor Unit (PU) capable of performing at a faster cycle time, as well as designing a multichip module infrastructure that enables a greater number of PUs to work effectively within a Single System image. The G6 Xn7 models have a cycle time of 1.8 ns (10% to 25% faster than G5 models); The G6 Zn7 models have a cycle time of 1.57 ns (20% to 40% improvement over G5 models).

The maximum number of CPs available in a single system image has increased from 10 to 12. G6 Processor Units work in bi-nodal clusters of 7 (2 processor sets per system). G6, like G5, utilizes a processor on a chip and a system-on-module design. All levels of G6 memory (L1, L2, L3) are run at faster cycle times than G5 to support G6's PUs. The introduction of the G6 series within 9 months after the G5, has been accomplished due to design similarity and technology exploitation. CMOS 1999 models have a very extendable structure that assists in the exploitation of denser CMOS technology. Busses within the structure were initially designed to provide G6 models with enough bandwidth to prevent bottlenecks.

Multichip Module (MCM) Excellence, now 14 Processor Units (PUs)

The G6 MCM is very similar to G5's MCM. The 88 layer Glass ceramic substrate is used to provide high speed connections between 31 chips. G5 has 75 layers and 29 chips. Both G5 and G6 modules have 4224 pins, 6 thin film layers and 2 processor sets and plug into the same board. G6 models utilize the density of the copper interconnect technology, 7S, for extending the binodal cache structure from supporting 12 Processor Units to a 14 processor Uni model. G6's 7S CP chip is the same physical size as the G5. Both the G5 and G6 PU chip have 602 connections to the substrate. While the MCMs used in G6 use about 25% more energy than G5, (power ranges of 750 Watts to 970 Watts), the module energy demand is lower than the largest G4 module, but the performance has been increased as previously noted. All G6 and G5 model Y*6 MCMs are cooled using IBM's Modular Cooling Unit (MCU). MCU design, like IBM's power technology, incorporate an N+1 design point, enabling concurrent maintenance.

12-way Symmetric Multi-Processor (MP)

G6 has one of the best, MP ratios in the industry. Both G5 and G6 systems can scale efficiently with their common, robust system infrastructure, which minimizes contention and bottlenecks. The ability to predict likely branches to allow instructions to be placed in Level 1 cache for use by the CP logic is a function of the G5/G6 Branch history table. This enables data to be ready for the CP's instruction and execution units to operate on it without waiting for a fetch of data. Both G5 and G6 eliminated the need for an L2.5 cache by using an advanced binodal cache structure to optimize multiprocessor performance. G5's binodal cache structure was designed with busses necessary to handle more processors. CMOS 7S design gives increased density so that an additional processor can be added without flattening the MP curve. The Storage Control chip, which has the most signal paths of any chip in either G5 (1190) or G6 (1228), efficiently controls the access and storing of data in 4 SD (Level 2) chips. By using 7S technology, G6 has not only doubled the size of L2 (to 16 MB), compared to G5 (8 MB), the L2 memory interleaving was doubled. This increase is analogous to the supermarket decreasing customer cashout by doubling the cashier stations (the chance to wait is reduced by 50%, by doubling the interleaving). The larger cache and reduced chance of waiting yields up to 6% improvement in system throughput, with all other factors being held constant. A reduced cycle time reduces access time to memory even further. Even with an L2 miss, the faster G6 memory supports the CPs in a manner similar to G5. The availability of 14 PUs on a module gives added configuration flexibility to high-end N-way servers. G6 10-way models, the XX7 and ZX7, have the ability to be configured with 2 additional SAPs or ICFs; also these models have 2 spares that can be upgraded to CPs. Both G5s and G6s have PUs assigned in an optimized manner to yield consistent superior throughput and consistent performance, even if a sparing action takes place.

Modular Cooling Unit (MCU) Value

The G6s MCU is a closed loop liquid cooling subsystem similar to the Modular Cooling Unit used on the largest G5 Turbo models, but at a lower temperature range (about 0 degrees C). IBM's MCU incorporates R13 4A, an environmentally friendly refrigerant. IBM's MCU N+1 design closed loop cooling system increases the reliability of the server technology, and one half of the MCU may be serviced concurrently while the system is running. MCU sensors detect the installation site's air temperature and humidity and adjust the server interior environment accordingly.

Cache Hierarchy Comparison -- Cycle Time/Access Time

When compared to models G4 and G5 levels 1, 2, and 2.5 caches, the G6 dense cache and interleaving allow the processor to avoid lengthy waits for data from main memory. G6s need to go to main memory less often, and when G6s do, they are significantly faster than previous generations of CMOS servers. G6s are 60% faster than G4s in getting data from L3. The robust cache structure in G6 models has increased the cache hit ratio and decreased the time required for fetches--a winning combination to improve application throughput on both single engines and multiprocessors. The shared cache structure of G6 models is one of the densest and fastest in the world, if not THE densest and fastest in the world, with 120 million transistors on the chip.

IBM's Tower Strategy for G5 and G6 Servers

IBM 9672 Parallel Enterprise Server models Generation 5 and 6 have 6 towers, or upgrade pathways. G5 has 4 towers, RA6-RB6, R16-RD6, T16-RX6, Y16-YX6. G6 models have 2 towers, X17-XZ7 and Z17-ZZ7. Within a tower models can be upgraded non disruptively via Licensed Internal Code (LIC) for permanent upgrades or temporary Capacity Backup Upgrades (CBUs). IBM can, therefore, leverage its service structure with CMOS technology to provide customers fast, non-disruptive, upgrades or CBU, if customers can plan a growth strategy within a tower, or MCM path. G5 and G6 upgrades within a tower (that use the same MCM and cycle time) can be concurrently upgraded.

Capacity Backup Upgrades: G6 models (except XZ7 and ZZ7) can be configured with processor units reserved for capacity backup capabilities. The combination of CBU fast activation (authorization) and non-disruptive upgrades allows a 1-way to upgrade up to a 12-way G6.

S/390 Generation 5 and Generation 6: The Balanced System

The Generation 6 server continues the Parallel Enterprise Server tradition of blending architecture, hardware and software, to create a completely balanced solution that meets the robust demands of a dynamically changing IT industry. While incredibly fast processor cycle times and massive clustering of processors provide for interesting reading and debates, it is the capability of actually being able to apply that power to solve today's business requirements that makes a Generation 6 server an industry leader, for example:

  • Growing traditional workloads and new workloads being migrated to S/390 platforms are driving the need for more performance. The Generation 6 server has responded by using the latest copper CMOS technology and 12 production processors increase system performance by 50%.

  • E-business was just a vision a few years ago, and now it is a major force in driving the demand for faster LAN, WAN, and telecommunication speeds. The Generation 6 server has responded by supporting up to 12 OSA-Express features to alleviate LAN backbone bottlenecks.

  • Internet, intranet, Web enablements and new data intensive applications are placing massive amounts of data on networks that were unheard of when the Ethernet 1492 byte Maximum Transmission Unit frame size was defined.

    The Generation 6 server has responded by supporting up to 9000 byte jumbo frame sizes with OSA-Express' Gigabit Ethernet features.

  • Today's business environment has created an increase in TCP/IP traffic and bandwidth.

    The Generation 6 server along with OS/390 V2R7 has responded with a new, highly efficient TCP/IP "fast path" through the system called Queued Direct Input/Output (QDIO).

  • Competing in today's high speed business environment demands business intelligence and high speed decisions. That requires data -- lots of data -- that must be available and available now.

    The Generation 6 server responds with an available 24 FICON channels.

  • New high capacity architectures require new ways of thinking about performance.

    To assist in this change, RMF reporting is being enhanced in support of FICON and Gbe. With this support, a user can now perform root cause analysis to address possible bandwidth bottlenecks.

Increased processor capacity, additional high bandwidth channels and faster Open Systems Adapters to match, and support tools make it all work in harmony. Now that's how you get on the road to the Web, with the G5 or G6 with OS/390 technology.

G6 Technology Excellence: Capacity Upgrades on Demand--Update

Your new e-business application on the Web...it's dynamite, and it's getting the traffic that you hoped for. Your system has a reserve of power offline to handle all the hits. Or picture this. You've told your business analysts that they now have access to all the company's business intelligence data. They're ecstatic. Response time could slow to a crawl in the present configuration. You knew you might need processing power to meet demands of your success and you didn't want to disrupt current operations when you wanted more horsepower. How did you do this? The answer is simple. You used IBM's Capacity Upgrade on Demand (CUoD). It enabled you to start small, then increase processing capacity without disrupting any of your current operations. You've faced your worst fear -- unsatisfied processing demand -- and solved it with CUoD.

IBM's Capacity Upgrade on Demand -- One Year's Experience: A series of recent announcements by other server vendors concerning their versions of processor capacity-on-demand have prompted comparisons to IBM's Capacity Upgrade on Demand, announced early last year (January 1999). Your IBM representative can more fully describe how IBM's basic CUoD is unparalleled in offering flexibility and latent capacity implementation, especially with the following benefits:

  • Minimum system configuration
  • No extra charge for reserve capacity (maximum or minimum)
  • Highest availability
  • Asset management
  • ISV license management

All of IBM's G5/G6 servers (installed and new shipments) support CUoD. There is no premium at initial purchase of the G5 or G6 server, or at subsequent activation via CUoD. Customers obtain the price at the time of the upgrade rather than being locked into a predetermined price at initial acquisition.

S/390's Logical Partition manager, PR/SM, permits reassignment of dedicated CPs between logical partitions by varying off a CP in one partition and reassigning it to another. In this case, the same physical CP resource is reassigned and there is no cost penalty for the flexibility. The IBM G5/G6 offline CPs also provide a hot and dynamic spare substitution benefit in case of an active CP failure.

IBM's CUoD does not require the bureaucracy of tracking RTU licenses or a special maintenance contract for inactive CPUs. IBM has provided a special instruction that enables ISVs to monitor capacity increase and maintain the automated management of software licenses. CUoD upgrades use the standard upgrade order process. Required code for the upgrade can be delivered in as little as one day. IBM Service can install the code for concurrent and immediate activation (presence of a trained IBM Service Representative during the upgrade can further mitigate outage risks). We now have available exciting new customer options available in the United States and Canada:

  • Single-Step CUoD (RPQ #8P1998), which pre-approves your server to receive a concurrently installable, permanent LIC upgrade, to a preplanned target capacity. This RPQ eliminates order-process and logistics turnaround times. Your IBM Service Representative can download the necessary Licensed Internal Code for upgrade in minutes.

  • Multi-Step CUoD (RPQ #8P1999), which pre-installs LIC on your server which can then be password activated to a preplanned target capacity. This upgrade requires a follow-on permanent LIC load, within 90 days, when a system outage is convenient.

These RPQs are administered as attachments to the "IBM Customer Agreement" and enable reduced implementation time of an enterprise's activation request, from the former cycle of 1 to 5 days, to minutes. See your IBM representative for details, and for availability outside of North America.

Additional CUoD Enhancements

Reserved CP Support in LPAR Mode: S/390's PR/SM has been enhanced to further take advantage of CUoD. A Logical Partition (LPAR) may now be defined with the number of logical CPs greater than the number of physical CPs. Reserved CPs can be specified for the logical partition definition beyond the number of physical CPs currently installed on the model. Therefore, an enterprise planning to do a nondisruptive upgrade (with an LPAR defined of logical CPs equal to the number of physical CPs) does not need to deactivate, redefine, then reactivate in order to take advantage of the new CPs that have been installed. The enterprise simply needs to have defined reserved CPs for the LPAR in advance. This enhancement ensures that any planned logical partition can be as large as the possible physical machine configuration, nondisruptively.

R06 -- Now CUoD-Capable: New Licensed Internal Code (LIC) allows engines to be added dynamically to the R06 and to the LPARs that are running the CFC Code. Prior to the latest Licensed Internal Code, CUoD for R06 models was not supported. One point to remember: more horsepower will also need more link bandwidth. Coupling Facility receiver channels cannot be dynamically added to the system. Therefore, they must be pre-installed (all the receiver links the installation would require in support of more engines). Remember also that the upgrade path of the R06 depends upon the MCM that was originally shipped with the unit.

CUoD Planning Guide: One year's experience with leading- edge customers has helped our account teams to identify the primary planning issues when planning ahead for nondisruptive capacity upgrades. IBM's Account Planning Guide provides S/390 installations with a roadmap to implement Capacity Upgrade on Demand (CUoD). The guide describes model capacity decisions within IBM's G5 and G6 server "tower" philosophy, necessary Licensed Internal Code requirements, PR/SM configuration tips, and many other planning considerations derived from customer "hands-on" planning of CUoD. Be sure to use the Guide's "Summary Final Checklist" as a cross check to your plan. The latest revision of the popular Account Planning Guide for S/390: Capacity Upgrade on Demand may be found at:

http://www.s390.ibm.com/pes/apg/

Capacity Upgrade on Demand (CUoD) function adds one or more Central Processors (CPs) or shared Internal Coupling Facilities (ICFs) non- disruptively. CPs can be added to the G5 or G6 server with no system power down and no associated re-IML/IPLs. Initially CUoD will non- disruptively add processing capacity to OS/390 and VM/ESA native configurations and shared CP PR/SM partitions only. With CUoD it is possible to only add Processor Units (PUs). Removing a PU is disruptive today and will continue to be disruptive.

The Capacity Upgrade on Demand function is based on new S/390 Configuration Reporting Architecture. Configuration Reporting architecture provides detailed information on system wide changes to the number of configured CPs, system serial number, plant of manufacture, CPU address, and other information. Key to the functioning of CUoD is a new instruction. The Store System Information (STSI) instruction allows the operating system and the application software to dynamically determine the processing capacity of the S/390 server. The powerful Store System Information instruction can provide reporting of information on the general system, on all CPs, on a single CP, System serial numbers, functional characteristics, quantity and multiprocessor related data, information on LPAR and VM guest support.

Operating System Requirements

The installation must run OS/390 Release 1 or higher, with APAR OW37091 or VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2 or higher with required APAR VM62075.

Note: OS/390 with APAR OW37091 does not support CUoD as a VM guest unless the VM APAR VM62075 is applied to VM.

Ground rules: CUoD will not be applicable:

  • If a model requires an engine size or cycle time change from the existing model. For example, an RA6 can not upgrade to an R16, nor can an R16 upgrade to a RB6. Examples of nondisruptive, valid upgrades are: RA6 to RB6; R16 to R26, RC6 to RD6; T16 to T26, R36, R46, R56, R66, R76, R86, R96, RX6; R36 to R46, R56, R66; R76 to R86, R96, RX6; Y16 to Y26, Y36, Y46, Y56, Y66, Y76, Y86, Y96, YX6; X17 to X27, X37, X47, X57, X67, X77, X87, X97, XX7, XY7, XZ7; Z17 to Z27, Z37, Z47, Z57, Z67, Z77, Z87, Z97, ZX7, ZY7, ZZ7. Refer to the Plan-Ahead Planning Guide for more paths.

  • If a new MCM is required: MCM boundaries are:

    1. RD6 (top of the 6 PU module)

    2. R66 (top of the 8 PU module). Note this exclusion can be lifted by use of feature 7990, 12 PU "super-sizer", and feature 1998.

    3. RX6 (top of 12 PU)

    4. YX6 (top of Turbo 12 PU)

    5. XZ7 (top of X models)

    6. ZZ7 (top of G6 family)

    Upgrades that cross MCM boundaries will still be available after the CUoD function is enabled. An MCM change will continue to be disruptive.

  • If a second Crypto coprocessor is required, such as models RA6, R16, T16, Y16, X17, or Z17, (which utilize one crypto coprocessor), an IML is necessary to enable the second crypto coprocessor (if the RA6 has upgraded to a RB6, an R16 to a R26, a T16 to a T26, a Y16 to a Y26, an X17 to a X27, or a Z17 to a Z27).

  • If an additional SAP must be added: This only affects the R36, R46, R56 and R66 when upgrading to a R76, R86, R96 or RX6. If a second SAP has been added prior to upgrading, the upgrade can be concurrent. Also, feature 7990 and feature 1998 allow models R36, R46, R56, and R66 to be upgraded to models R76, R86, R96 and RX6 using CUoD.

  • If a logical processing unit is added to an LPAR partition: LPAR partitions must be deactivated and the partition redefined to add a logical processor. Then the partition must be reactivated and the applications reIPLed without affecting other partitions.

Installations must also understand that Memory and I/O must be planned in advance to avoid outages associated with installing new memory cards or disruptive-type I/O card installation. The Concurrent Conditioning feature, #1999, mitigates disruptions caused by memory and I/O, if followed.

Activation of CUoD function is controlled by IBM. IBM software charges that are based on the capacity of the processor(s), on which the software is installed, will be adjusted to the maximum capacity of the processor(s) made available to the installation, after activation of the CUoD function.

Using the Concurrent Conditioning Feature #1999:

Available on New Build or Upgrades to all G6 models: Not Applicable to model R06

The Concurrent Conditioning Feature assists customers wishing to exploit the Capacity Upgrade on Demand function by conditioning a G6 for concurrent I/O installation and planning the installation in advance of disruptive additions (for example memory) that would prevent a concurrent upgrade. This involves:

  • Determining the correct MCM from which higher models can be upgraded.

  • Determining the memory required for additional capacity. MEMORY UPGRADES are disruptive and will continue to be disruptive. Memory requirements must be analyzed. Once the future memory requirement is known, the appropriate memory can be ordered and either pre-installed or else identified to the site that installation of additional memory will be disruptive.

    The following summarizes the minimum and maximum G6 memory offerings by model:

    • Models X17 through ZZ7: Min 5 GB - Max 32 GB

  • Analyzing Software releases and LIC release schedule. As migration to new releases are disruptive, migrations must be addressed.

The Concurrent Conditioning feature allows the S/390 order process to code a server configuration so that it is properly configured for a future concurrent capacity upgrade. The general rules for this feature follow:

  1. Use the order process configurator to define a future ("T0-BE") configuration.

  2. The TO-BE configuration will specified to include up to 3 I/O cages.

  3. The TO-BE configuration will be determined by first executing the configurator then adding any features that are desired in the TO-BE configuration.

  4. The configurator will then allow the user to process a CURRENT configuration for the server order that is the initial, or starting server configuration.

  5. The features and cables plugged and placed in the CURRENT server configuration, in preparation for the TO-BE configuration will be indicated as hot-pluggable or not hot-pluggable.

  6. Any feature or cable that is not hot-pluggable must be installed in the CURRENT server configuration in order to condition the system for the nondisruptive addition of future features.

  7. The CURRENT configuration is determined by subtracting the results of the TO-BE Server configuration, from the results of the CURRENT server configuration, then adding the features that are NOT hot- pluggable/unpluggable.

  8. Features in the CURRENT configuration will be balanced across the I/O cages that are installed.

  9. All cables will be installed, STI to FIBB and so on.

  10. The configurator will allow ICFs, SAPs and Memory Features to be over-ridden, if the user opts to install fewer features in the CURRENT configuration, than identified in the TO-BE configuration. If necessary feature counts are overridden, a warning message advises that the upgrade is disruptive when the TO-BE configuration is activated.

  11. Two reports will be provided: a CHPID report for the CURRENT configuration and a PLANNING report for the TO-BE configuration.

  12. TO-BE configurations are available for both New Build and MESs.

  13. MES orders will not re-balance the base configuration.

  14. If the user configures an MES using the Concurrent Conditioning feature #1999, and does not add any new features to the base system, the only cards or cables moved, added or deleted will be to satisfy the TO-BE configuration.

  15. Certain I/O Feature Exchanges or Feature Conversions may apply to the TO-BE configuration. Refer to the Order Configurator for specific situations.

PR/SM Configurations supporting Multiple Partitions that Share a Pool of CPs, support Concurrent CP Upgrades. PR/SM code, once signalled that one or more CPs have been made available to the configuration, will vary them on line automatically into the "shared pool" of CPs, and begin full utilization of the added capacity. For example, a pool of 8 physical CPs are shared between 2 LPARs--one LPAR is defined to have 6 logical CPs and the other is defined to have 3 logical CPs (for a total of 9 logical CPs). A physical CP can be added to the active pool of 8 CPs to effectively increase the available sharable pool capacity among the partitions, to 9 CPs.

The Internal Coupling Facility processor on the G5 G6 are separately purchased, and are treated differently than a spare PU. The ICF may also be a CF partition configured on the server. The ICF shares the exclusion of software license charges like the R06 or a 9674. Coupling capacity that does not incur software charges lowers the cost of configuring systems in a Parallel Sysplex. By using the server's infrastructure (power, cooling, mechanical, memory, logic, service element) for coupling, an ICF reduces the power, cooling and space costs versus what a standalone Coupling Facility such as a 9674 or a R06 would be. An ICF processor may also have reduced maintenance charges over an earlier generation of standalone Coupling Facility which has thousands of parts to maintain in addition to the Coupling Facility Control Code. The reduced maintenance price of an ICF reflects the lower maintenance required by an ICF, over a Standalone Coupling Facility (9674 or R06).

When using a partitioned ICF as a Coupling Facility, it is advantageous to have 2 or more OS/390 partitions to take advantage of continuous operations protection from software outages. Individual OS/390 partitions can be taken down for maintenance or OS/390 release upgrade, without suffering application outage. This is done through data sharing provided by the remaining LPARS in the system.

Dynamic ICF expansion allows an ICF logical partition to acquire additional processing power from a pool of shared CPs executing normal OS/390 production or test work for the system. This has been called an L shaped LPAR for CFs. This capability makes the ICF an ideal backup for either a standalone coupling facility or another system's ICF(s) which may have more coupling capacity. If an ICF processor fails, even running dedicated, an available spare PU can be dynamically switched in to substitute for the failed processor, transparent to the CFCC Licensed Internal Code running on that processor.

G5/G6's ICF is attractive for both test and production workloads. The G5 and G6 have improved coupling connections. One in particular, the Internal Coupling (IC) channel is ideal for an ICF coupling to the OS/390 partition(s) inside the same CEC with more efficiency than any other coupling link. The linkless IC couples with more efficiency and in a more cost-effective manner than physical channels. IC channel paths are defined on otherwise blocked CHIPID numbers. The IC reduces the cost of Parallel Sysplex while improving its performance. G5/G6's other new coupling connection, the Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB), has approximately 280 MB/sec bandwidth or 3 times the maximum bandwidth of the improved coupling links on G3 and G4 HiPerLinks. The performance boost from the ICBs connecting G5/G6 together with the reduced cost and minimized complexity of ICFs is a valuable combination.

ICFs are ideal for coupling Resource Sharing, or Systems Enabled Parallel Sysplexes. Simplified systems management can be achieved by using XCF structures versus ESCON Channel to Channel connections. Improved scalability is possible while Systems Enabled when either GRS STAR or RACF is used. With GRS Star, the traditional ring mode protocol for enqueue propagation is replaced by a star topology where the CF (or ICF) is the hub. By using the GRS STAR, enqueue service times can be reduced up to 10X. RACF can leverage command propagation in a Sysplex to refresh each System's copy of the RACF database. One step further is when RACF caches its entire database in the CF. This provides high speed access to security profiles.

ICFs like either a standalone R06 or a 9674 Coupling Facility, need configuration planning to account for memory and links. ICFs will likely increase memory requirements, especially if software exploits the CF to provide additional function not available except when running a CF in a Parallel Sysplex.

A production Resource Sharing environment, with two ICFs, will not compromise sysplex availability or integrity. The following is an example of two systems each with an ICF:

 | SYSTEM 1                       SYSTEM 2     |
 |------------------            ---------------|
 |OS/390 Image 1  |   Coupling  |OS/390 Image 2|
 |-------------------============--------------|
 |ICF             |  Connection |ICF           |
 |XCF Signaling   |  (ICB or    |XCF Signaling |
 | Logger Operlog |  HiPerLink) |Logger Logrec |
 | RACF Primary   |             |Shared Tape   |
 | Batch Pipes    |             |RACF Secondary|
 |                |             |GRS           |
 | JES2           |             |              |
 

The combination of an ICF and the following software in a Resource Sharing (Systems Enabled) Parallel Sysplex produces significant benefits to customers without full datasharing.

For additional information on exploiters, refer to CF Configuration Alternatives: A Positioning Paper GF225042 on the Parallel Sysplex home page.

Two ICFs are the preferred solution for Resource Sharing Parallel Sysplexes and either 2 Standalone CFs or 1 Standalone CF and an ICF for backup are the preferred solution for full data sharing (IMS, DB2, VSAM/RLS) Parallel Sysplexes.

Special Configuration Fast Activation (CBU Fast Activate) For customers with a valid Attachment for S/390 Emergency Backup Upgrade in place and the appropriate Capacity Backup features identified (engines are identified by feature #7994, #7995, #7996, #7997 or #7998 depending on model) an option to electronically activate their Capacity Backup Configuration is available.

Note: Activation of CBU by a test diskette or by a CE with a diskette from IBM Poughkeepsie Product Engineering will continue to be a valid activation option.

Note: Secure accounts will require an IBM service representative on site for activation of the CBU function.

Connectivity Enabler: Systems Assist Processor (SAP) Capacity

G5/G6 servers have been designed to provide enough SAP capacity for TPF and non-TPF workloads. The SAP capacity of G5/G6s will vary with workload environments and the model. It is possible to have up to 5 additional SAPs for a total of 7 SAPs on some G5/G6 models. The SAP performance is characterized in the following ways:

  • In an ideal laboratory capacity benchmarking environment where there is no contention for channels, ESCON directors, Control Units or devices, a G5 SAP has the capacity to process 37,000 start subchannels/second (ssch/sec). G5 or G6 models with 2 SAPs standard have a capacity of 74,000 ssch/sec.

  • TPF environments where requests may get queued at the channel instead of the SAP have a capacity of 20,000 to 24,000 ssch/sec. G5/G6s with 2 SAPs standard have a capacity in the TPF environment of 40,000 to 48,000 ssch/sec.

  • Non-TPF environments where ESCON path busy conditions are redriven by the SAP (assume 1 redrive for each ssch) have a capacity of 12,000 to 15,000 ssch/sec. G5 and G6 models with 2 SAPs standard have a capacity of 24,000 to 30,000 start ssch/sec. Higher I/O rates are possible with better tuned configurations and if additional SAPs are added. Conversely lower rates are also possible with poorly tuned environments.

Shared ICF Processors on a 9672-Rn6, Yn6, Xn7, Zn7

This new function defines ICFs as shared processors in an LPAR partition on the same server that has the potential for an OS/390 partition. Currently, CPs may be shared between any partitions, and ICFs may be shared in 9672-R06 partitions, but ICFs may not be shared when an OS/390 partition may also be defined. Given IBM's strategy towards all CF partitions using ICFs, it is necessary to support shared ICFs in this configuration to allow the same functions as when CPs are defined.

A significant number of installations define both a production and a test CF partition on the same machine, with processors shared between the two (with the production CF having a higher weight). As more workloads are enabled for full availability using ICF partitions on a CPC (with one or more OS/390 partitions) more installations may be constrained to one CF partition.

RMF supports multiple CP types, reported via Diagnose 204 and 224; SPEs will be available June 1999. An upcoming architecture will define 1-byte codes for CP types (general purpose and ICF) so that the partition data report can separate the two shared pools of processors (CPs and ICFs).

Shared ICFs are required in order to nondisruptively add ICFs to future configurations with CUoD. Adding ICFs nondisruptively to a shared pool of ICFs is enabled with code.

S/390 Resource Sharing on G5 and G6 Servers:

S/390 Resource Sharing is the superior way to run multiple systems even in a non-database datasharing environment. Resource Sharing requires no standalone coupling facility. In most cases all necessary components are in the installation's environment today, enabling a drop- in of system-provided functions.

S/390 Resource Sharing is available via a combination of S/390 functions (for example, G5/G6's ICF, ICB, IC and OS 390 Release 7 with Shared Catalog).

Background

As businesses grow and corporate data centers consolidate under the same organization, the number of configured LPARs (OS/390 Images) increase as a natural result. While OS/390 can easily handle the mixture of varied workloads under the same image, in many cases workloads do not get merged. Therefore, the number of LPARs an installation has to support continues to grow, as business requirements grow. Each O/S 390 LPAR, regardless of whether they are on a single server footprint or across multiple footprints, require basic resources to function such as datasets, tape drives, consoles, log data, system catalog, access to the JES2 checkpoint, and so on. S/390 Resource Sharing takes these resources that are common across multiple logical partitions and manages them as a single shared resource, coordinated with the use of Coupling Technology to provide ease of management, operations, improved performance/scalability and reduced total cost of computing.

In a single footprint environment, the IBM G5 and G6 servers are optimally suited to manage the multiple shared resources across LPARs, with the most cost effective and the best ease-of-use solution available. S/390 Resource Sharing, together with the fundamental computing power of G5 and G6 servers, running Internal Coupling Facilities (ICFs), connected to by Internal Coupling channels (ICs), and PR/SM code, enable a single point of control for shared system resources. This foundation to minimize resource duplication is achieved with no additional server hardware.

Images distributed across multiple footprints also gain with installation of G5 or G6 servers for the same reasons identified with single footprint examples, with additional support of S/390's exclusive Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB).

Availability with resource sharing is not compromised, as failure independence is not a requirement. (Refer to "CF alternatives", a white paper on IBM's Parallel Sysplex Web site for more details.)

S/390 Resource Sharing is easily configured. Over 1200 customers are currently using one or more of the exploiter examples listed below, in both multi-CEC and single CEC environment.

Exploiter               Function                     Benefit
------------------------------------------------------------------------
OS/390 XCF Star      High Speed Signaling         Simplified System Def.
(Signalling)
OS/390 System Logger OPERLOG and LOGREC logstream Improved Systems Mgt
OS/390 Allocation    Shared Tape                  Resource sharing/
                                                  reduce cost
OS/390GRS Star       Resource Serialization       Improved ENQ/DEQ
Security Server      (RACF)                       High speed access
                                                  to security profiles
                                                  (Performance)
JES2                 Checkpoint                   Systems Management
SmartBatch           Cross Systems Batchpipes     Load  Balancing
VTAM GR (non LU6.2)  Generic Resource for TSO     Session Balance/avail
OS/390 Shared Cat.   Shared Master/User Catalogs  Sys Perf, Mgmnt  cost
 

For additional information on eploiters, refer to: Value of Resource Sharing white paper GF225115 on the Parallel Sysplex home page, at http\\s390.ibm.com/pso/library.

IBM Global Services has a series of service offerings to assist you with installation of S/390 Resource Sharing. This is described at: http://www.ibm.com/support

or directly via

http://www.as.ibm.com/asus/mus08d1.html

IBM Operational Support Services for Parallel Sysplex Exploitation

  • Customizing your Parallel Sysplex installation and Systems Exploitation:
    • 0001 - System Logger for Operation Log/Logout Recorder
    • 0002 - GRS Ring to GRS Star Conversion
    • 0004 - Shared Tape Implementation
    • 0011 - VTAM for Generic Resources
    • 0012 - Sysplex Message Traffic Analysis
    • 0003 - ARM implementation

  • Automation and Operations
    • 0013 - Remote Console Operations Design
    • 0014 - Remote Console Operations Implementation
    • 0015 - System and Workload Startup and Shutdown Analysis

IBM's Design Center for e-transaction processing.

Integrating all the systems that are required to complete the "business transaction" over the Web is what becoming an e-business is all about. Enabling all of the IT transactions to complete end-to-end in real time, without intervention, is what Advanced Transaction Processing is all about. Advanced Transaction Processing is the enabling technology that permits companies to create systems that can handle both the increasing volume and the increasing sophistication of e-business transactions in a secure, highly available environment, Industry leaders are totally integrating their existing business systems with the Web. More than that, they are using Internet technologies to integrate these business systems with each other, into a seamless whole that permits complete, end-to-end business transactions to happen in real time. It's permitting them to totally transform the way they do business. In some cases new leaders are emerging, in other cases today's leaders are enhancing their position; in all cases having a e-commerce strategy with an IT structure that can meet the pressures that on-line e-commerce presents will be key to maintaining a leadership position. Doing all of the necessary integration, with scalability and high qualities of service may be a challenge at any level, especially if IT is not your core business. For over 30 years IBM has been the leader in On-Line Transaction Processing (OLTP), IBM is positioned to meet the requirements of businesses pursuing advanced e-business; to further enable business transition IBM is announcing its Design Center for e-transaction processing. This center expands the network of support available to businesses striving to excel in advanced e-business. Customers can understand state of the art technologies and optimum practices for advanced e-business. Learning is only the start of the path to advanced e-business; within the center, businesses may personally build their advanced e-business applications constructing an end to end e-business environment customized and proven against individual business objectives --the right path for your business success.

IBM will work with you through the entire process; helping you with the design of the application, choice of technologies and ensuring sure not only that all parts work together, but all elements can handle the explosive growth that successful applications expect in the Web world.

IBM's Commitment to e-business at the Center

  • Help business with their vision of advanced e-business achieve their goal.

  • Verify the capability of appropriate products with validated design practice, and test, of a business' proposed solution to e-business implementation.

  • Ensure business customers may demonstrate e-commerce leadership, with their applications developed through the center.

Who Comes to the Center? The center is designed to help customers pursuing very advanced e-business implementations.

  • Complexity of the implementation. Priority will be given to first of a kind usage.

What will a business find at the Center? The center's focus is on the build and run portion of the e-business cycle. Customers may come back at a later date as new technologies and their needs evolve but the focus will be to exploit their existing IT infrastructure in combination with the latest internet and application technologies.

  • The center will integrate links with the thought leadership in IBM research, Santa Theresa, Hursley, Websphere and Server Group to partner with businesses and develop the most effective implementation for their current requirements as well as growth and flexibility for future needs.

The Center will provide

  • Education-Tailored to Application Needs
    • Application Framework, Java, Component Broker, EJB
    • Use of Web Technologies, connectors, etc.
    • Best Design Practices for Scalable Web Commerce Applications
    • UNIX, TCP/IP
    • Net.commerce

  • Application-specific assistance:
    • Design consulting
    • Capacity Planning
    • Implementation Planning

  • Lab and tools access:
    • Web Design Tools
    • Application Design Tools
    • Testing Tools
    • Sample Programs

  • Application Prototyping
    • All connections, SW Levels/Products
    • Demonstrate functionality
    • Limited Stress Testing

  • Access to Internet Security Skills

What happens upon completion of the Center's project? After successful completion of their residency in the center the customer and the accompanying service professional (such as an IBM Business Partner or Systems Integrator) may either move to other centers in IBM for benchmarking or to take the application built at the center to higher scale levels (Dallas, Montpelier, or Gaithersburg) or return to their own location for completion of the project within their own data center. A warm transfer with the services team by virtue of their participation in the center activity ensures no time or knowledge is lost in that transfer.

New Cryptographic Security Options

Introducing the IBM PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor (PCICC): Events in IBM's support of cryptographic requirements include:

  • 09/97-- OS/390 Version 2 Release 4 integrates ICSF V2.1 into Base functions.

  • 10/97-- Generation 4 servers ship IBM S/390 CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessors as a standard, no-charge function.

  • 02/98-- OS/390 V2 (and OS/390 V1 with ICSF) add support for SET, CVV, and CVC (Visa/MasterCard verification code support), PKDS, and T-DES on Generation 4 servers (implemented in Licensed Internal Code).

  • 09/98-- OS/390 V2 adds support for Double Key Mac, SSL, enhanced CKDS panel, and RSA Key Generation (imported from TKE only).

  • 09/98-- Generation 5 servers support T-DES implemented in hardware.

  • 01/99-- IBM S/390 CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessors on all generations of S/390 Parallel Enterprise Servers receive U.S. Government FIPS 140-1 Level 4 certification -- the highest rating available.

  • 02/00-- IBM's PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor (PCICC) is introduced on G5 and G6 servers.

New for 2000, the IBM PCI Cryptographic Coprocesser (PCICC) is an orderable feature that adds additional cryptographic function and cryptographic performance to G5/G6 servers. A fully configured PCICC implementation on the G5 or G6 server can process up to one thousand 1024-bit RSA Private Key Decryptions per second. Each PCICC feature is built around an IBM 4758-2 PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor card embedded in an adapter package for installing within a G5 or G6 server. Support for PCICC will be provided by OS/390 V2R9 with new ICSF functions. The IBM PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor feature coexists and augments the IBM CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor, standard on G5 and G6 servers. ICSF will transparently route application requests for cryptographic services. Either a CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor or a PCICC will be invoked (depending on performance or cryptographic function) to perform the cryptographic operation. For example, the IBM CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor performs synchronous functions (such as those used in the Triple DES standard) but does not execute certain asynchronous functions such as RSA Key Generation -- which will be performed on the PCICC. Up to eight PCICC features can be ordered to provide increasing cryptographic processing capacity as customers expand their usage of e-business applications requiring cryptographic processing.

New Functions: PCICC provides several additional functions to enhance the security of public/private key encryption processing:

  • RSA Key generation for public/private key pair generation

  • 2048-bit RSA signature generation

  • Retained Key support (RSA private keys generated and kept stored within the secure hardware boundary)

Please refer to the Supplemental section of this announcement for a content description of the automated order process information.

Capacity BackUp: Enhancements for 2000

The G5/G6 Capacity BackUp capability enables enterprises to provide flexible, cost-effective Disaster Recovery on their S/390 servers. Additional refinements in the CBU verification process, via IBM's Remote Service Facility (RSF), have significantly shortened the CBU Activation time. Where applicable, the CBU authorization turnaround should take approximately 5 minutes. This process is called CBU Automatic Password Authentication. Upon operator request, the G5/G6 server will call home via RSF, verify authorization, and automatically unlock the increased server capacity. CBU Smart Reactivation reduces potential outage duration, during a disaster event, if an MCM needs to be changed (while CBU is activated). Expedited Install/Bringup Time for CBU Implementation enables installations to copy Activation and SAD profiles at any time and restore them at any time. CBU Licensed Internal Code is now associated to a specific server serial number (to protect the installation from erroneous CBU activation on the wrong server).

New CBU Customer Reference Document: The publication - Emergency Backup/Capacity Backup User's Guide (form number GC38-0612) is an aid for personnel involved in the planning of Emergency Backup (EBU)/Capacity Backup (CBU) function. The document is comprised of two sections: Main and Appendix. The Main section is oriented to IBM's support personnel. The Appendix is provided to IBM customers for EBU/CBU ordering and planning activities. Copies may be ordered through your IBM representative.

Greater than 3X Increase in Subchannel Addresses for G5/G6 Servers

Another proof point of IBM's balanced system design: Larger disks such as the industry-leading IBM ESS disk subsystem and new disk functions coupled with bigger and faster processors will rapidly utilize all 80K HSA subchannel addresses that are currently allowed in S/390 systems. To address this potential limit to efficient utilization of the IBM S/390 CMOS servers' power and end-to-end bandwidth capabilities, the current subchannel capability is being increased to 288K subchannels. This increase will be good news to those customers that are actively engaged in fully exploiting ESS disk subsystems, remote copy technology, "snap" technology (snap copy on RVA and flash copy on ESS), the Parallel Access Volume feature on the ESS disk subsystem, or server consolidation through the use of LPARs. The 288K HSA subchannel support will provide immediate relief to those customers who are increasing the number of applications within a single system and were previously constrained by the number of subchannels. This increase will also benefit the sharing of channels across LPARS using MIF, which comes into play in Sysplex, GDPS, and ESS -- almost 4X the previous limit. (The 36K subchannel/LPAR limit remains). Customers need to consider that when device addressing capabilities are significantly expanded, there may be additional HSA storage required to accommodate the increase in the associated configuration tables. In some instances where the current HSA requirement is near a storage boundary, additional memory may need to be allocated.

FICON Channel Capacity Increased to 36 on G6 Enterprise Servers

Channel requirements for Enterprise Server class systems are driven by several considerations. While an enterprise has historically focused on "channel count," the primary issue is adequate connectivity to provide acceptable performance and availability. Moreover, today's e-business environment (in which workloads may radically deviate from a legacy design concept) may actually exceed the original design point of older channel architectures. Connectivity options then, are:

  • Increase the total channel count

  • Better utilize existing channels

  • Provide new channel types with more throughput and connectivity capability

Increasing the total channel count requires more infrastructure, both within the system and within the data center; this includes power, footprint, cables, patch panels, switch ports, systems management, and configuration management. Moreover, exploitation of new technology, such as link speeds or I/O device capacities, cannot be fully leveraged by new workloads in an old design point environment.

The other two options, more throughput capability and better utilization of existing channels, are the foundation of the FICON strategy. The FICON connectivity solution is based on industry-standard Fibre Channel technology and leverages our exclusive native FICON architecture. FICON has been submitted to the National Committee for Information Technology Standards (NCITS) for consideration and potential adoption as a new industry standard for large-scale data transfer. FICON was specifically created to meet the I/O bandwidth and connectivity demands of today's e-business workloads while also providing significant benefit to more traditional business applications. A quick technology fix may be expedient, but Enterprise Server class customers demand a total solution. IBM is aware of this requirement and has created a complete migration offering with the FICON Bridge feature on the 9032-005 ESCON Director to allow customers to begin the migration to this new environment, and has introduced leading-edge storage function and performance capabilities with the Enterprise Storage System with more to come! World-class Enterprise Server technology (G5/G6) and storage (ESS) demands a robust I/O connectivity solution that supports fast devices and link speeds, greater addressability, extended distance topology, and increased control unit intelligence. The response to that demand for a more capable channel is FICON.

More capable channels require less physical channels and ease demands on the infrastructure. This can translate into real cost savings, which can be re-allocated from infrastructure overhead to productive, leading- edge application development. In the final analysis, what type of I/O channel technology do you want supporting your mission-critical enterprise business applications now and into the future -- many "skinny" channels with limited architectural capabilities, or fewer high-capacity channels with robust architecture? Your IBM representative can assist you with your decision.

G5/G6 SAP Measurements Update: The Best Performer -- Industry-wide

In a laboratory capacity benchmarking environment where there is no contention for channels, ESCON Directors, control units, or devices, a G5 SAP has the capacity to process 37,000 start subchannels/second (ssch/sec); a G6 SAP in Xn7 models has the capacity to process 50,000 ssch/sec; and a G6 Turbo SAP in Zn7 models has the capacity to process 56,000 ssch/sec. As most G5 models have two SAPs standard and all G6 models have two SAPs standard, they will have two times the capacity, or up to 74,000 ssch/sec for G5s and up to 112,000 ssch/sec for G6.

TPF environments where requests may get queued at the channel instead of the SAP have a SAP capacity for G5 of 20,000 to 24,000 ssch/sec and G6 of 25,000 to 34,000 ssch/sec. As most G5 models have two SAPs standard and all G6 models have two SAPs standard, they will have two times the capacity, or up to 40,000 to 48,000 ssch/sec for G5 and 50,000 to 68,000 ssch/sec for G6 models. Non-TPF environments where ESCON busy path conditions are redriven by the SAP (assume one redrive for each ssch) have a capacity of 12,000 to 15,000 ssch/sec for G5 and 16,000 to 20,000 ssch/sec for G6. As most G5 models have two SAPs standard and all G6 models have two SAPs standard, they will have two times the capacity, or up to 24,000 to 30,000 ssch/sec for G5 and 32,000 to 40,000 ssch/sec for G6 models.

Higher I/O rates are possible with better tuned configurations and if additional SAPs are added. Conversely, lower rates are also possible with poorly tuned environments. Additional SAPs can be added if spare PUs are available and if the number of SAPs does not exceed the number of CPs. On all G6 models the addition of SAPs is a code-only change (no additional hardware required).

S/390 Network Connectivity Update for 2000

e-business Applications May Become Bandwidth-Hungry: To ensure that the G5 and G6 servers can deliver the bandwidth required without requiring an increase in I/O resources, IBM introduced the third generation of the S/390 Open Systems Adapter, OSA-Express. OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) became available in June, 1999 and OSA-Express Fast Ethernet, 155 ATM single mode, and 155 ATM multimode became available January 31, 2000.

The OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features replace the currently available S/390 Open Systems Adapter 2 Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features on the S/390 Parallel Enterprise Servers -- Generation 5 and Generation 6.

The new OSA-Express features help to ensure that the increasing high volumes of data traversing the Local Area Network (LAN) do not encounter a bandwidth bottleneck, whether data is exchanged via intranet Web servers, centralized file servers, the Internet, or extranets. The new OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features are capable of achieving line speed (100 Mbps and 155 Mbps respectively), while functionally equivalent to OSA-2. NOTE: Actual throughput is dependent upon many factors, including traffic direction, the pattern of acknowledgment traffic, packet size, the application, TCP/IP, the network, disk subsystems, and number of clients being served. IBM cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions regarding the performance, compatibility, and attachment capabilities of non-IBM products to the OSA features should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.

The OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features:

  • Help to reduce the total cost of connectivity by permitting direct attachment of S/390 servers to industry-standard LAN interfaces, simplifying enterprise networks, and reducing the number of intermediate devices that must be managed.

  • Bring the strengths of the S/390 server to the LAN environment: security, backup/recovery, and centralized access to data.

  • Expand the connectivity alternatives available, allowing you to maintain your current network infrastructure and directly connect to LANs, LAN backbones, high-speed workstations, intelligent hubs, repeaters, switches, and routers. The OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features may also be used for server-to-server communication.

IBM Resource Measurement Facility RMF (TM) (5655-084), an OS/390 optional priced feature, has been enhanced in support of the OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM features. This allows the installation to better understand what is occurring within a feature for:

  1. Microprocessor utilization (per LPAR image if it applies)

  2. Physical Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus utilization

  3. Bandwidth per port (both read and write directions) (per LPAR image if it applies)

With this enhanced support, a user can now better understand the possible bandwidth bottlenecks, and can perform root cause analysis. Additional details may be found in the document OS/390 Resource Measurement Facility Report Analysis (SC28-1950-04).

Tivoli Storage Manager and OSA-Express, the replacement for ADSTAR (R) Distributed Storage Manager (ADSM), is an advanced storage management solution. It integrates unattended network backup and archive capabilities with storage management and powerful disaster recovery functions. As a client/server storage management product, Tivoli Storage Manager provides administrator-controlled, highly automated, centrally scheduled, network-based backup and archive functions for workstations or LAN file servers.

With recent enhancements to Tivoli Storage Manager on S/390, the advent of the OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) features, and the new Queued Direct I/O (QDIO) architecture available on IBM G5/G6 servers and OS/390 Version 2 Release 7 with PTFs, significant improvements have been observed.

Simulated backup measurements, in a controlled environment, have yielded a throughput of 25 MB/sec per OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) feature, and a throughput of 150 MB/sec using six OSA-Express GbE features. In a separate set of tests, using an RS/6000 S70 as a Tivoli Storage Manager client running 10 Tivoli Storage Manager client sessions to a G5 server backing up to an S/390 Enterprise Storage System over a single OSA-Express GbE feature, a throughput of 68 MB/sec was measured. These rates demonstrate the potential of Tivoli Storage Manager and the underlying software and hardware. These are lab tests in a controlled environment and actual customer results may vary depending on applications, data sizes, storage and network devices, and other factors. A white paper is available from your IBM representative.

Enhancements to Tivoli Storage Manager include the exploitation of OpenEdition sockets enabling the performance improvements in TCP/IP, a multi-threaded design, asynchronous I/O, and self-tuning algorithms. S/390 G5/G6 servers are excellent performing Tivoli Storage Manager servers.

OSA-Express GbE, new function for ESS Data Sharing: OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet, is now moving to the forefront of the IBM Enterprise Storage Server's data sharing strategy, as a replacement of the IBM InfoSpeed Data Gateway. OSA-Express GbE provides high-speed inter-systems connectivity and data sharing between host and client resources. Since OSA-Express GbE is an industry-standard open interface, the current infrastructure of hubs, switches, and routers can be used. No additional TCP/IP skills are required, since standard TCP/IP and File Transfer Program (FTP) are used. The result: a nondisruptive transition to an industry-standard interface that can deliver significant performance improvements over currently available TCP/IP solutions.

New: QDIO Support for OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM Ethernet LAN Emulation: (Planned Availability: Third Quarter, 2000) Queued Direct Input/Output (QDIO) was implemented and supported by Communications Server for OS/390 (R) Version 2 Release 7 with PTFs (CS OS/390) and OSA-Express Gigabit Ethernet. QDIO is now being offered for the OSA-Express Fast Ethernet feature and the OSA-Express 155 ATM features (multimode and single-mode fiber) when configured for Ethernet LAN Emulation.

QDIO is a new, highly efficient data transfer architecture introduced to satisfy the increasing volume of TCP/IP applications and the increasing demands for bandwidth. QDIO returns CPU cycles for applications' use, avoids host interrupts by sharing a common storage area with CS OS/390, and minimizes the movement of data. This improves ease-of-use by dynamically defining the address table of the OSA-Express feature, eliminating data entry errors and incompatible tables, and making possible LPAR-to-LPAR communication.

QDIO has three key components:

  1. Internet Protocol (IP) Assist. Compute-intensive functions are moved from the S/390 server to the OSA-Express feature to reduce CPU cycles. The OSA-Express feature performs functions previously performed by the TCP/IP stack.

    1. Media Access Control (MAC) handling/Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) function

    2. Packet filtering

    3. Building and maintaining a table of IP addresses to be used for packet routing

    4. IP Multicast

  2. Direct Memory Access (DMA). OSA-Express and CS OS/390 now share a common storage area for memory-to-memory communication, reducing system overhead and improving performance. Data can move directly from the OSA-Express microprocessor to S/390 memory.

  3. Dynamic OSA Address Table (OAT) build, for simplified installation and configuration setup. The definition of IP addresses is done in one place, CS OS/390, removing the requirement for the information to be entered into the OSA Address Table (OAT) using the OSA Support Facility (OSA/SF) or a TSO/E command line interface.

The TCP/IP profile information is entered once, avoiding duplicate data entry. A dynamic OAT is key for TCP/IP Virtual Internet Protocol Address (VIPA) Takeover, which became available in OS/390 Version 2 Release 8. With VIPA Takeover, when a TCP/IP stack fails, the IP addresses registered to the OSA-Express feature are dynamically changed; thus one TCP/IP stack can take over the work of the failed TCP/IP stack; the IP client is unaware of the activity.

With the introduction of QDIO support for OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and OSA-Express 155 ATM, when configured for Ethernet LAN Emulation, the features now support two Channel Path Identifiers (CHPIDs) types which are mutually exclusive. If the feature is defined in the Hardware Configuration Definition (HCD) as a CHPID type of "OSE," SNA and IP traffic can flow through the port. This requires the OSA Address Table to be built manually using the S/390 Open Systems Adapter Support Facility (OSA/SF). If the feature is defined in the HCD as a CHPID type of "OSD," only IP traffic will flow through the port, and the OAT is built dynamically. Note: OSA/SF is still needed for the definition of the emulated/logical ports on the OSA-Express 155 ATM feature.

QDIO is an exclusive IBM CMOS S/390 server function that allows the OSA-Express microprocessor to communicate directly with S/390 memory using data queues. Communication remains active and data exchanges are direct and continuous, minimizing I/O interrupts.

QDIO support for OSA-Express Fast Ethernet and 155 ATM Ethernet LAN Emulation is available via a Licensed Internal Code update, and is enabled in CS OS/390 Version 2 Release 8 via a Program Temporary Fix (PTF). Contact your IBM representative for further information.

LPAR-to-LPAR Communication -- News: Like the OSA-Express GbE features, the OSA-Express Fast Ethernet feature has the ability to send and receive IP traffic between Logical Partitions (LPARs) without sending the IP packets out to the LAN and then back in to the destination LPAR. LPAR-to-LPAR communication makes possible routing of IP packets within the same host system. The OSA-Express Fast Ethernet feature will examine the destination IP address; if the destination is on the same host system, the IP packets will be routed to that IP address without sending the IP packets out to the LAN and then back in again (ignoring the fact that the source and destination hardware address are the same). Any application that requires traffic to flow LPAR-to-LPAR on the same system can benefit from this support. This support became available on the availability date of the OSA-Express Fast Ethernet feature, 01/31/00.

Fast Sync/DataMover

The S/390 Asynchronous Data Mover Facility, ADMF, was invented to improve storage-to-storage movement of large blocks of data in bipolar machines. It is exploited by DB2 Hiperpools. The continued evolution of CMOS processor and memory technology in G5/G6 has improved synchronous data movement using the Move Page instruction to the point where its performance is on a par with ADMF.

The Fast Sync Data Mover Facility will be implemented on G5/G6 and future processors as an indicator to DB2 that Move Page should be used in place of ADMF. DB2 will be issuing a PTF to check for this indicator and use Move Page instead of ADMF. DB2 will continue to use ADMF on pre-G5 machines. DB2 without the PTF will also continue to use ADMF on G5/G6. IBM however plans to remove ADMF from future servers.

IBM Classes for Unicode for OS/390

On June 18, 1999, IBM made it easier for developers to create multilingual applications by offering free and public access to the source code for software that enables applications to work in different languages and countries. The IBM Classes for Unicode, based on the Unicode industry standard, is the first software package available under a new IBM Public Source License. The license, a direct result of collaboration with the open-source community, allows source code to be downloaded freely off the Web. Developers can use the software, change it, and share their improvements with others.

Using the Unicode classes, developers using a range of operating systems can write applications that support a wide variety of global languages. Applications can be easily localized by changing simple data files to automatically adapt dates, currencies, numbering schemes, and characters to fit an individual country's language format. The Unicode classes will automatically format currencies into yen for Japanese usage, for example, or change date fields to correspond to German formats.

The IBM Classes for Unicode are currently available for the AIX, Linux, Solaris, and Windows NT operating systems. OS/390 will soon be added to that list. IBM Classes for Unicode for OS/390, including source code, will be available for download from the Web site:

http://www.ibm.com/developer/
with availability planned for March 31, 2000. (Monitor the developerWorks Web site for further details.)

VS FORTRAN Update

VS FORTRAN Now Optimizes Extended Precision Calculations for Improved Execution Performance on G5 and G6 S/390 Parallel Enterprise Servers (Available Second Quarter, 2000)

APAR PQ29366 extends the usage of the Additional Floating Point Registers to calculations that use Extended Precision Floating Point numbers. This new capability also for the first time includes the ability for the VS FORTRAN compiler to optimize computations involving Extended Precision Floating Point operands. This enhancement will provide performance improvement for programs using Extended Precision Floating Point operands. The amount of such improvement will vary and is dependent on the application program, particularly the intensity of such computations in any specific program.

Customers who have FORTRAN programs that use Extended Precision Floating Point computations may wish to consider the benefits of using the Additional Floating Point Registers feature offered by the G5 and G6 servers in conjunction with this enhancement to VS FORTRAN to improve the execution efficiency of these programs.

Customers who have been prevented from using the improved accuracy obtained when using Extended Precision Floating Point calculations because of the lack of optimization available in prior levels of VS FORTRAN may wish to consider potential accuracy improvements in their FORTRAN programs by changing to use this capability now that VS FORTRAN will provide its world-class optimization support for Extended Precision Floating Point calculations for use on the G5 and G6 servers. Recompilation is required to take advantage of these new capabilities.
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Product Positioning

OS/390 Version 2 Release 7 Update

OS/390 continues to evolve to meet the ever-changing demands of enterprise computing. The latest release is based upon over thirty years experience and a long-standing reputation for scalability, availability, security, ability to run multiple workloads, open interoperability and cost-effective total cost-of-computing: the pillars of enterprise computing. This release addresses the needs of three distinct groups of customers:

  • Existing MVS customers
  • Version 1 and Version 2 OS/390 customers
  • New customers without prior experience with MVS or OS/390

OS/390 support of e-business, enterprise applications, and the middleware infrastructure is important to each of these groups.

OS/390 is not a vague promise of some future enterprise computing greatness, such as that offered by alternate platforms who are "Mainframe-like". OS/390 is utilized now by thousands of major corporations worldwide for business-critical applications. The latest release adds even more industry-leading function and performance.

OS/390 compares very favorably with competition in mixed workload management, data sharing, integrated hardware and software cryptography, dynamic workload balancing of both the computing complex and the network, linear scalability, I/O parallelism, fault tolerance, change tolerance, fault isolation, and disaster recovery

OS/390 and IBM S/390 servers have an outstanding security system and the industry's only workload management system, both of which are necessary to do effective e-business or to consolidate file/print or application servers. Add continuous availability and virtually unlimited scalability and a suite of global services, and you have a great end-to- end solution for your enterprise computing challenges.

With OS/390, you can access and integrate traditional business information to exploit new opportunities for a competitive advantage, as well as align your technology solutions for the enterprise with demands in the marketplace for e-business, enterprise applications, server consolidation, and business intelligence. OS/390 expects to remain the defining standard of enterprise computing. The goal of OS/390 is to enable continuous access for any legitimate user anywhere to resources and data with speed and ease. By achieving this, OS/390 will continue to enable the world's leading organizations to adapt successfully and thrive in ever-changing environments. There has never been a better time to get on, to stay on and to grow on the S/390 platform.

OS/390 Release 7 Content Summary

  • e-business
    • improved Web serving performance, function, and secure access to data
    • Network Communications Server (Fast Response Cache Accelerator)
    • WebSphere Application Server for OS/390 -- New Release
    • Updated with latest standards for Internet/Extranet security

  • Applications
    • Language Environment performance, functions, and RAS improved
    • Significant UNIX System Services performance enhancements

  • Server Consolidation
    • Network Security Enhancements and Directory Services (Open Crypto and LDAP)
    • Further strengthen security for TN3270 users
    • DFS enhancements, performance, and RAS
    • Enhanced Systems Management Integration through Tivoli Management Framework
    • Centralized Management of Java clients and applications

  • Business Intelligence
    • UNIX Parallel Environment performance and usability improvements

  • Technology Leadership

    • DFSMS Storage Management performance and functions enhancements (HFS, HSM, OAM, SMS)

  • Euro Support

    • Delivery and Installation

  • UNIX

    • SMP/E changes exploited for reduced post-install work for UNIX

OS/390 V2/R7 Content for e-business

OS/390 continues to evolve as the platform of choice for highly available, scalable, and secure e-business support. Recently completed testing with an industry standard SpecWeb96 benchmark running on a single S/390 server (a 10-way S/390 G5 Server), measured 21,591 SpecWeb operations per second, a 50% increase over the previous record. The Fast Response Cache Accelerator function in eNetwork Communications Server employed by the HTTP Server in OS/390 V2R7 was a key enabler to achieving these results.

OS/390 Version 2 Release 7 provides most of the functional capabilities of the WebSphere Application Server Enterprise Edition for OS/390 offering. Along with a Java Developers Kit (JDK), this release of OS/390 provides an e-business environment with the availability, scalability and security required for critical e-business applications. Enhancements in OS/390 Release 7 include:

  • The WebSphere Application Server V1.1 comes integrated in OS/390 Release 7. WebSphere Application Server V1.1 has been available by ftp download for OS/390 V2 R5 and R6 users.

    WebSphere Application Server V1.1 provides the capability to deploy Java servlets on S/390. Built on the licensed Java Server Toolkit from JavaSoft, the WebSphere Application Server takes full advantage of the advanced features of the Java(TM) Web Server. The write once deploy anywhere advantage of servlets is available. You can develop and test applications that are compliant with WebSphere protocols and then deploy these applications on platforms like OS/390 that are WebSphere compliant.

WebSphere Application Server V1.1 supports the latest Java Development Kit. This release includes:

  • Support for applications developed using the IBM WebSphere Studio V1.0 toolset. Support for session-tracking APIs.

  • A graphical interface for easier servlet management.

  • Security improvements.

  • Java Server Pages that offer support for dynamic page content.

HTTP Server for OS/390

This release provides significant performance improvements for static Web page serving by exploiting the Fast Response Cache Accelerator function offered by eNetwork Communications Server for OS/390 in Release 7. ApplEnv Remote Configuration gives you the ability to configure application environments for workload management through configuration and administrations forms rather than editing directives in the server configuration file. This provides an easy-to-use interface for the update and management of this information.

Digital Certificate authentication is supported for any X.509 format digital certificate issued by a Certificate Authority. In addition, the HTTP server, in Release 7, supports strong authentication of digital certificates issued by IBM Vault Registry, including checks for revoked certificates via Vault Registry's Certificate Revocation List (CRL). Certificate Authority (CA) Servlet can be used to issue locally produced digital certificates suitable for use in Netscape and Microsoft Internet Explorer browsers and in other SSL applications that support X.509 certificates.

eNetwork Communications Server for OS/390 (CS OS/390) provides enhanced usability, availability, connectivity and performance for TCP/IP in a Parallel Sysplex and other environments through offering the following:

World Class Performance for Web Page Processing

  • New technology to dramatically improve network integration for mixed SNA and TCP/IP networking environments.

  • Leading-edge solution to allow a network administrator to control the performance characteristics of IP data packets Triple DES support for virtual private networks (VPN).

  • Expanded network addressing to support large-scale use of TN3270e server and other applications.

  • SNMP Version 3 securely protects valuable network management information for TCP/IP networks.

New OS/390 Release 8 Security Server RACF Digital Certificate Support

(Not Previewed in February OS/390 Announcement)

The core enabling technology for secure e-business is the digital certificate. Digital certificates provide a basis for establishment of secure sessions between partners in an e-business transaction. With the RACF component of the OS/390 Release 4 Security Server, RACF provided the ability to store digital certificates in the RACF database, and to associate a digital certificate with a RACF user ID. Typically, this is used to map a browser user certificate to a RACF user ID for controlling access to S/390 resources. More of this important element of e-business is covered in the following section.

Security for the e-business Culture

As servers grow to the capacity of Generation 5 and 6, evolution of e-business application security must keep pace. Many new security models have emerged from the Internet based technology world, just as there are new needs from advanced object and Java programming models. Implicit in 1999's support for large scale e-business applications by S/390 is the security and directory support provided by OS/390 and by G5 and G6 server's cryptographic coprocessor.

Enterprise Directories

The industry is quickly moving to an Enterprise Directory model. This model proposes having just one secure directory containing all configuration and security information for many network applications and middleware products. With a single directory, the management, coordination, and protection of this key information is easier to handle. An Enterprise Directory requires all the characteristics that make S/390 an Enterprise Server. A G5/G6 server is ideal in the role of an Enterprise Directory server.

OS/390 provides two directories that can be considered to be in the Enterprise Directory category. Each benefit from the strengths of S/390.

  • First is Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), a fast-growing technology for new network application development. It is a standards- based directory capability implemented with both LDAP Client and LDAP Server components on OS/390. It was recently enhanced on OS/390 with Java support, LDAP access to RACF information, and LDAP client authentication using RACF. It also supports multiple LDAP servers on multiple systems in a Parallel Sysplex environment for added scalability.

  • Second, is Novell Directory Services (NDS) on OS/390. NDS has been popular among customers in a distributed environment for some time now. NDS on OS/390 moves and consolidates NDS directories from distributed platforms onto S/390. You can now have the robust characteristics of S/390 as the underpinning of your vital NDS directory.

Each directory has its unique strengths and capabilities. IBM provides both on OS/390 to allow you to choose the directory capability that best meets your needs and have it implemented on a highly available, highly secure S/390 server.

Open Cryptographic Services Facility

To provide a consistent approach to implementing security for Internet and intranet applications, the industry has been looking to standard architecture definitions. Common Data Security Architecture (CDSA), has been adopted by OpenGroup as an industry standard for such services. CDSA was proposed by Intel and is supported by many industry vendors including IBM. It provides common interfaces in an open architecture for security and cryptographic functions. CDSA supports standard functions provided by a set of plug-in service modules offering flexible and configurable use of cryptography, certificate management, trust policy management, key and certificate lookup, storage and retrieval. OS/390 Version 2 Release 7 provides many CDSA functions through the new Open Cryptographic Services Facility.

The real benefit of CDSA is that it standardizes the interfaces that vendors and customers would use in writing applications that need cryptographic and certificate services. The ability to deploy cryptography enabled applications across an enterprise is enhanced with this application enabling support. It is a key part of the emerging PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) technology on OS/390.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

Secure communications in e-business applications over the Internet increasingly rely on SSL as a crucial security protocol. By its design, SSL requires more processing to complete the handshakes and encryption. Large scale secure Web serving expands the use of SSL and requires SSL with good performance characteristics. Recent enhancements to SSL on OS/390 made a 14X increase in SSL performance for Web serving. Part of this improvement was provided by improved SSL path length and part was provided by use of the CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor. These improvements are carried forward into the new OS/390 Version 2 Release 7 function, System SSL, which provides a common callable set of SSL API functions to help all application developers exploit the high security and encryption capabilities of SSL. Future improvements to SSL performance will be reflected in System SSL and will, therefore, automatically benefit its users.

Certified for Security: The need for security certification is no longer restricted to governments. With the explosion of Internet technology and e-business, commercial users are increasingly concerned about security issues. You want some assurance that the technology you choose for your business can meet the same stringent security as government and defense users require.

S/390 has acquired two certifications that confirm IBM's capability:

  • FIPS 140-1 Level 4: This security certification is known as the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-1 Level 4, and is granted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a federal agency established by the US Government to certify that cryptographic products meet stringent security requirements for use in government systems. The standard defines several levels of security attributes that cryptographic modules must meet. These include access controls, security policy enforcement, physical security, key storage, resistance to tampering, and rigorous proofs of proper cryptographic operation. Level 4 is the highest level of security defined by FIPS 140-1. According to NIST, the S/390 CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor meets the stringent physical requirements of this standard, including protection from tampering, which includes deletion of highly sensitive information. Currently, only one other product in the world has attained this highest FIPS 140-1 Level 4 validation, and that is another IBM product, the 4758 PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor for PCI-bus platforms.

  • ITSEC E4: IBM has received an E4 security certificate for its Processor Resource/Systems Manager product for the IBM S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server -- Generation 5 family of CMOS technology Processors. PR/SM was evaluated against the ITSEC - the European Union's Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria. IBM remains the only company to have received this award. The E4 evaluation establishes S/390 PR/SM as the industry leading secure consolidation platform and validates the S/390 server processor family as an ideal building block for business solutions integrating e-business applications and existing corporate workloads onto a single platform. It provides a very high degree of assurance that PR/SM can be used in environments where separation of workloads is a requirement, but also where the use of a single hardware platform is desirable for economy, flexibility, security or management. PR/SM provides secure isolation by preventing the flow of information between logical processor partitions. This isolation may be used where the separation is based on need to know, where data at differing security classifications sensitivities must be kept apart. You can run e-business applications in one partition, and corporate workloads, another partition on the same processor with the assurance that users in one partition have no access to information or resources in any other partition on the system.

The E4 level of certification for PR/SM, together with the FIPS 140-1 Level 4 certification for the S/390 CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor, makes the G5 and G6 servers, the world's leading secure platform.

OS/390 V2R8 Security Server RACF Digital Certificate

The core enabling technology for secure e-business is the digital certificate. Digital certificates provide a basis for the establishment of secure sessions between partners in an e-business transaction. With the RACF component of the OS/390 Release 4 Security Server, RACF provided the ability to store digital certificates in the RACF database and to associate a digital certificate with a RACF user ID. Typically, this is used to map a browser user's certificate to a RACF user ID for controlling access to S/390 resources.

A crucial part of implementing digital certificates in e-business applications is the secure management of the certificates used to identify server processes. It is essential that the identities of these server processes be provable to the client through use of certificates and an uncompromised chain of trust. These certificates also have encryption keys associated with them that are private and must not be revealed. In OS/390 V2R8, the RACF component of the OS/390 Security Server will provide functions to help manage server certificates and help protect server private keys in a uniform and secure way. Specifically, functions will be added to:

  • Generate digital certificates and digital certificate requests for servers executing on OS/390.

  • Securely store server private keys using the OS/390 cryptographic hardware and control access to those keys using RACF and ICSF

  • Manage certificate authority certificates at the system level, allowing the establishment of a consistent system-wide security policy

  • Process certificate requests from other systems

Through the use of ICSF for private key storage and a "common key ring" architecture that allows the definition of a consistent system-wide security policy, OS/390 continues to be the industry-leading secure platform for e-business servers. These services are important for any server that requires server-side certificates.

These functions compliment IBM's SecureWay Vault Registry services, which provide certificate management and life-cycle services for both client and server certificates.

IBM's Continuing Evolution of Parallel Sysplex:

IBM has made several enhancements to the G5 and G6 hardware, OS/390, and Licensed Internal Code (LIC) furthering evolution of the Parallel Sysplex, exclusive to the G5 and G6 server environment. This support, in a Resource Sharing environment will optimize the system's management, increase flexibility, simplify configurations, and reduce costs.

Non-Disruptive Growth from 1 to 384 Engines

Capacity Upgrade on Demand function, combined with careful Plan-Ahead enables adding one or more Central Processors (CPs) or shared Internal Coupling Facilities (ICFs) non-disruptively. CPs can be added to the G5 and G6 with no system power down, no associated IML/IPL, and no disruption to application processing. This capability is via IBM's Parallel Sysplex Cluster technology, to enable capacity growth from a single G5 engine up through 32 G6 12-way servers.

Model R06: The Industry's most powerful Standalone Coupling Facility

The S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server model 9672 R06 standalone Coupling Facility offers the industry's most powerful Coupling Facility. In terms of uniprocessor and CEC overall capacity, it supports up to 10 ICF G5 or G6 processors (dedicated or shared), with memory of up to 24GB. The model R06 provides the most robust CF capability, as the CPC is wholly dedicated to running the CFCC microcode (all of the processors, channels and memory are for CF use only). Installations using S/390 Resource Sharing do not require a standalone coupling facility and may choose to use a G5 or G6 server with the Internal Coupling Facility (ICF).

The R06 has more capability than the 9674 C05, its predecessor CF:

  • Up to double the capacity of the 9674 C05.
  • Supports up to 24 Internal Cluster Buses with up to 255MB/sec bandwidth.
  • Up to 10 ICFs that can run in Shared or Dedicated CF partition.
  • Supports Dynamic ICF expansion across ICFs.
  • Upgradable to 9672 G5 or G6 server models.
  • Supports up to 32 Hiperlinks.

The standalone CF provides the most robust CF capability, as the CPC is wholly dedicated to running the CFCC microcode (all of the processors, channels and memory are for CF use only). Customer installations who perceive the requirement for CF Capacity beyond the R06 may advise their IBM Representative of the requirement.

Internal Coupling Channel (IC)

The G5/G6 Servers support the Internal Coupling channel (IC), which is a Licensed Internal Code (LIC) "linkless" coupling channel between CF LPARs and OS/390 LPARs on the same CEC. This design eliminates the overhead associated with LPAR-simulation of CF coupling links, previously supported via the Internal Coupling Migration Facility (ICMF), to enable potential performance benefit. Additionally, the IC has significant value beyond the performance characteristics. LPARs using ICs to communicate internally within a CEC (either CF LPARs or OS/390 partitions) can simultaneously use HiPerLinks or ICBs to communicate with CFs or OS/390 systems external to the CEC. This flexibility eliminates the need to "wrap" a coupling link to the same CEC to communicate internally. The restrictions associated with ICMF are eliminated and internal channel communication performance can be greatly improved when comparing IC to ICMF. The IC offers a performance benefit over the use of ICBs when OS/390 and the CF partition that it communicates with reside within the same CEC (and is therefore the channel of choice for this type of configuration). The average data transfer rate of the IC channel is about 700 MB/second on a G5 Turbo server, and scales with the processor speed. The coupling efficiency for an average datasharing workload will improve by up to 1% when IC channels are used in place of ICBs. The coupling efficiency will improve by 1 to 4% when IC channels replace HiPerLinks in the configuration. With the IC technology, IBM S/390 clustered systems are able to scale in capacity without incurring additional overhead as the individual processors increase in engine speed with each successive processor generation.

Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB)

The ICB offers both improved CF interconnect bandwidth and dramatically reduced command latency to/from the CF. The ICB, together with the ICs support fully balanced systems that assist in enabling nearly linear scalability, in a Parallel Sysplex environment.

Software support of the Internal Coupling Channels and the Integrated Cluster Bus is required with OS/390 and VM/ESA. OS/390 APAR OW28556 provides software support for these new coupling channels. PTFs associated with this APAR are only available for OS/390 R3 and later. The VM/ESA guest support for the ICB is provided via a PTF for APAR VM61760 and is needed if a G5/G6 customer is running VM/ESA and OS/390 in different logical partitions on the same CEC and ICBs are installed for OS/390. If VM/ESA is used to control dynamic I/O configuration changes on the CEC, this APAR will provide support for the ICBs.

Shared ICF and CPs on Server

This function, announced in January 1, 1999, is supported on 9672-Rn6, Yn6, Xn7, and Zn7 processors. ICFs can be defined as shared processors in an LPAR partition on the same server that has the potential for an OS/390 partition. Just as CPs may be shared between any partitions, ICFs may also be shared in G5 and G6 partitions. Given IBM's strategy towards all CF partitions using ICFs, it is necessary to support shared ICFs in this configuration to allow the same flexibility of functions as when CPs are defined. A significant number of installations define both a production and a test CF partition on the same machine, with processors shared between the two (with the production CF having a higher weight). As more workloads are enabled for full availability using ICF partitions on a CPC (with one or more OS/390 partitions) more installations will see a requirement for shared ICF processors. RMF function has been added to report on different CP types. An architecture enhancement defines 1-byte codes for processor types (CP and ICF) so that the partition data report can separate the two shared pools of processors (physical and logical). Shared ICFs are required in order to nondisruptively add ICFs to future configurations with Capacity Upgrades on Demand.

Dynamic ICF Expansion Across ICFs

(1 Partition with Dedicated and Shared ICFs)

This function is an enhancement to the Dynamic ICF Expansion item first available on G4 servers. Installations are able to configure both dedicated ICFs and shared ICF processors to the same partition. The shared ICF processors can be shared across this and other CF partitions in order to more efficiently utilize ICF resources across production, test and backup CF partitions, while ensuring optimal performance for a production CF that needs at least one dedicated ICF engine. Dynamic ICF expansion across ICFs builds upon the support necessary for 2 shared pools (CPs ICFs). This new function allows installations to have a CF partition expand into another CF partition, as opposed to an OS/390 image (providing the option to not use OS/390 resources to handle CF requirements during peak operation).

Transparent ICF Sparing

Transparent ICF sparing is standard function of all G5 and G6 models.

128 bit Time of Day (TOD) Clock

This TOD clock enables sufficient clock resolution for future servers. Without this facility, future S/390 servers would be constrained in how fast they are allowed to process instructions which return a unique TOD clock value. Another benefit of the 128-bit TOD is that it returns a Sysplex unique store clock, useful to applications requiring a unique value, such as a time stamp, across the Sysplex. Note: 64-bit TOD continues to be supported (existing applications will not be impacted by this improvement). OS/390 support is shipped as APAR OW38015 on OS/390 Version 1 Release 3 and higher only, and is integrated into the current OS/390 releases. Note that the APAR support really provides 2 things: one is the sysplex uniqueness value, the other is a set of enhanced timer supervisor macros and services that allow programs to access and manipulate the new extended TOD values. Without the APAR, the time value is not sysplex wide unique, and the only program access to the timing facility is directly via the new instruction, not via system services. System timer services have also been extended to support the new format, such as the STCKE option on the Time macro, and STCKCONV and CONVTOD to convert between the TOD formats.

Systems Automation for OS/390 (SAFOS 1.3)

System's Automation for OS/390 (SA OS/390) has the objective that a sysplex must be as easy to manage as a large single system. Unique functions like the enterprise-wide Single Point Of Control and the sysplex-wide Single System Image have been added to the current release 3. On top of SA OS/390 R3, an SPE will be available in 4Q99 to assist operators to manage critical Sysplex resources, like Coupling Facilities and structures, couple datasets and more. Operators will benefit from reduced Sysplex operations complexity, and increased productivity.

Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex

GDPS has continued to evolve since it was initially announced on May 7, 1998. Refer to Hardware Announcement 198-115 dated May 07, 1998. GDPS is a multi-site management facility that is a combination of system code and automation that utilizes the capabilities of Parallel Sysplex technology, storage subsystem mirroring and data bases to manage processors, storage and network resources. It is designed to minimize and potentially eliminate the impact of a disaster or planned site outage. It provides the ability to perform a controlled site switch for both planned and unplanned site outages, with no data loss, maintaining full data integrity across multiple volumes and storage subsystems and the ability to perform a normal DBMS restart (not DBMS recovery) at the opposite site. GDPS provides the following functions:

  • Remote Copy Management Facility (RCMF) automates the management of the remote copy infrastructure.

  • Parallel Sysplex Management Facility (PSMF) automates the management of Parallel Sysplex Operations (see details below).

  • Planned reconfiguration support automates operational tasks from a single point of control.

  • Unplanned reconfiguration support recovers from an OS/390, server, storage subsystem, or site failure.

For more details on GDPS functions, supported configurations, hardware and software prerequisites, and available implementation levels, refer to the GDPS white paper at http://www.s390.ibm.com/marketing/gf225063.html

GDPS has been generally available since November 1998 and is now a well accepted multi-site availability solution. Several customers are now in production with GDPS and have experienced significant benefits. For example, iT-Austria, the newly formed Information Technology (IT) subsidiary of Bank Austria/Creditanstalt Group, Erste Bank, and Spardat in Vienna, Austria has been able to switch their entire workload from their primary site to their alternate site in 34 minutes (for an unplanned site outage) and in 56 minutes (for a planned site shutdown).

In addition to the existing GDPS offerings - the Remote Copy Management Facility (RCMF) and the full Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex (GDPS), IBM Global Services has announced a new services offering -IBM Operational Support Services for Parallel Sysplex Management Facility (PSMF) (Offering ID # 6942-85D). RCMF and PSMF can be viewed as subsets of the full GDPS offering. PSMF simplifies Parallel Sysplex operations by automating such functions such as:

  • Quiescing a system's workload and removing the system from the Parallel Sysplex cluster (e.g., stopping the system prior to a change window).

  • IPLing a system (e.g., starting the system after a change window).

  • Quiescing a system's workload, removing the system from the Parallel Sysplex cluster, and re-IPLing the system (e.g. recycling a system to pick up software maintenance).

  • Managing couple data sets.

These standard actions can be initiated against a single system or group of systems and are performed from a single point of control, simplifying system resource management. Additionally, PSMF can reset, activate or deactivate hardware resources, monitor the status of Parallel Sysplex hardware and raise alerts if a failure is detected. IBM Installation Services for Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex: (http://www.as.ibm.com/asww/offerings/mww62.htm) provides details of the RCMF and GDPS offerings and IBM Operational Support Services for Parallel Sysplex Management Facility (http://www.as.ibm.com/asww/offerings/mww85dE.html) provides details of the PSMF offering.

The GDPS solution has also been enhanced on account of two recent announcements related to the IBM 9393 RAMAC Virtual Array (RVA) Model T82. Peer-to-Peer Remote Copy (PPRC) support was announced for the RVA Model T82. The availability of PPRC functionality now places the 9393 RAMAC Virtual Array at the heart of mission-critical enterprise storage solutions, including remote site disaster recovery protection, high availability, data migration capabilities, and GDPS. Existing PPRC software and operational procedures designed for the IBM 9390 RAMAC 3 Array Storage Control and the IBM 3990 Storage Control Model 6 can operate on the 9393 RAMAC Virtual Array with minimal modifications. Also previewed were several enhancements to the IBM 9393 RAMAC Virtual Array Model T82. The enhancements included increasing the virtual addressing capability to 1024 volumes, supporting IBM 3390 Model 9 emulation, increasing effective cache to 6 GB, improving performance with faster microprocessors in the subsystem, and providing new Licensed Internal Code (LIC).

With these announcements, the IBM 9393 RAMAC Virtual Array Model T82 becomes an excellent choice for customers wanting to implement the GDPS solution. The GDPS solution, however, is not limited to only IBM storage controllers. GDPS can be implemented for any storage controller as long as it supports the PPRC CGROUP (FREEZE/RUN) function, and operates in IBM-compatible Peer-to-Peer Remote Copy (PPRC) sessions with corresponding storage controllers at the other site.

Customers with GDPS installations can now get unique value by combining GDPS environments with the recently announced Capacity Backup Upgrade option. The backup upgrade can bring extra processing power online quickly in the event of an emergency need for capacity at the other site.

OS/390 Enhancements for Parallel Sysplex

The following OS/390 Version 2 enhancements have been announced and will be available in upcoming OS/390 releases:

  • Enhanced Catalog Sharing (OS/390 V2 R7): In a Parallel Sysplex with resource sharing across multiple images, each image must have read/write access to both the Master Catalog and User Catalogs. All changes must be communicated to all systems to ensure data integrity and data accessibility. Communicating these changes across the sysplex is costly and could have negative sysplex-wide impact.

    DFS/MVS Version 1 Release 5 contains enhancements that will improve the performance of shared catalogs in a Parallel Sysplex environment. With Enhanced Catalog Sharing (ECS), the catalog control record describing each catalog is copied into the coupling facility instead of DASD. Additional enhancements to DFSMS/MVS Version 1 Release 5, such as access to Optical Access Method (OAM) objects from any system in the sysplex and the capability to have multiple DFSMS hsm subplexes within one sysplex, can be found at: http://www.storage.ibm.com/software/sms/smsvlr5.htm. Enhancements to DFSMS/MS Version 1 Release 5 can be found at: http://www.storage.ibm.com/software/sms/smsv1r5.htm

  • Enhancements for e-business Support: OS/390 can help lower total costs in a Parallel Sysplex environment. New OS/390 V2 R7 (Communications Server for OS/390 2.7) functions decrease the number of required IP addresses. This is accomplished through the use of the Dynamic XCF function, which allocates a single IP address to communicate to each participating TCP/IP stack for all XCF and Same Host connectivity. System performance has improved with enhanced sockets and secure communications. Adding TCP/IP stacks has been simplified through the use of system symbolics to significantly reduce the work of your network specialists. A new function called Sysplex Sockets has been introduced enabling more efficient IP communication within a sysplex. Applications can bind to a sysplex socket which allows communication between systems explicitly in the sysplex via IP. Using the IP function, applications can bypass the overhead associated with distributed protocol flows (such as distributed security and marshalling/demarshalling of parameters). The system is aware that it is communicating within a sysplex and does not require reestablishment, if the socket is secure or converting from ANSI (as would otherwise be necessary in communicating from a distributed client). Other TCP/IP improvements make it is easier to scale up non-disruptively while handling increased workloads.

  • XCF System Management Enhancements OS/390 V2 R6 provides a new type of structure rebuild function, a POPULATECF rebuild, which simplifies the process of populating a CF with structures when a new CF is made available in the configuration (or when a CF is restored to the configuration after having been removed for maintenance or upgrade). This type of rebuild request will initiate a rebuild for all structures for which the CFRM policy indicates that the designated coupling facility is a more preferable location than the CF in which they are currently allocated, to relocate those structures into the designated CF.

  • Workload Manager (WLM) Enhancements Introduced in OS/390 V2 R6 and enhanced in OS/390 V2 R8, the installation can specify by job class group whether WLM or JES3 will manage the batch initiators. This support is already available for JES2 in OS/390 V2 R4. When WLM manages initiators, it can dynamically start initiators when necessary, and intelligently place those initiators on systems with available capacity. This support provides increased systems management and ease of use by reducing manual operator intervention. Moreover, this process may save time for systems programmers by avoiding time consuming generation of static initialization statement definitions. WLM, in conjunction with JES3 support for the Resource Scheduling Environment, provides total support for managing the batch workload in a Parallel Sysplex. WLM enhancements also include improved discretionary goal management for better resource allocation.

  • RAS Enhancements XES External Hang Detect support in OS/390 R8 will provide a mechanism to monitor events requiring a specific response and provide an indication when a specific response is not received from one or more connectors. When a specific response is not received, XES will issue a message indicating a connector's failure to confirm an event. This message may be used as a trigger for manual or automated operator intervention to relieve the hang condition. The intervention may involve automation collecting diagnostic information or terminating the application not providing the required response in a timely manner. Overall structure and application availability will be improved to indicate the non-responding connectors.

  • Large Signal Delivery (OS/390 V2 R8) XCF signalling's message-out service (IXCMSGO) is enhanced to allow signals larger than 64K bytes to be sent as a single large logical signal. XCF processing will internally split the signal into multiple smaller signals, send these signals, and reassemble the large logical signal on the receiving system for presentation to the recipient. Initial exploitation is with Resource Recovery Services (RRS).

Parallel Sysplex Update

IBM continues its leadership in technology, software, and services to provide highly scalable capacity, workload balancing, resource sharing, and maximum availability via its Parallel Sysplex technology. IBM's Internal Coupling channels (ICs) and Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB) are exclusives within IBM's G5 and G6 servers, and provide up to 4% better coupling efficiency over HiPerLinks while at the same time reducing the hardware requirements and simplifying the configuration. G5 and G6 ICB technology can provide up to 50% savings for coupling facility operations, when compared to HiPerLinks. The value of these IBM exclusives has not been overlooked by enterprises. Whether the need is to run a Parallel Sysplex cluster in support of e-business, an ERP application, or a data warehouse or on-line workloads running tens of millions of transactions per day, IBM Parallel Sysplex clustering provides superior technology to handle capacity growth, availability, and system management in the market today. Customer acceptance continues to grow with over 300 new resource sharing and over 100 new data sharing implementations in 1999.

Automatic Enablement of Capacity BackUp (CBU) for the Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex (GDPS): GDPS - CBU enables automatic management of the reserved Central Processors (CPs), provided by the CBU feature. In the event of a server failure and/or a site failure. GDPS automation will:

  • Perform the analysis required to determine the scope of the failure; this minimizes operator intervention.

  • Automate authentication and activation of reserved Central Processors (CPs).

  • Automatically restart critical applications after reserved CP activation.

  • Reduce the potential outage time from several hours, to minutes

In the event of a server or site failure, GDPS requires available standby server resources that can be immediately displaced and acquired to restart the mission-critical workloads. Standby server resources are typically used to execute discretionary workloads, such as systems test, or applications development. However, production workload system requirements usually exceed the discretionary workload system requirements; an enterprise without CBU may therefore incur cost of spare processor resources, with associated software license charges. IBM software license temporary license transfer feature allows the software licenses to be temporarily transferred from the production systems to the newly expanded systems. Given the flexibility of the GDPS-CBU implementation, the enterprise has full restart capability, or restart of a critical subset within the production workload--whichever best responds to the situation.

Upon detection of a server, or site failure or planned disaster event, GDPS will "call-home" to IBM via IBM's Remote Support Facility (RSF). The call-home will automatically confirm CBU participation, and unlock the target configuration; the reserved Central Processors (CPs) are then varied on-line.

Once the necessary resources have been acquired, the enterprises' critical applications are automatically restarted. This automated recovery process is especially critical in today's competitive e-business world.

IBM's Fiber Saver is another key technology to the GDPS solution. The IBM Fiber Saver (Machine Type 2029) is a Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexor (DWDM) which transports multiple protocols over a single fiber optic cable up to 50 km. Multiple protocols may be multiplexed over a full-duplex cable at up to 1.2 GB/second per channel. Since IBM's Fiber Saver substantially reduces the quantity of cross-site fiber optic cables, fiber lease costs and additional fiber optic runs can be greatly reduced. Moreover, Fiber Saver may obviate additional cable runs to install GDPS. Refer to Hardware Announcement 199-305, dated November 23, 1999

S/390 Parallel Sysplex Messaging CFCC support:

IBM's Coupling Facility Control Code has been enhanced to support extensions to the list structure. These enhancements in CFCC Level 9 will support messaging architecture. Message passing is critical for applications that run across multiple systems in a Parallel Sysplex cluster. With the appropriate exploitation, the new list structure enhancements will enable messaging across the Parallel Sysplex cluster transparent to applications (providing improved capacity, availability, and dynamic workload balancing for application servers).

MQSeries will be looking to exploit these new functions in future releases of the MQSeries for OS/390 product. Refer to the XES Parallel Sysplex Enhancements section of this announcement - XES CF List Structure Architecture Extensions.

Model R06 Enhancements - More Connectivity: IBM's Order Process system now automatically installs a larger (4 bus) Multichip Module (MCM), on 1-ICF through 4-ICF models, if the configuration requires additional connectivity; these models now offer up to 24 ICBs. Note: Model R06 options available for a 9672 server upgrade are determined by the MCM configuration that is shipped from IBM.

Software enhancements for Parallel Sysplex cluster

Enhanced Contention Analysis (ECA) is available now and is designed to significantly improve multi-system availability and serviceability for both base and Parallel Sysplex cluster environments with commands to provide diagnostic information in the event of a multi- system "hang" condition. ECA is available only with GRS in a Sysplex. Without ECA, if an operator is faced with a multi-system "hang" condition, there is little or no problem determination information, and therefore problem elimination can be questionable.

Today, clusters can only detect hard failures, that is, when a system is already down. Many system failures do not manifest themselves as a hard failure, the system does not actually fail but it ceases processing useful work. These type of failures are the most difficult to detect and can at times cause multi-system outages. Only in a Sysplex with Enhanced Contention Analysis, can clusters detect this type of failure and allow actions to be taken before a hard failure or multi-system outage occurs. With ECA, command(s) can be entered to retrieve and analyze information kept by GRS, to pinpoint the problem task, address space or system and remove it from the configuration (e.g. cancel a job, recycle a subsystem, or partition an image), to avoid a potential multi-system outage condition. ECA is valuable in detecting multi-system "hang" conditions" involving components such as Automatic Tape Sharing, JES2, consoles, and RACF.

The new commands will allow different displays of data:

  • Long waiter: returns a sorted list of the units of work waiting for GRS managed resources,

  • Long blocker: returns a sorted list of the units of work blocking requests for GRS managed resources

  • Dependency analysis: returns the dependencies between the units of work requesting GRS ENQ resources and whether or not a resource allocation deadlock has occurred.

These command responses can help identify a problem and allow appropriate action to be taken, enabling the Sysplex to continue processing and meet its high availability design objective.

ECA is available now via the PTFs for OW38979, on OS/390 R3 and higher. For more detailed information, visit IBM's Parallel Sysplex website:

www.ibm.com/s390/pso/

Shared Hierarchical File Systems (HFS): In OS/390 Version 2 Release 9, Shared HFS support for the Parallel Sysplex environment adds support to the UNIX System Services file system for simultaneous Read/Write (R/W) access of the same HFS running on different OS/390 images in the Parallel Sysplex cluster. Currently, read/only concurrent access is allowed. This Shared HFS support benefits Web-server applications, Lotus, the Manufacturing suite, the Content Management Strategy (digital data, multimedia) and others who access the hierarchical file system (HFS). This new support can make data and information residing on the HFS available to your Enterprise at any time, no matter where the applications are running in the Parallel Sysplex cluster. For more information, see:

www.s390.ibm.com/unix/

Ease of Use: IBM/390 Parallel Sysplex technology continues to provide enhancements to simplify systems management, reduce costs and improve overall system performance with such items as:

S/390 Resource Sharing
Systems Automation for OS/390 Release 1.3 SPE
Systems-managed rebuild
Enhancements to Dynamic ICF expansion
Availability of Internal Coupling channel
Increased number of Internal CF's, ICB's and more.

Two web-based tools (wizards) have also been recently made available:

S/390 Parallel Sysplex Configuration Assistant.
S/390 CF Structure Sizer

Internet-based wizards are innovative approaches used to simplify some of the planning and configuration tasks necessary for OS/390. The Parallel Sysplex Configuration Assistant exploits recommended parameters to guide a systems programmer through the process to define dataset naming conventions and control datasets, for example, to assist creating Parallel Sysplex CFRM, ARM, SFM, and other policies. Moreover, Coupling Facility structure sizes for all resource sharing exploiters may be calculated, based upon built-in recommendations. Finally, the Parallel Sysplex Configuration Assistant will build JCL for parmlib members, and more. The Parallel Sysplex Configuration Assistant allows sessions to be saved, enabling multiple configuration definitions. Sessions can be easily copied into the respective parmlib members and policies that exist on the OS/390 system. The S/390 Parallel Sysplex Configuration Assistant is available at:

http://www.ibm.com/s390/pso/

S/390 Coupling Facility Structure Sizer can be used to help you estimate your IBM CF structure storage requirements. Without the CF Structure Sizer, S/390 Parallel Sysplex users would need to manually size their Coupling Facility storage consumption. The algorithm to determine storage for each exploiter of the Coupling Facility may vary significantly, from exploiter to exploiter. Although the algorithms and process are well documented, the potential for human error leading to poor system performance (in some cases, outages) does exist. The IBM S/390 Coupling Facility (CF) Structure Sizer provides "one stop shopping" for any of IBM CF structures' sizing. The S/390 Coupling Facility Structure Sizer uses selected inputs and respective calculations to generate the initial and maximum structure size values for the CFRM policy. The sample CFRM statements that are generated by the tool can then be easily copied into the CFRM policy on the OS/390 system. This web based tool supports all IBM structures, (CICS, DB2, IMS, and S/390 Resource Sharing structures); it can be found at the Parallel Sysplex Web site at:

http://www.ibm.com/s390/pso/

System Automation for OS/390 Rel 1.3 SPE - Available Now: Parallel Sysplex automation needs to deal with the resources that are critical to the Parallel Sysplex cluster and application availability. This SPE can help operators to manage critical sysplex resources like Coupling Facilities and CF structures, coupling data sets, Sysplex messages, and more. Operators will benefit from reduced sysplex operations complexity. Also, automation routines exist to automate various XCF messages. Routines are available to take Coupling Facilities in and out of the Parallel Sysplex cluster and rebuild structures. In addition, some Parallel Sysplex resources are highlighted if they appear to be in an exception state (to help identify a problem before it becomes severe). This SPE is available via APAR OW39485/PTF UW99278. More information can be found on the System Automation Web site:

www.ibm.com/s390/sa/sainfos.html

Today, System Automation for OS/390 already helps you automate a sysplex by offering a broad range of functions. Marion Diederichs from Victoria Insurance says, "Without System Automation for OS/390, we would be not able to manage our Parallel Sysplexes."

System Automation for OS/390 also is the automation platform for GDPS; refer to the GDPS-CBU section in this announcement.)

System-Managed Rebuild - Available with OS/390 Version 2 Release 8 and higher: Prior to OS/390 R8, only "user-managed" structure rebuilds have been available. The challenge for the "user", i.e. the active connector set, was that it needed to be involved directly in rebuilding of the structure (participate in event exit protocols, explicitly allow or disallow XES rebuild process depending on code to support the necessary protocols). When the rebuild is system-managed instead of user-managed, the system performs all of the significant steps in the overall rebuild process on behalf of the connectors, with minimal participation by the connectors. System-managed Rebuild provides to system operations:

  • A consistent process for OS/390 to manage the rebuild of its user's structures.

  • An API to allow an a user application to determine optimum structure sizes (eliminating the need for manual calculations).

Early exploiters of System-Managed Rebuild include the JES2 Checkpoint and WLM multisystem enclaves, as described later. Other exploiters are planned and will use the new API/protocols, to provide rebuild process, and further minimize Parallel Sysplex operations complexity. Software vendors who do not presently support rebuild for their structures, may also exploit this improvement. To benefit from System-Managed Rebuild, at least two Coupling Facilities must be at CF level 8 or higher (the one in which a structure exists prior to rebuild, and the one in which it exists after the rebuild). All systems in the sysplex must be running at least OS/390 R8 or later releases.

Workload Manager (WLM) Multisystem Enclaves support in OS/390 Release 9 provides the capability to manage and report on parallel work requests that are executed on multiple OS/390 Images (For example, span a Parallel Sysplex cluster) as a single entity. This support extends the scope of an WLM enclave to include dispatchable units running on different OS/390 images in a Parallel Sysplex cluster, perform period switch based on a transaction's overall consumption of resources on all systems, and report a single completed transaction per parallel unit-of- work.

For example, work that begins as a part of a job on one system, can be split into parallel tasks that can then be exported to other systems for parallel processing. This function will simplify customer exploitation of applications/subsystem function in a Parallel Sysplex cluster such as DB2 Intelligent Miner for Data for OS/390 V6.1 (available 09/99). This WLM enhancement:

Eliminates customer-defined rules used to categorize split work requests.

Results in consistent goal-oriented management and reporting of large work requests. You are now able to report a single completed transaction per parallel unit of work.

Takes full and efficient advantage of all the systems resources in the Parallel Sysplex cluster.

Enclaves can be managed across the sysplex with the new function. Workload Manager is able to change the resource allocations as the unit(s) of work change. You can ensure the work receives appropriate resources no matter where it is running. OS/390 V2R7 Resource Measurement Facility (RMF) offers this support through an APAR (OW41317). This support requires CFCC Level 9 with OS/390 Rel 9 and introduces a Workload Manager structure.

OS/390 XES Parallel Sysplex Enhancements

The following Parallel Sysplex enhancements are available in OS/390 Version Release 9, or SPE, and will aid IT staff to trouble-shoot, as well as run a more efficient Parallel Sysplex configuration.

  • XES Structure Full Monitoring provides a consistent framework with externals for monitoring coupling facility structure utilization for all structures. XES will issue an operator message to inform the installation that the percentage utilization of structure resources has exceeded a threshold. The installation can take actions to determine why a structure is becoming full or to avoid the structure becoming full. APAR OW34514 provides the required compatibility PTFs for migration/coexistence on OS/390 R6 and higher. Pre-OS/390 R9 systems cannot perform monitoring but must be able to discontinue monitoring for a structure (IXC587I) and participate in cleanup for CF-based monitoring ownership. PTFs must be installed on all systems in the Parallel Sysplex cluster before any OS/390 R9 systems join the cluster.

  • XES Event Suppression may provide improved performance and throughput in certain Parallel Sysplex environments. XES Event Suppression allows coupling facility structure exploiters to optionally suppress certain XES events associated with connecting to, disconnecting from, and rebuilding coupling facility structures. In environments which have large numbers of connectors to a structure and/or frequent connections/disconnections, such as an IMS Batch environment, the overhead caused by the presentation of these XES events can be quite significant. Reduced performance and throughput often result, causing delays in connect, disconnect, and cleanup of coupling facility resources. With this new support in OS/390 R9 (or PTFs available now on OS/390 R6 and higher), and with exploitation by structure exploiters (such as IMS), overhead and delay can be avoided. The OS/390 APAR for this is OW38840. The IMS APARs are PQ26416 and PQ26491.

  • XES Coupling Facility (CF) List Structure Architecture Extensions improve the data sharing capabilities of coupling facility list structures. They enable new and improved coupling by sysplex-aware products and subsystems. The support includes:

    New ways to identify and name data in a list structure (program-specified list entry IDs).

    New methods of organizing and manipulating the data contained in a list structure (secondary keys, additional key comparison functions).

    New CF request types for operating on the data in a list structure (Move_EntryList and Delete_List commands), and powerful new techniques for monitoring data in a list structure (list and key-range monitoring and thresholding, sublist monitoring enhancements).

    These XES CF List Structure Architecture Extensions require CF level 9 support with OS/390 Version 2 Release 9.

  • Better Management of CF Structure Resources: Management of allocation of coupling facility structure resources among the several coupling facilities which may be available in a Parallel Sysplex configuration is now improved. Coupling facility structure exploiters can specify a hard, minimum CFLEVEL requirement for the coupling facility in which their structure must be allocated. This function, in OS/390 Release 9, allows exploiters to guarantee that their structure will always get allocated in a coupling facility at the appropriate CFCC level which provides the features and functions they require.

  • 512 Structures in CFRM Policy: Constraint relief for coupling facility structure definition in large Parallel Sysplex configurations is now available. Current support in the CFRM couple dataset format utility and administrative data utility limits the number of CF structures per CFRM policy to at most 255. This limit poses a constraint in some very large Parallel Sysplex configurations. With support in OS/390 Version 2 Release 9 (or PTFs available now on OS/390 R3 and higher), CFRM couple datasets may be formatted, and CFRM policies defined, with up to 512 CF structures. The OS/390 APAR number is OW19974.

  • ICF Recovery Enhancements: Several improvements are combined in this enhancement, which are relevant to configurations that include one or more Integrated Coupling Facilities (ICFs), or other non- standalone coupling facility images. Recovery from failures involving loss of connectivity to coupling facilities by one or more systems in the sysplex can be greatly simplified, often with no operator intervention. CF structure availability improvements and operational simplifications are also achieved through support which automatically cleans up CF structures (allocated in CFs which are inaccessible to structure exploiters trying to connect to them). Previously, manual intervention was often required to perform such cleanup. Improved reliability and operational simplification are also provided through support to internally retry certain "transient" failures that today can cause CF structure exploiters to be unable to connect to their structure. The installation may also take greater control over the placement of CF structures among the CFs in the configuration through the use of a new CFRM policy option, ENFORCEORDER. This option allows the installation to indicate that a structure's defined preference list ordering of CFs for structure allocation purposes is to be strictly enforced, rather than potentially being reordered to try to "optimize" structure placement. This support is available in OS/390 Release 9 (or via PTFs available now on OS/390 R3 and higher). The APAR number is OW33615.

S/390 Parallel Sysplex Operator - IBM Professional Certification

IBM Professional Certification offers two tests for an operator to become an IBM Certified Specialist in an S/390 Parallel Sysplex environment. The first test, Number 320, is targeted for an operator in a production resource sharing environment. The second test, Number 321 (available July, 1999), focuses on a data sharing environment with an emphasis on subsystems, data sharing and data recovery.

Certification is the process of making certain an individual has the capability to perform a job, duty or task at a predictable level of competency; it provides an external, independent validation and measurement of an individual's technical qualifications. These tests are developed by experienced practitioners of a skill, in this case S/390 Parallel Sysplex operators, and are both knowledge and experience based. The tests are administered world-wide by Sylvan Prometric or IBM Testing Centers. A candidate registers and schedules the test at their convenience. The test is computer based and multiple choice. Upon completion, a candidate is immediately informed if they passed and are to be certified. If they failed, the individual is provided with a study guideline. Candidates are also provided with a list of recommended education, experiences and references materials to prepare for the test.

An increasing number of customers are using IBM Professional Certification for S/390 Parallel Sysplex operators to ensure their staffs are trained and have demonstrated their competency by becoming certified. For more information, visit the IBM Professional Certification web site at http://www.ibm.com/certify.

IBM's ClusterProven--Software Assurance

IBM's ClusterProven -- the first computer industry program that includes solution developers -- provides customers with information technology that meets high availability specifications.

Software is tested on server clusters to assess its ability to meet defined criteria, such as maintaining application availability in the event of a failure. ClusterProven is part of IBM's efforts to provide customers with information technology that meets high availability standards going beyond simply fail-proof servers, or server clusters that can backup each other.

"IBM's strategy is to provide end-to-end information technologies that are always available -- from the servers through the services that tie it all together into a cohesive complete solution," said Carol Carson, director of cluster server marketing. "Last year, IBM introduced pre- packaged RS/6000 server cluster solutions and already this year we have introduced high availability service offerings designed to be tailored to customers' specific needs. ClusterProven is the latest step in IBM's efforts to provide information technologies that are always available -- by partnering with software developers to address the application software layer."

IBM makes available ClusterProven certification for software running on all its servers, including S/390, RS/6000, AS/400 and Netfinity.

Software can also obtain the status of Advanced ClusterProven by providing benefits beyond the ClusterProven level, such as:

  • Failure recovery with no impact to application availability by the end user;

  • Application recovery with no loss of in-flight data or transactions;

  • Further reduction, or total elimination, of costly downtime for planned upgrades.

To assist solution developers, IBM has five ClusterProven testing and support centers located in the U.S. and U.K. More information on ClusterProven can be found on the Internet at:

http://www.ibm.com/servers/clusters

The following products have received S/390 Advanced Clusterproven Certification:

  • IBM's DB2 Subsystem
  • IBM's IMS Subsystem
  • CSC Financial Services Group's Hogan System(TM) financial services application

The following have received S/390 Clusterproven Certification:

  • S/390's Domino

  • Deluxe Electronic Payment Systems Inc's Connex(TM) on IBM Electronic Funds Transfer Product

  • HUON Corporation's HUON solution for insurance policy, claims, and financial administration solution

Parallel Sysplex Services

The Enhanced S/390 Parallel Sysplex Offering (EPSO) provides an attractively priced package integrating hardware, maintenance and services, with competitive financing options, to encourage customers to migrate to S/390 Parallel Sysplex.

The IBM-provided migration and implementation services address the traditional lengthy migration process when many software products must be upgraded in order to have a working Parallel Sysplex data sharing environment. It is the intent of the services to migrate a selected application to Parallel Sysplex and be in a production data sharing environment within one year.

EPSO services include two comprehensive modules, Systems Enablement and Application Enablement. The objective of Systems Enablement is to establish a Parallel Sysplex environment. IBM provides assistance and guidance in building the system, validating the hardware, and implementing some system functions in the Coupling Facility. IBM is responsible for project management and provides guidance in migration planning and detailed implementation tasks. The system capabilities of a Parallel Sysplex are enabled providing a validation of the Parallel Sysplex environment.

In Application Enablement one customer application is enabled for Parallel Sysplex exploitation. IBM assists in selecting the application, developing a plan, and migrating the selected application to a Parallel Sysplex environment. IBM is responsible of project management and provides support and guidance in implementing data sharing and dynamic transaction routing, testing the application, migrating the application to production, and establishing a Parallel Sysplex in a production environment.

LPAR Mode Update

Single Storage Pool: The need to predesignate storage as either central storage (CS) or expanded storage (ES) prior to IML into LPAR mode mandates careful planning by a S/390 customer's system programmer in order to satisfy anticipated logical partition workloads. Frequently a non-optimum designation of storage must be made in order to accommodate a range of logical partition workloads that typically vary from time-to-time.

With the 9672 G6 (also available on G5 with a LIC update), a more flexible storage configuration is introduced which streamlines the planning effort by providing a single storage pool layout at IML time. In LPAR mode, storage is no longer split into CS and ES at IML time. Rather, the storage is placed into a single (CS) pool which can be dynamically converted to ES and back to CS as needed. Logical partitions are still specified to have CS and optional ES as before. Activation of logical partitions as well as dynamic storage reconfigurations will cause LPAR to convert the storage to the type needed.

No new software support is required to take advantage of this function.

S/390 Architecture Instructions Announced in 1999

  • Architecture for Capacity Upgrade on Demand

    Capacity Upgrade on Demand (CUoD) is based on new S/390 Configuration Reporting Architecture. The Configuration Reporting Architecture provides system level information such as the system serial number and the number of configured CPs, as well as information on a single CPU. A new instruction, Store System Information is introduced to allow streamlined reporting of information critical to effective system management of changes in system capacity. It will also serve as a single point of focus for reporting static, unchanged configuration data. Store System Information provides multiple levels of granularity. Information is reported on the general system, on all CPUs, or on a single CPU. The types of information reported are system and CPU serial numbers, functional characteristics, quantity and multiprocessor-related data. Also reported are plant of manufacture and CPU Address.

    The architecture of the Store System Information instruction provides information on the programming environment created by the PR/SM and VM/ESA hypervisors. System information can be requested at the machine level (non-hypervised), at the PR/SM level (if the system is logically partitioned), or at the VM hypervisor level (if a program is running in a virtual machine, whether VM/ESA is running in basic mode or in a logical partition). The Store System Information instruction allows information to be reported on each of these levels of operation. Initial VM support, in VM/ESA Version 2 Releases 2 and 3, is via APAR VM62075 and does not include the information described above for the VM-hypervisor level of operation. Information on other applicable VM support in individual VM releases will follow in future announcements.

    VM/ESA APAR VM62075 is required before this instruction can be issued from OS/390 guest systems running under VM/ESA.

    Notice to Independent Software Vendors: IBM plans to discontinue its use of the version code field of the "Store CPU ID" instruction (STIDP) to identify the processor model for processors which have the CUoD capability. With this announcement, ISVs are advised to use the new instruction, Store System Information (STSI) to obtain processor model and other related information for those processors.

  • Architecture for Extended Translation: The Unicode character encoding standard is an international character code for information processing that includes all the major scripts of the world. Unicode transformation formats allow a certain number of ASCII values to be transmitted as-is. UTF-8 is a transformation format that is commonly used, for example, in X/Open environments Unicode is enhanced with the Extended Translation Architecture. This improves performance of translations between Unicode and UTF-8. The Extended Translation Facility consists of three new instructions: Translate Extended, Convert Unicode to UTF-8, and Convert UTF-8 to Unicode. Translate Extended enhances performance by collapsing two serial sequences into one. Currently, a Translate and Test instruction must be run against a character string to locate an escape character, followed by a Translate instruction that translates the bytes preceding the escape character. The Translate Extended instruction performs escape character location and character translation one pass through the character string.

  • VSFORTRAN is enhanced to support the sixteen S/390 Floating Point Registers introduced into G5 with IEEE Floating Point. This will provide substantial runtime performance improvements for recompiled user applications.

VM and VSE Update

VM and VSE Pricing Announcement

IBM is announcing a new pricing structure for VM and VSE software that is applicable to processors with capacity greater than 80 MSUs. This new MSU-based structure, termed Extended License Charge (ELC), is consistent with that previously announced for OS/390 and continues the IBM commitment to price S/390 software based on customer value. This new pricing structure is applicable to the G6 models above the 80 MSU capacity level.

Processors with assigned capacity of 80 MSU, or greater, will now have VM and VSE software prices based on the CPU service unit capacity of the processor. The ELC price structure has a Base Charge for 80 MSU capacity and an incremental Per MSU charge for all MSUs above the 80 MSU base. For VM and VSE customers who are anticipating requiring computing capacity represented by this performance level, this pricing structure gives them greater granularity and better control over their software budgets.

Other News

  • VM/ESA Year 2000 Support

    VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2 support for the Year 2000 transition focused on ensuring that the VM/ESA system operates correctly in the Year 2000 and beyond. VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3 enhancements provide services that will help ease the transition to the Year 2000 and improve the usability of the system. VM/ESA Year 2000 support:

    • Enables 4-digit year dates in the operating system
    • Enables identification and conversion of applications to Year 2000 readiness
    • Enables the end user to view and use 4-digit years
    • Provides migration utilities to help ease the Year 2000 transition

    In addition, customers who are setting up Year 2000 test systems for S/390 platforms should consider VM/ESA. VM guest support provides a unique environment for Year 2000 testing of OS/390, MVS, TPF, VSE, and VM systems. Guest systems running under VM/ESA may run with their system clocks set to a different date and time than the host VM/ESA system without affecting the date and time of the host system. Multiple guests may be run simultaneously, each with a different date and time setting.

  • Euro Support

    VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2 and Release 3 are now EuroReady with the application of Euro support PTFs. Customers should refer to EuroReady information on the VM/ESA home page for a complete list of required PTFs at:

    http://www.ibm.com/s390/vm/euro/

    Included at this site are the required PTFs for VM TCP/IP Version 2 Release 4 and the TCP/IP FL310 feature of VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3, RSCS Version 3 Release 2.0, Language Environment Version 1 Releases 6 and 8, LANRES/VM Version 1 Release 3 and LFS/ESA for VM Version 1 Release 1.2.

    Links to other important Euro Web sites will also be found at this site.

  • e-business

    The network computing paradigm is not new to VM. Facilities such as Web serving, Web browsers for CMS, TCP/IP, and Distributed Relational Database Architecture (DRDA) have been available for years. VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3 includes an integrated TCP/IP product suite as a priced optional feature. This provides the communication and key enablers required to access the Internet and build a functionally rich network computing environment that exploits the strengths of S/390 architecture. In addition, IBM Business Partners provide secure Web servers for enabling e-business with VM/ESA. The Message Queuing (MQ) Interface is a popular network computing technology that enables applications on different systems and architectures to work together. VM/ESA support for MQ enables client or server applications, in the network, to connect to applications on VM that have implemented the MQ communication protocol. Deploying key enterprise applications is now easier in VM/ESA with support for the Sun Microsystems Inc. Java Development Kit (JDK), Version 1.1.4. Also, IBM has implemented the code changes necessary to fix the "Feb 29 2000" date format bug found in Sun's Java Development Kit Versions 1.1.4 and 1.1.5 and is, therefore, able to confirm that the IBM Java Port for VM/ESA is Year 2000 ready.

  • Server Consolidation

    IBM continues to enable the capability to consolidate workloads on VM/ESA. Tivoli ADSTAR(TM) Distributed Storage Manager (ADSM) provides the capability to utilize S/390 resources for the storage/retrieval of data. On September 1, 1998, IBM announced the intent to provide a new ADSM for VM/ESA that would provide ADSM Version 3 function, including powerful new enterprise management enhancements. The Network File System (NFS) server support on VM enables access to files stored on S/390 DASD including CMS minidisks and the VM Shared File System from any platform with an NFS Client. The NFS support in Version 2 Release 3 allows access to files stored in VM's native UNIX file system (the Byte File System).

  • Business Intelligence

    IBM DB2 Server for VSE VM, Version 6 Release 1 was made generally available on December 11, 1998, with key functions important to business intelligence. With this release of DB2, VM customers can:

    • Extend e-business capabilities and improve ease of configuration and maintainability through the use of DRDA RUOW over a TCP/IP network to connect databases in a distributed database solution. You can also choose to secure TCP/IP connections using any external security manager that supports the RACROUTE interface.

    • Reduce network costs associated with distributed statements by using a single network send and receive operation to execute a series of SQL statements contained in the stored procedure and provide faster access to your distributed data.

    • Protect your database investment and provide the support needed need for addressing changing business requirements while making systems ready for Year 2000 and Euro currency.

    • Improve database availability and decrease archive time with a new incremental archive capability. Only data that has changed since the last archive needs to be archived.

    • Increase system availability and response time and make better, faster business decisions with QMF and QMF for Windows as optional features that provide powerful, reliable query and reporting tools.

  • Technology Leadership

    VM/ESA supports OS/390 running as a guest operating system. This guest environment supports OS/390 exploitation of a new hardware function not supported by VM natively. One of these functions is testing a Parallel Sysplex system environment. VM/ESA provides a Parallel Sysplex testing environment for MVS or OS/390 guests with VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3 on S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server Generation 3, 4, 5, and 6 and on S/390 Multiprise 2000 servers. This support simulates one or more completely coupled Parallel Sysplex environments within a single VM image. VM supports MVS and OS/390 testing as an aid for customers' deployment of coupled Parallel Sysplex clusters. Real hardware coupling facilities and coupling links are not required nor supported. One or more virtual machines are the Coupled Guests (MVS or OS/390) and one or more are the Coupling Facility (CF) Servers running the S/390 server's licensed Coupling Facility Control Code (CFCC).

    S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server - Generation 6 (G6) VM/ESA supports the G6 natively, however, some recent G6 features are only supported for the guest environment. They are:

    • IEEE Floating Point

      This support enables OS/390 and other guest operating systems to use basic floating-point extensions, floating-point-support extensions, hexadecimal floating-point extensions, and binary floating-point, provided with the IEEE Floating-Point hardware. In addition, the VM/ESA Control Program DISPLAY, STORE, and TRACE commands are enhanced to aid in the development, testing, and diagnosis of programs that exploit the new floating-point architecture. This support is available via a PTF for APAR VM61672.

    • Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB)

      The ICB offers both improved CF interconnect bandwidth and dramatically reduced command latency to/from the CF. With the ICB technology, IBM S/390 clustered systems will be able to scale in capacity without incurring additional overhead as the individual processors increase in engine speed with each successive processor generation. The VM/ESA guest support for the ICB is provided via a PTF for APAR VM61760 and is needed if a G6 customer is running VM/ESA and OS/390 in different logical partitions on the same CEC and has the new cluster-bus coupling channels installed for OS/390. If VM/ESA is used to control dynamic I/O configuration changes on the CEC, this APAR will provide such support for cluster-bus channels.

IBM Global Finance (IGF)

IBM Global Financing offers superior leasing solutions for the G5 and G6 servers that will allow your company: better alternatives for improved cash flow and tax management, innovative options to keep technology current, flexible terms, and a host of other benefits.

  • Mid Lease flexibility - IGF communicates to customers at key points in the lease to offer options for mid-lease upgrades and end of lease alternatives. We have a variety of technology exchange and upgrade options that are leading edge in the industry and are exclusive to IGF.

  • No interim rent - Most IGF financing plans begin on the day following installation, so there are no extra charges or hidden expenses. Some finance companies apply interim rent to the first day of the following month. With competitive leasing companies, this can cause a customer to be billed from IBM or someone else for software and maintenance outside of the lease at the end of the term.

  • Payment in arrears. Most finance companies ask for payment in advance. With IGF you pay in arrears reducing the real cost of financing when you consider the time value of money.

  • Flexible payment arrangements - IGF offers financing to meet a variety of tax requirements and payments streams that can be modified to customer requirements, such as step and deferred payments.

  • There are some other advantages of leasing that are basic to the concept such as off balance sheet financing, and paying only for that part of the asset that is depreciable over the lease period. In addition from a tax point of view a customer who purchases must depreciate the asset over a 5 year period. This can leave customers with a loss on an asset that they would like to replace with a new system.

  • IBM Global Financing has the highest level of Customer Satisfaction of any company in the computer leasing business. We have the largest global reach doing business now in over 40 countries. We will also develop financing agreements that are worldwide.

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Models

Model Summary Matrix

                                   SAPs         Processor Storage
Model       Type        CPs  Standard Optional  Minimum   Maximum
----- ----------------  ---  -------- --------  -----------------
X17    1-Way Processor   1      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
X27    2-Way Processor   2      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
X37    3-Way Processor   3      2        1        5GB   -   32GB
X47    4-Way Processor   4      2        2        5GB   -   32GB
X57    5-Way Processor   5      2        3        5GB   -   32GB
X67    6-Way Processor   6      2        4        5GB   -   32GB
X77    7-Way Processor   7      2        5        5GB   -   32GB
X87    8-Way Processor   8      2        4        5GB   -   32GB
X97    9-Way Processor   9      2        3        5GB   -   32GB
XX7   10-Way Processor  10      2        2        5GB   -   32GB
XY7   11-Way Processor  11      2        1        5GB   -   32GB
XZ7   12-Way Processor  12      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
Z17    1-Way Processor   1      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
Z27    2-Way Processor   2      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
Z37    3-Way Processor   3      2        1        5GB   -   32GB
Z47    4-Way Processor   4      2        2        5GB   -   32GB
Z57    5-Way Processor   5      2        3        5GB   -   32GB
Z67    6-Way Processor   6      2        4        5GB   -   32GB
Z77    7-Way Processor   7      2        5        5GB   -   32GB
Z87    8-Way Processor   8      2        4        5GB   -   32GB
Z97    9-Way Processor   9      2        3        5GB   -   32GB
ZX7   10-Way Processor  10      2        2        5GB   -   32GB
ZY7   11-Way Processor  11      2        1        5GB   -   32GB
ZZ7   12-Way Processor  12      2        0        5GB   -   32GB
 

Customer Setup (CSU)

None.

Devices Supported

Not available.

Model Conversions

Note: (+) If field installed on a purchased machine, parts removed or replaced become the property of IBM and must be returned.

Model Conversion
From    To                       Processor Description
----   ----                      ----------------------
9672 Models R3 to G5:
 
R53    Y36           (+)        Five-way to Three-way
R63    Y36           (+)        Six-way to Three-way
R73    Y36           (+)        Seven-way to Three-way
R83    Y36           (+)        Eight-way to Three-way
RX3    Y36           (+)        Ten-way to Three-way
 
R53    Y46           (+)        Five-way to Four-way
R63    Y46           (+)        Six-way to Four-way
R73    Y46           (+)        Seven-way to Four-way
R83    Y46           (+)        Eight-way to Four-way
RX3    Y46           (+)        Ten-way to Four-way
 
9672 Models G3 to G5:
 
RA4    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
R14    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
RB4    Y36           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
R24    Y36           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
RC4    Y36           (+)        Three-way to Three-way
R34    Y36           (+)        Three-way to Three-way
R44    Y36           (+)        Four-way to Three-way
R54    Y36           (+)        Five-way to Three-way
R64    Y36           (+)        Six-way to Three-way
 
RA4    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
R14    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
RB4    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
R24    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
RC4    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
R34    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
R44    Y46           (+)        Four-way to Four-way
R54    Y46           (+)        Five-way to Four-way
R64    Y46           (+)        Six-way to Four-way
R74    Y46           (+)        Seven-way to Four-way
R84    Y46           (+)        Eight-way to Four-way
R94    Y46           (+)        Nine-way to Four-way
RX4    Y46           (+)        Ten-way to Four-way
 
9672 Models G4 to G5:
 
RA5    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
R15    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
RB5    Y36           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
R25    Y36           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
RC5    Y36           (+)        Three-way to Three-way
R35    Y36           (+)        Three-way to Three-way
R45    Y36           (+)        Four-way to Three-way
 
RA5    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
R15    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
RB5    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
R25    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
RC5    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
R35    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
R45    Y46           (+)        Four-way to Four-way
R55    Y46           (+)        Five-way to Four-way
R65    Y46           (+)        Six-way to Four-way
R75    Y46           (+)        Seven-way to Four-way
 
9672 Models G5 to G5:
 
RA6    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
RA6    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
R16    Y36           (+)        One-way to Three-way
R16    Y46           (+)        One-way to Four-way
RB6    Y36           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
RB6    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
R26    Y46           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
RC6    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
R36    Y46           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
 
9672 Models G3 to G6:
 
R84    X47           (+)        Eight-way to Four-way
R84    X57           (+)        Eight-way to Five-way
R84    X67           (+)        Eight-way to Six-way
R84    X77           (+)        Eight-way to Seven-way
R84    X87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
R84    X97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R84    XX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R84    XY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R84    XZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R84    Z77           (+)        Eight-way to Seven-way
R84    Z87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
R84    Z97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R84    ZX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R84    ZY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R84    ZZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R94    X47           (+)        Nine-way to Four-way
R94    X57           (+)        Nine-way to Five-way
R94    X67           (+)        Nine-way to Six-way
R94    X77           (+)        Nine-way to Seven-way
R94    X87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
R94    X97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
R94    XX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R94    XY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R94    XZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
R94    Z77           (+)        Nine-way to Seven-way
R94    Z87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
R94    Z97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
R94    ZX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R94    ZY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R94    ZZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
RX4    X47           (+)        Ten-way to Four-way
RX4    X57           (+)        Ten-way to Five-way
RX4    X67           (+)        Ten-way to Six-way
RX4    X77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RX4    X87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RX4    X97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RX4    XX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX4    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX4    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RX4    Z77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RX4    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RX4    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RX4    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX4    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX4    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RY4    X47           (+)        Ten-way to Four-way
RY4    X57           (+)        Ten-way to Five-way
RY4    X67           (+)        Ten-way to Six-way
RY4    X77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RY4    X87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RY4    X97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RY4    XX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RY4    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RY4    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RY4    Z77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RY4    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RY4    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RY4    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RY4    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RY4    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
R85    X47           (+)        Eight-way to Four-way
R85    X57           (+)        Eight-way to Five-way
R85    X67           (+)        Eight-way to Six-way
R85    X77           (+)        Eight-way to Seven-way
R85    X87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
R85    X97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R85    XX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R85    XY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R85    XZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R85    Z77           (+)        Eight-way to Seven-way
R85    Z87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
R85    Z97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R85    ZX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R85    ZY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R85    ZZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R95    X57           (+)        Nine-way to Five-way
R95    X67           (+)        Nine-way to Six-way
R95    X77           (+)        Nine-way to Seven-way
R95    X87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
R95    X97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
R95    XX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R95    XY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R95    XZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
R95    Z77           (+)        Nine-way to Seven-way
R95    Z87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
R95    Z97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
R95    ZX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R95    ZY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R95    ZZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
RX5    X57           (+)        Ten-way to Five-way
RX5    X67           (+)        Ten-way to Six-way
RX5    X77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RX5    X87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RX5    X97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RX5    XX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX5    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX5    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RX5    Z77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RX5    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RX5    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RX5    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX5    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX5    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RY5    X57           (+)        Ten-way to Five-way
RY5    X67           (+)        Ten-way to Six-way
RY5    X77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RY5    X87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RY5    X97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RY5    XX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RY5    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RY5    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RY5    Z77           (+)        Ten-way to Seven-way
RY5    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RY5    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RY5    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RY5    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RY5    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RC6    X47           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
RC6    X57           (+)        Three-way to Five-way
RC6    X67           (+)        Three-way to Six-way
RC6    X77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
RC6    X87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
RC6    X97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
RC6    XX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
RC6    XY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
RC6    XZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
RC6    Z77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
RC6    Z87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
RC6    Z97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
RC6    ZX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
RC6    ZY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
RC6    ZZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
RD6    X57           (+)        Four-way to Five-way
RD6    X67           (+)        Four-way to Six-way
RD6    X77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
RD6    X87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
RD6    X97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
RD6    XX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
RD6    XY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
RD6    XZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
RD6    Z77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
RD6    Z87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
RD6    Z97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
RD6    ZX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
RD6    ZY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
RD6    ZZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
T16    X27           (+)        One-way to Two-way
T16    X37           (+)        One-way to Three-way
T16    X47           (+)        One-way to Four-way
T16    X57           (+)        One-way to Five-way
T16    X67           (+)        One-way to Six-way
T16    X77           (+)        One-way to Seven-way
T16    X87           (+)        One-way to Eight-way
T16    X97           (+)        One-way to Nine-way
T16    XX7           (+)        One-way to Ten-way
T16    XY7           (+)        One-way to Eleven-way
T16    XZ7           (+)        One-way to Twelve-way
 
T16    Z27           (+)        One-way to Two-way
T16    Z37           (+)        One-way to Three-way
T16    Z47           (+)        One-way to Four-way
T16    Z57           (+)        One-way to Five-way
T16    Z67           (+)        One-way to Six-way
T16    Z77           (+)        One-way to Seven-way
T16    Z87           (+)        One-way to Eight-way
T16    Z97           (+)        One-way to Nine-way
T16    ZX7           (+)        One-way to Ten-way
T16    ZY7           (+)        One-way to Eleven-way
T16    ZZ7           (+)        One-way to Twelve-way
 
T26    X37           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
T26    X47           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
T26    X57           (+)        Two-way to Five-way
T26    X67           (+)        Two-way to Six-way
T26    X77           (+)        Two-way to Seven-way
T26    X87           (+)        Two-way to Eight-way
T26    X97           (+)        Two-way to Nine-way
T26    XX7           (+)        Two-way to Ten-way
T26    XY7           (+)        Two-way to Eleven-way
T26    XZ7           (+)        Two-way to Twelve-way
 
T26    Z37           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
T26    Z47           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
T26    Z57           (+)        Two-way to Five-way
T26    Z67           (+)        Two-way to Six-way
T26    Z77           (+)        Two-way to Seven-way
T26    Z87           (+)        Two-way to Eight-way
T26    Z97           (+)        Two-way to Nine-way
T26    ZX7           (+)        Two-way to Ten-way
T26    ZY7           (+)        Two-way to Eleven-way
T26    ZZ7           (+)        Two-way to Twelve-way
 
R36    X57           (+)        Three-way to Five-way
R36    X67           (+)        Three-way to Six-way
R36    X77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
R36    X87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
R36    X97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
R36    XX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
R36    XY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
R36    XZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
R36    Z77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
R36    Z87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
R36    Z97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
R36    ZX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
R36    ZY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
R36    ZZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
R46    X57           (+)        Four-way to Five-way
R46    X67           (+)        Four-way to Six-way
R46    X77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
R46    X87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
R46    X97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
R46    XX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
R46    XY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
R46    XZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
R46    Z77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
R46    Z87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
R46    Z97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
R46    ZX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
R46    ZY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
R46    ZZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
R56    X67           (+)        Five-way to Six-way
R56    X77           (+)        Five-way to Seven-way
R56    X87           (+)        Five-way to Eight-way
R56    X97           (+)        Five-way to Nine-way
R56    XX7           (+)        Five-way to Ten-way
R56    XY7           (+)        Five-way to Eleven-way
R56    XZ7           (+)        Five-way to Twelve-way
 
R56    Z77           (+)        Five-way to Seven-way
R56    Z87           (+)        Five-way to Eight-way
R56    Z97           (+)        Five-way to Nine-way
R56    ZX7           (+)        Five-way to Ten-way
R56    ZY7           (+)        Five-way to Eleven-way
R56    ZZ7           (+)        Five-way to Twelve-way
 
R66    X77           (+)        Six-way to Seven-way
R66    X87           (+)        Six-way to Eight-way
R66    X97           (+)        Six-way to Nine-way
R66    XX7           (+)        Six-way to Ten-way
R66    XY7           (+)        Six-way to Eleven-way
R66    XZ7           (+)        Six-way to Twelve-way
 
R66    Z77           (+)        Six-way to Seven-way
R66    Z87           (+)        Six-way to Eight-way
R66    Z97           (+)        Six-way to Nine-way
R66    ZX7           (+)        Six-way to Ten-way
R66    ZY7           (+)        Six-way to Eleven-way
R66    ZZ7           (+)        Six-way to Twelve-way
 
R76    X87           (+)        Seven-way to Eight-way
R76    X97           (+)        Seven-way to Nine-way
R76    XX7           (+)        Seven-way to Ten-way
R76    XY7           (+)        Seven-way to Eleven-way
R76    XZ7           (+)        Seven-way to Twelve-way
 
R76    Z77           (+)        Seven-way to Seven-way
R76    Z87           (+)        Seven-way to Eight-way
R76    Z97           (+)        Seven-way to Nine-way
R76    ZX7           (+)        Seven-way to Ten-way
R76    ZY7           (+)        Seven-way to Eleven-way
R76    ZZ7           (+)        Seven-way to Twelve-way
 
R86    X97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R86    XX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R86    XY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R86    XZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R86    Z77           (+)        Eight-way to Seven-way
R86    Z87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
R86    Z97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
R86    ZX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
R86    ZY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
R86    ZZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
R96    XX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R96    XY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R96    XZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
R96    Z77           (+)        Nine-way to Seven-way
R96    Z87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
R96    Z97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
R96    ZX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
R96    ZY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
R96    ZZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
RX6    XX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX6    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX6    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
RX6    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
RX6    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
RX6    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
RX6    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
RX6    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
Y16    Z27           (+)        One-way to Two-way
Y16    Z37           (+)        One-way to Three-way
Y16    Z47           (+)        One-way to Four-way
Y16    Z57           (+)        One-way to Five-way
Y16    Z67           (+)        One-way to Six-way
Y16    Z77           (+)        One-way to Seven-way
Y16    Z87           (+)        One-way to Eight-way
Y16    Z97           (+)        One-way to Nine-way
Y16    ZX7           (+)        One-way to Ten-way
Y16    ZY7           (+)        One-way to Eleven-way
Y16    ZZ7           (+)        One-way to Twelve-way
 
Y26    Z37           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
Y26    Z47           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
Y26    Z57           (+)        Two-way to Five-way
Y26    Z67           (+)        Two-way to Six-way
Y26    Z77           (+)        Two-way to Seven-way
Y26    Z87           (+)        Two-way to Eight-way
Y26    Z97           (+)        Two-way to Nine-way
Y26    ZX7           (+)        Two-way to Ten-way
Y26    ZY7           (+)        Two-way to Eleven-way
Y26    ZZ7           (+)        Two-way to Twelve-way
 
Y36    Z77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
Y36    Z87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
Y36    Z97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
Y36    ZX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
Y36    ZY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
Y36    ZZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
Y46    Z77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
Y46    Z87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
Y46    Z97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
Y46    ZX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
Y46    ZY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
Y46    ZZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
Y56    Z77           (+)        Five-way to Seven-way
Y56    Z87           (+)        Five-way to Eight-way
Y56    Z97           (+)        Five-way to Nine-way
Y56    ZX7           (+)        Five-way to Ten-way
Y56    ZY7           (+)        Five-way to Eleven-way
Y56    ZZ7           (+)        Five-way to Twelve-way
 
Y66    Z77           (+)        Six-way to Seven-way
Y66    Z87           (+)        Six-way to Eight-way
Y66    Z97           (+)        Six-way to Nine-way
Y66    ZX7           (+)        Six-way to Ten-way
Y66    ZY7           (+)        Six-way to Eleven-way
Y66    ZZ7           (+)        Six-way to Twelve-way
 
Y76    Z77           (+)        Seven-way to Seven-way
Y76    Z87           (+)        Seven-way to Eight-way
Y76    Z97           (+)        Seven-way to Nine-way
Y76    ZX7           (+)        Seven-way to Ten-way
Y76    ZY7           (+)        Seven-way to Eleven-way
Y76    ZZ7           (+)        Seven-way to Twelve-way
 
Y86    Z87           (+)        Eight-way to Eight-way
Y86    Z97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
Y86    ZX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
Y86    ZY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
Y86    ZZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
Y96    Z87           (+)        Nine-way to Eight-way
Y96    Z97           (+)        Nine-way to Nine-way
Y96    ZX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
Y96    ZY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
Y96    ZZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
YX6    Z87           (+)        Ten-way to Eight-way
YX6    Z97           (+)        Ten-way to Nine-way
YX6    ZX7           (+)        Ten-way to Ten-way
YX6    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
YX6    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
R06    X37           (+)        R06 to Three-way  (See note)
R06    X47           (+)        R06 to Four-way   (See note)
R06    X57           (+)        R06 to Five-way   (See note)
R06    X67           (+)        R06 to Six-way    (See note)
R06    X77           (+)        R06 to Seven-way  (See note)
R06    X87           (+)        R06 to Eight-way  (See note)
R06    X97           (+)        R06 to Nine-way   (See note)
R06    XX7           (+)        R06 to Ten-way    (See note)
R06    XY7           (+)        R06 to Eleven-way (See note)
R06    XZ7           (+)        R06 to Twelve-way (See note)
 
R06    Z77           (+)        R06 to Seven-way  (See note)
R06    Z87           (+)        R06 to Eight-way  (See note)
R06    Z97           (+)        R06 to Nine-way   (See note)
R06    ZX7           (+)        R06 to Ten-way    (See note)
R06    ZY7           (+)        R06 to Eleven-way (See note)
R06    ZZ7           (+)        R06 to Twelve-way (See note)
 

G6 Vertical Upgrades:

X17    X27           (+)        One-way to Two-way
X17    X37           (+)        One-way to Three-way
X17    X47           (+)        One-way to Four-way
X17    X57           (+)        One-way to Five-way
X17    X67           (+)        One-way to Six-way
X17    X77           (+)        One-way to Seven-way
X17    X87           (+)        One-way to Eight-way
X17    X97           (+)        One-way to Nine-way
X17    XX7           (+)        One-way to Ten-way
X17    XY7           (+)        One-way to Eleven-way
X17    XZ7           (+)        One-way to Twelve-way
 
X27    X37           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
X27    X47           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
X27    X57           (+)        Two-way to Five-way
X27    X67           (+)        Two-way to Six-way
X27    X77           (+)        Two-way to Seven-way
X27    X87           (+)        Two-way to Eight-way
X27    X97           (+)        Two-way to Nine-way
X27    XX7           (+)        Two-way to Ten-way
X27    XY7           (+)        Two-way to Eleven-way
X27    XZ7           (+)        Two-way to Twelve-way
 
X37    X47           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
X37    X57           (+)        Three-way to Five-way
X37    X67           (+)        Three-way to Six-way
X37    X77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
X37    X87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
X37    X97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
X37    XX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
X37    XY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
X37    XZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
X47    X57           (+)        Four-way to Five-way
X47    X67           (+)        Four-way to Six-way
X47    X77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
X47    X87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
X47    X97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
X47    XX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
X47    XY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
X47    XZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
X57    X67           (+)        Five-way to Six-way
X57    X77           (+)        Five-way to Seven-way
X57    X87           (+)        Five-way to Eight-way
X57    X97           (+)        Five-way to Nine-way
X57    XX7           (+)        Five-way to Ten-way
X57    XY7           (+)        Five-way to Eleven-way
X57    XZ7           (+)        Five-way to Twelve-way
 
X67    X77           (+)        Six-way to Seven-way
X67    X87           (+)        Six-way to Eight-way
X67    X97           (+)        Six-way to Nine-way
X67    XX7           (+)        Six-way to Ten-way
X67    XY7           (+)        Six-way to Eleven-way
X67    XZ7           (+)        Six-way to Twelve-way
 
X77    X87           (+)        Seven-way to Eight-way
X77    X97           (+)        Seven-way to Nine-way
X77    XX7           (+)        Seven-way to Ten-way
X77    XY7           (+)        Seven-way to Eleven-way
X77    XZ7           (+)        Seven-way to Twelve-way
 
X87    X97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
X87    XX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
X87    XY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
X87    XZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
X97    XX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
X97    XY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
X97    XZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
XX7    XY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
XX7    XZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
XX7    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
XX7    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
XY7    XZ7           (+)        Eleven-way to Twelve-way
XY7    ZZ7           (+)        Eleven-way to Twelve-way
 
XZ7    ZZ7           (+)        Twelve-way to Twelve-way
 
Z17    Z27           (+)        One-way to Two-way
Z17    Z37           (+)        One-way to Three-way
Z17    Z47           (+)        One-way to Four-way
Z17    Z57           (+)        One-way to Five-way
Z17    Z67           (+)        One-way to Six-way
Z17    Z77           (+)        One-way to Seven-way
Z17    Z87           (+)        One-way to Eight-way
Z17    Z97           (+)        One-way to Nine-way
Z17    ZX7           (+)        One-way to Ten-way
Z17    ZY7           (+)        One-way to Eleven-way
Z17    ZZ7           (+)        One-way to Twelve-way
 
Z27    Z37           (+)        Two-way to Three-way
Z27    Z47           (+)        Two-way to Four-way
Z27    Z57           (+)        Two-way to Five-way
Z27    Z67           (+)        Two-way to Six-way
Z27    Z77           (+)        Two-way to Seven-way
Z27    Z87           (+)        Two-way to Eight-way
Z27    Z97           (+)        Two-way to Nine-way
Z27    ZX7           (+)        Two-way to Ten-way
Z27    ZY7           (+)        Two-way to Eleven-way
Z27    ZZ7           (+)        Two-way to Twelve-way
 
Z37    Z47           (+)        Three-way to Four-way
Z37    Z57           (+)        Three-way to Five-way
Z37    Z67           (+)        Three-way to Six-way
Z37    Z77           (+)        Three-way to Seven-way
Z37    Z87           (+)        Three-way to Eight-way
Z37    Z97           (+)        Three-way to Nine-way
Z37    ZX7           (+)        Three-way to Ten-way
Z37    ZY7           (+)        Three-way to Eleven-way
Z37    ZZ7           (+)        Three-way to Twelve-way
 
Z47    Z57           (+)        Four-way to Five-way
Z47    Z67           (+)        Four-way to Six-way
Z47    Z77           (+)        Four-way to Seven-way
Z47    Z87           (+)        Four-way to Eight-way
Z47    Z97           (+)        Four-way to Nine-way
Z47    ZX7           (+)        Four-way to Ten-way
Z47    ZY7           (+)        Four-way to Eleven-way
Z47    ZZ7           (+)        Four-way to Twelve-way
 
Z57    Z67           (+)        Five-way to Six-way
Z57    Z77           (+)        Five-way to Seven-way
Z57    Z87           (+)        Five-way to Eight-way
Z57    Z97           (+)        Five-way to Nine-way
Z57    ZX7           (+)        Five-way to Ten-way
Z57    ZY7           (+)        Five-way to Eleven-way
Z57    ZZ7           (+)        Five-way to Twelve-way
 
Z67    Z77           (+)        Six-way to Seven-way
Z67    Z87           (+)        Six-way to Eight-way
Z67    Z97           (+)        Six-way to Nine-way
Z67    ZX7           (+)        Six-way to Ten-way
Z67    ZY7           (+)        Six-way to Eleven-way
Z67    ZZ7           (+)        Six-way to Twelve-way
 
Z77    Z87           (+)        Seven-way to Eight-way
Z77    Z97           (+)        Seven-way to Nine-way
Z77    ZX7           (+)        Seven-way to Ten-way
Z77    ZY7           (+)        Seven-way to Eleven-way
Z77    ZZ7           (+)        Seven-way to Twelve-way
 
Z87    Z97           (+)        Eight-way to Nine-way
Z87    ZX7           (+)        Eight-way to Ten-way
Z87    ZY7           (+)        Eight-way to Eleven-way
Z87    ZZ7           (+)        Eight-way to Twelve-way
 
Z97    ZX7           (+)        Nine-way to Ten-way
Z97    ZY7           (+)        Nine-way to Eleven-way
Z97    ZZ7           (+)        Nine-way to Twelve-way
 
ZX7    ZY7           (+)        Ten-way to Eleven-way
ZX7    ZZ7           (+)        Ten-way to Twelve-way
 
ZY7    ZZ7           (+)        Eleven-way to Twelve-way
 

Note: ICFs are brought forward (converted) to new model. ICFs will be brought forward until no spare PUs are available. No ICF is available on XZ7 and ZZ7.

Parts removed or replaced become the property of IBM and must be returned.

Upgrade options for Model R06 depend upon the base MCM originally installed.

Feature Conversions:

  Feature      Description
From    To
----   ----   -------------
0014   0216    Intersystem Channel Adapter
0016   0216    Intersystem Channel Adapter
0017   0018    Channel to Channel
0017   0029    Channel to Channel
0018   0029    Channel to Channel
0028   0018    Channel to Channel
0028   0029    Channel to Channel
0071   0072    SE to Dual SE
0050   0059    CEC Cage to CEC Cage
0055   0059    CEC Cage to CEC Cage
0056   0059    CEC Cage to CEC Cage
0057   0059    CEC Cage to CEC Cage
0058   0059    CEC Cage to CEC Cage
0071   0072    SE to Dual SE
0811   0814    From CDMF w/Exportable PKA to DES w/PKA
0812   0814    From DES w/Exportable PKA to DES w/PKA
0813   0815    From DES w/Exp. PKA & TKE to DES w/PKA & TKE
0832   0834    From TDES w/Exp. PKA to TDES w/PKA
0833   0835    From TDES w/Exp. PKA & TDES to TDES w/PKA & TKE
2317   2337    IBB 1 wide to FIBB 1 wide
2317   2339    IBB 1 wide to FIBB 1 wide
2327   2337    IBB 2 wide to FIBB 2 wide
2327   2339    IBB 2 wide to FIBB 2 wide
2020   2021    I/O Cage to I/O Cage
 
Upgrades from 9672 Model R06 to Xn7 and Zn7 models:
 
7971   1152    1-ICF to Three-way
7971   1153    1-ICF to Four-way
7971   1154    1-ICF to Five-way
7971   1155    1-ICF to Six-way
7971   1156    1-ICF to Seven-way
7971   1157    1-ICF to Eight-way
7971   1158    1-ICF to Nine-way
7971   1159    1-ICF to Ten-way
7971   1160    1-ICF to Eleven-way
7971   1161    1-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7971   1168    1-ICF to Seven-way
7971   1169    1-ICF to Eight-way
7971   1170    1-ICF to Nine-way
7971   1171    1-ICF to Ten-way
7971   1172    1-ICF to Eleven-way
7971   1173    1-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7972   1152    2-ICF to Three-way
7972   1153    2-ICF to Four-way
7972   1154    2-ICF to Five-way
7972   1155    2-ICF to Six-way
7972   1156    2-ICF to Seven-way
7972   1157    2-ICF to Eight-way
7972   1158    2-ICF to Nine-way
7972   1159    2-ICF to Ten-way
7972   1160    2-ICF to Eleven-way
7972   1161    2-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7972   1168    2-ICF to Seven-way
7972   1169    2-ICF to Eight-way
7972   1170    2-ICF to Nine-way
7972   1171    2-ICF to Ten-way
7972   1172    2-ICF to Eleven-way
7972   1173    2-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7973   1153    3-ICF to Four-way
7973   1154    3-ICF to Five-way
7973   1155    3-ICF to Six-way
7973   1156    3-ICF to Seven-way
7973   1157    3-ICF to Eight-way
7973   1158    3-ICF to Nine-way
7973   1159    3-ICF to Ten-way
7973   1160    3-ICF to Eleven-way
7973   1161    3-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7973   1168    3-ICF to Seven-way
7973   1169    3-ICF to Eight-way
7973   1170    3-ICF to Nine-way
7973   1171    3-ICF to Ten-way
7973   1172    3-ICF to Eleven-way
7973   1173    3-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7974   1153    4-ICF to Four-way
7974   1154    4-ICF to Five-way
7974   1155    4-ICF to Six-way
7974   1156    4-ICF to Seven-way
7974   1157    4-ICF to Eight-way
7974   1158    4-ICF to Nine-way
7974   1159    4-ICF to Ten-way
7974   1160    4-ICF to Eleven-way
7974   1161    4-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7974   1168    4-ICF to Seven-way
7974   1169    4-ICF to Eight-way
7974   1170    4-ICF to Nine-way
7974   1171    4-ICF to Ten-way
7974   1172    4-ICF to Eleven-way
7975   1173    4-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7975   1154    5-ICF to Five-way
7975   1155    5-ICF to Six-way
7975   1156    5-ICF to Seven-way
7975   1157    5-ICF to Eight-way
7975   1158    5-ICF to Nine-way
7975   1159    5-ICF to Ten-way
7975   1160    5-ICF to Eleven-way
7975   1161    5-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7975   1168    5-ICF to Seven-way
7975   1169    5-ICF to Eight-way
7975   1170    5-ICF to Nine-way
7975   1171    5-ICF to Ten-way
7975   1172    5-ICF to Eleven-way
7975   1173    5-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7976   1154    6-ICF to Five-way
7976   1155    6-ICF to Six-way
7976   1156    6-ICF to Seven-way
7976   1157    6-ICF to Eight-way
7976   1158    6-ICF to Nine-way
7976   1159    6-ICF to Ten-way
7976   1160    6-ICF to Eleven-way
7976   1161    6-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7976   1168    6-ICF to Seven-way
7976   1169    6-ICF to Eight-way
7976   1170    6-ICF to Nine-way
7976   1171    6-ICF to Ten-way
7976   1172    6-ICF to Eleven-way
7976   1173    6-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7977   1155    7-ICF to Six-way
7977   1156    7-ICF to Seven-way
7977   1157    7-ICF to Eight-way
7977   1158    7-ICF to Nine-way
7977   1159    7-ICF to Ten-way
7977   1160    7-ICF to Eleven-way
7977   1161    7-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7977   1168    7-ICF to Seven-way
7977   1169    7-ICF to Eight-way
7977   1170    7-ICF to Nine-way
7977   1171    7-ICF to Ten-way
7977   1172    7-ICF to Eleven-way
7977   1173    7-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7978   1155    8-ICF to Six-way
7978   1156    8-ICF to Seven-way
7978   1157    8-ICF to Eight-way
7978   1158    8-ICF to Nine-way
7978   1159    8-ICF to Ten-way
7978   1160    8-ICF to Eleven-way
7978   1161    8-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7978   1168    8-ICF to Seven-way
7978   1169    8-ICF to Eight-way
7978   1170    8-ICF to Nine-way
7978   1171    8-ICF to Ten-way
7978   1172    8-ICF to Eleven-way
7978   1173    8-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7979   1156    9-ICF to Seven-way
7979   1157    9-ICF to Eight-way
7979   1158    9-ICF to Nine-way
7979   1159    9-ICF to Ten-way
7979   1160    9-ICF to Eleven-way
7979   1161    9-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7979   1168    9-ICF to Seven-way
7979   1169    9-ICF to Eight-way
7979   1170    9-ICF to Nine-way
7979   1171    9-ICF to Ten-way
7979   1172    9-ICF to Eleven-way
7979   1173    9-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7980   1156   10-ICF to Seven-way
7980   1157   10-ICF to Eight-way
7980   1158   10-ICF to Nine-way
7980   1159   10-ICF to Ten-way
7980   1160   10-ICF to Eleven-way
7980   1161   10-ICF to Twelve-way
 
7980   1168   10-ICF to Seven-way
7980   1169   10-ICF to Eight-way
7980   1170   10-ICF to Nine-way
7980   1171   10-ICF to Ten-way
7980   1172   10-ICF to Eleven-way
7980   1173   10-ICF to Twelve-way
 

Parts removed as a result of a model change become the property of IBM.
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Technical Description
TOC Link Physical Specifications TOC Link Operating Environment TOC Link Limitations
TOC Link Hardware Requirements TOC Link Software Requirements


Physical Specifications

Not available.

Operating Environment

Not available.

Limitations

Not applicable.

Hardware Requirements

Not applicable.

Software Requirements

IBM 9672 G6 Parallel Enterprise Server models will be supported by the following operating systems in Basic mode and in LPAR mode:

  • OS/390 and MVS

    Note: Use IBM Service Link or contact your IBM representative to obtain a current copy of the Preventive Service Planning (PSP) Bucket (UPGRADE: 9672DEVICE, SUBSET: 9672OS390G5+). This contains specific MVS/ESA software planning information; for example, Authorized Program Analysis Reports (APARs) and Program Temporary Fixes (PTFs) required for each of the following levels of support.

    • OS/390 Version 2 Release 7

    • OS/390 Version 2 Release 6

      Provides support for IEEE Floating Point Arithmetic enablement.

    • OS/390 Version 2 Release 5

    • OS/390 Version 2 Release 4

    • OS/390 Version 1 Release 3

      Provides support for the Integrated Cluster Bus (ICB), FICON, and the Internal Coupling (IC) channel, with appropriate APARs installed.

    • OS/390 Version 1 Release 2

    • OS/390 Version 1 Release 1

    • MVS/ESA System Product Version 5 Release 2 and subsequent releases

    • MVS/ESA System Product Version 5 Release 1

      Provides support for the Subspace Group Facility and growth to coupling-capable platforms. Refer to Software Announcement 294-152, dated April 6, 1994, for further details.

    • ICSF/MVS 2.1

      ICSF/MVS 2.1 is available at no charge to support the Cryptographic Coprocessor function on the S/390 G6 Parallel Enterprise Server processors. It must be ordered as a standalone program product whenever OS/390 R1, R2, or R3 is the operating system; ISCF/MVS 2.1 is included in the base for OS/390 R4 and R5. Later releases of ISCF/MVS are included in OS/390 Release 6 and follow on releases.

  • VM

    The following VM releases are supported in Basic and LPAR mode:

    • VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3
    • VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2

    Applicable PTFs for VM/ESA APARs are required to support the S/390 Generation 5 Enterprise Server; they are:

    • APAR VM61244 and VM60828 for VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2.0
    • APAR VM60645, VM61244, and VM60828 for VM/ESA Version 2 Release 1.0 and VM/ESA Version 1 Release 2.2

    There is a required maintenance level for VM/ESA to IPL on processors with the Cryptographic Coprocessor feature. Existing VM/ESA systems should be upgraded to the required RSU level prior to the installation of a S/390 Server with the Cryptographic Coprocessor. The required RSU level which incorporates the PTFs mentioned above for each of the currently supported releases of VM/ESA are as follows:

    • VM/ESA Version 2 Release 2.0 - RSU 9707
    • VM/ESA Version 2 Release 1.0 - RSU 9704
    • VM/ESA Version 1 Release 2.2 - RSU 9702

    VM/ESA Version 2 Release 3 does not require a specific service level.

    The S/390 Generation 5 and Generation 6 Parallel 5 Enterprise Server models do not support S/370 mode operations. Therefore, the following VM systems or functions will not execute on a G6 server:

    • Any unsupported release of VM
    • 370-mode CMS virtual machines
    • 370-mode guests

  • VSE

    The following VSE versions are supported in Basic and LPAR mode:

    • VSE/ESA (TM) Version 2 Release 4 (available June 1999)
    • VSE/ESA (TM) Version 2 Release 3
    • VSE/ESA (TM) Version 2 Release 2
    • VSE/ESA (TM) Version 2 Release 1
    • VSE/ESA (TM) Version 1 Release 4 (ESA mode only)

      Note: VSE/ESA Version 1 Release 4 continues to be available at this time and is best viewed as an accommodation which allows customers to begin the work needed to protect their extensive investments in VSE technology. Longer term, even VSE/ESA Version 1 Release 4 users should plan to move to an environment with VSE/ESA Version 2 Release 2 (or later) and S/390 servers.

  • Transaction Processing Facility (TPF)
    • TPF Version 4 Release 1

      The base product and the High Performance Option (HPO) Loosely Coupled facility supports the 9672 processors. APAR PJ26146 is required to operate more than 8 CPs in a tightly coupled image. When running in a loosely coupled environment, the Sysplex Timer attachment and TPF ESA mode is required. TPF ESA mode is standard on the 9672 processors. To achieve full performance in multi-engine environments, TPF ESA mode operation is required.

For the S/390 Open Systems Adapter Feature, refer to Planning for the S/390 Open Systems Adapter (GC23-3870) for software requirements for OSA-2 and for the S/390 Open Systems Adapter Support Facility.
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Publications

Not available.
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Features -- Specify/Special/Exchange
TOC Link No Charge Specify Codes TOC Link Special Feature Codes -- Chargeable TOC Link Feature Exchanges


No Charge Specify Codes

Feature Descriptions

                      Machine         Feature
Description           Type     Model  Number    Note
--------------------- ------- ------- -------   -----
S/390 Parallel         9672
Enterprise Servers
STORAGE
Memory Replacement                     7000      (+)(4)
5.0 GB Memory                          7050
6.0 GB Memory                          7060
7.0 GB Memory                          7070
8.0 GB Memory                          7080
10  GB Memory                          7100
12  GB Memory                          7120
16  GB Memory                          7160
20  GB Memory                          7200      (2)
24  GB Memory                          7240      (2)
28  GB Memory                          7280      (2)
32  GB Memory                          7320      (2)
Coupling Link 10 km                    0008
CEC/Cage Airflow Cd                    0012
ISC Airflow Cd                         0013
Channel Driver Cd (5L CHA)             0018
Token Ring/HMC                         0023
3270/HMC                               0026
Channel Driver Cd                      0029
Ethernet/SE                            0034
Service Element Token Ring             0037
WAC Card                               0038
HMC Console with RSF                   0041
CEC Cage                               0059
Console w/RSF                          0061
Service Element (Dual) - G6            0072
MCP Cable (50u MCP-FICON)              0103
MCP Cable (50u MCP-Gbe LX)             0104
MCP Cable (62.5u MCP-Gbe LX)           0105
MCP Cable (62.5u MCP-FICON)            0106
Mode Cond. Jumper (single mode)        0107
Hyperlink Adapter Card (16MB)          0216
10 meter ICB Cable                     0226      (5)
Smart Card                             0807
Crypto                                 0800
No Crypto                              0808
TKE Hardware (for Ethernet)            0809
TKE Hardware (for Token Ring)          0806
T-DES w/PKA                            0834
T-DES w/PKA  TKE                       0835
CBU Test Diskette                      0840
PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor Hdw.     0860
DES with PKA enablement diskette       0864
TDES with PKA enablement diskette      0865
Improved TKE (Token-ring version)      0866
Improved TKE (Ethernet- workstation    0869
Optional SAP                           0990
Optional ICF                           0991
ICB (Integrated Cluster Bus)           0992
STI Extender Card                      0994
Custom Quick Shipment                  1748
Control for Plan-Ahead                 1995      (4)
Concurrent Conditioning                1999
I/O Expansion Cage (A or Z frame)      2020
I/O Expansion Cage (A Frame only)      2021
JCM OPS                                2029
Internal Battery Feature               2210
CHANNELS
Parallel Channel Cd                    2304
Escon Channel Cd                       2313
FICON Channel Cd                       2314      (3)
FIBB Card-Single Wide                  2337
FIBB Card + STI cables                 2339
OSA-Express GbE SX                     2350
OSA-Express GbE LX                     2351
OSA2 Token Ring                        5201
OSA2 FDDI                              5202
OSA2 ATM 155 Mb MM                     5206
OSA2 ATM 155 Mb SM                     5207
OSA2 Fast Ethernet                     5208
Additional Frame                       3020
ESO Identifier                         3490
EPSO Identifier                        3491
ebSO e-business Server Offer           3492
ETR Master Cd                          6150
ETR Dual Port                          6152
ETR Ext Cable                          6153
1 Pwr Ctlr                             6301
2 Pwr Ctlrs                            6302
Fiber Trunking: 6 position Tailgate    7930
Fiber Trunking: 9 position Tailgate    7931
Fiber Harness: 8 Ft.                   7932
Capacity Backup Feature (X*7)          7997
Capacity Backup Feature (Z*7)          7998
Sml Console Display                    6090
Lrg Console Display                    6091
4.8 meter, Non-US                      8888
1.8 meter, 480 Volt                    8889
4.8 meter, 480 Volt                    8890
1.8 meter, US, Chicago                 8886
4.8 meter, US, Non-Chicago             8887
Northern Hemisphere                    9930
Southern Hemisphere                    9931
MCM Service Tool Kit                   9962
Frame Reduction for shipping           9978
 
The following features are not orderable on the 9672 G6 models, however if they are installed at the time of an upgrade to the G6 models they may remain installed.  
ISC Multimode Coupling Link 0007 ISC Card Adapter 0016 Processor Unit Optimizer 1998 Parallel Channel Cd 2303 Additional Frame 3010 Power Controller 6201 Power Controller 6202  

Note: (2) Features 7200, 7240, 7280, and 7320 will be available June 30, 1999.

Note: (3) Feature 2314 will be available August 31, 1999

Note: (4) Includes G5 models RA6, RB6, RC6, RD6, R16, R26, R36, R46, R56, R66, R76, R86, R96, RX6, T16, T26, Y16, Y26, Y36, Y46, Y56, Y66, Y76, Y86, Y96, YX6, R06; G6 models X17, X27, X37, X47, X57, X67, X77, X87, X97, XX7, XY7, XZ7, Z17, Z27, Z37, Z47, Z57, Z67, Z77, Z87, Z97, ZX7, ZY7, ZZ7.

Note: (5) Feature 0226 also applicable to Model R06

Note: (+) If field installed on a purchased machine, parts removed or replaced become the property of IBM and must be returned.

Feature Descriptions

S/390 Generation 6: Model Configurations Summary:

Model     # of Channels:
          Parallel    ESCON       FICON
          Mi/Mx-Incr  Mi/Mx-Incr  Mn/Mx-Incr
--------  ----- ----  --------    ----------  ----------
9672-X17  0  96  4    0  256 4    0  24  1
9672-X27  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X37  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X47  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X57  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X67  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X77  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X87  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-X97  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-XX7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-XY7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-XZ7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
 
9672-Z17  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z27  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z37  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z47  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z57  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z67  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z77  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z87  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-Z97  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-ZX7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-ZY7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
9672-ZZ7  "   "  "    "   "  "    "   "  "
 

G6 Configuration Options

Model    # of  # of # of SAPs:   Storage:  Maximum @ of:
         PUs   CPs  Std. Option. Min/Max   ICFs   ICBs  STIs HIPerLinks
-------- ----  ---- ---- ------- --- ---   ----   ----  ---- -----------
9672-X17+ 14    1    2    0      5GB 32GB  11      18    24    32
9672-X27+ 14    2    2    0      5GB 32GB  10      18    24    32
9672-X37  14    3    2    1      5GB 32GB   9      18    24    32
9672-X47  14    4    2    2      5GB 32GB   8      18    24    32
9672-X57  14    5    2    3      5GB 32GB   7      18    24    32
9672-X67  14    6    2    4      5GB 32GB   6      18    24    32
9672-X77  14    7    2    5      5GB 32GB   5      18    24    32
9672-X87  14    8    2    4      5GB 32GB   4      18    24    32
9672-X97  14    9    2    3      5GB 32GB   3      18    24    32
9672-XX7  14   10    2    2      5GB 32GB   2      18    24    32
9672-XY7  14   11    2    1      5GB 32GB   1      18    24    32
9672-XZ7  14   12    2    0      5GB 32GB   0      18    24    32
 
9672-Z17+ 14    1    2    0      5GB 32GB  11      18    24    32
9672-Z27+ 14    2    2    0      5GB 32GB  10      18    24    32
9672-Z37+ 14    3    2    1      5GB 32GB   9      18    24    32
9672-Z47+ 14    4    2    2      5GB 32GB   8      18    24    32
 
9672-Z57+ 14    5    2    3      5GB 32GB   7      18    24    32
9672-Z67+ 14    6    2    4      5GB 32GB   6      18    24    32
9672-Z77  14    7    2    5      5GB 32GB   5      18    24    32
9672-Z87  14    8    2    4      5GB 32GB   4      18    24    32
9672-Z97  14    9    2    3      5GB 32GB   3      18    24    32
9672-ZX7  14   10    2    2      5GB 32GB   2      18    24    32
9672-ZY7  14   11    2    1      5GB 32GB   1      18    24    32
9672-ZZ7  14   12    2    0      5GB 32GB   0      18    24    32
 

Note: (+) CBU model.

Server Storage Increments (GB)

  • Models X17 through ZZ7: 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32

Cryptographic Coprocesser Use

Models X17, Z17 both use only (1) Cryptographic coprocessor. All others use (2) Cryptographic coprocessors.

Features -- Specify Exchange

(#0007, #0008, #0216) Coupling Links

  • S/390 G6 Parallel Enterprise Server 9672 Models
    • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 32; Increments - 1
  • S/390 G6 Parallel Enterprise Server 9672 R06 Models
    • Minimum - 1; Maximum - 32; Increments - 1

Coupling Links are used to connect a coupling capable server to a Coupling Facility. The Coupling Facility can either be a 9674, a 9672 R06, an Internal Coupling Facility (ICF), or a coupling-capable server running Coupling Facility Control Code (CFCC). Two types of links have been in use on CMOS systems and must match at both the Coupling Facility (sender) end and the attached processor (receiver) end.

One HiPerLink adapter (#0216) is required for every two Coupling Links. The Intersystem Channel Adapter is not hot pluggable, but the Coupling Links are. Additional Intersystem Channel Adapters and Coupling Links can be ordered to reduce outages. Two types of Coupling Links are available on the G6 models:

  • Coupling Link (#0007): Uses a multi-mode 50 micron fiber optic cable and has a full duplex connector that is Fibre Channel Standard (FCS) level 0 compliant. The link uses a short wave laser light source and can support distances of up to 1 kilometer between the Coupling Facility and attached systems.

    Note: FEATURE #0007 CANNOT BE ORDERED ON G6; HOWEVER, EXISTING FEATURE 0007 INSTALLATIONS CAN BE CARRIED FORWARD TO G6.

(#1750) LICC Ship Via Net Indicator

This feature code will be generated by the e-config tool on all orders which are requested to be shipped entirely over the network with no materials being shipped.

Strategic Direction For ISC Links

Customers are urged to migrate to a Singlemode Fiber infrastructure at the earliest possible opportunity. Transition to Singlemode fiber enables installations to take advantage of improved performance (singlemode performance capability is currently 2X multi-mode performance and other improvements are pending).

Recommendation

Customers who currently have multi-mode fiber installed and cannot migrate to singlemode, at the current time, need to determine if their infrastructure distances are either:

A - Under 550 meters (This is the link to link, #0007 card to #0007 card total cable length including patch cables.)
B - 550 to 1,000 meters

A. For installations whose multi-mode fiber cabling distances are under 550 meters:

Order feature #0008 (Singlemode coupling link) and feature #0107 (Mode Conditioning Jumper). This feature combination enables use of feature #0008 on existing multimode fiber. (Feature #0008 is a single link but the feature #0008/#0107 combination allows operation of the link to a maximum of 550 meters.

Features #0008 and #0107 must be installed at both the sending and receiving sides of the links. This solution enables continuance of multi-mode fibre infrastructure support and increases link performance up to twice the speed of multimode.

B. For installations whose multi-mode fiber cabling distances are between 550 meters to 1,000 meters (link to link):

Order RPQ 8P1967. The component parts of this RPQ are in an "as-available" order status; supply is limited.

  • Coupling Link (#0008): Uses a 9 micron single-mode fiber optic cable and has a full duplex connector that is Fibre Channel Standard level 0 compliant. This link uses a long wave laser light source and can support distances of up to 10 kilometers, and up to 20 km using an optional RPQ.

One standard length IBM fiber optic jumper cable will be provided at no additional charge for the connection between two Coupling Link features. Refer to the 9672 Sales Manual pages for jumper cable ordering information.

(#0023) HMC Token Ring Feature

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of November 19, 2002)

This card is an option to be used with HMC feature #0041.

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1 per or HMC

(#0024) HMC Ethernet Feature

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of November 19, 2002)

(not orderable on G6 models, as this function is standard on features #0041 and #0061)

The HMC Ethernet feature allows the use of existing Ethernet LANs to provide connectivity between the Support Element or HMC and G6 systems. It also allows high-speed (10 Mbps) remote operation of HMC over existing Ethernet LANs. This feature is mutually exclusive with the ISDN feature #0022 on features #0031 and #0015, and is not available on HMC feature #0041 or SE feature #0045.

Note: Ethernet function on #0041 and #0045 is a standard function.

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1 per HMC

(#0026) HMC/SE 3270 Emulation Feature

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of September 30, 2002)

This card is an option to be used with HMC features #0041 or #0061, or Support Element features #0045 or #0065.

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1 per HMC

(#0038) WAC

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of September 30, 2002)

This card is an option to be used with HMC feature #0061

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1 per HMC

The SE Ethernet feature allows installation of an additional Ethernet feature, in addition to the basic SE function. Installation of this option precludes use of the Token-Ring SE function.

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1 per SE

(#0041, #0061) Hardware Management Console (HMC) with RSF

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of November 19, 2002)

The Hardware Management Console provides a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements such as 9672, 9674, 2003, and 3000 systems. The Hardware Management Console employs a state of the art direct-manipulation, object-oriented GUI supporting exception based real-time system status reporting via ICONs and colors, consolidated hardware messages, consolidated operating system messages, and consolidated service support (including modems and phone lines) and, of course, full operation of the managed systems. The Hardware Management Console(s) ordered with a S/390 G6 server are downward compatible with the Hardware Management Console(s) and SE(s) on the 9672 R1, R2, R3, G3, G4, G5 or 9674 C01, C02, C03, C04, C05, 2003, or 3000 systems. To allow the existing Hardware Management Console(s) on the 9672 R1, R2, R3, G3, G4, or 9674 C01, C02, C03, C04, C05, 2003, or 3000 systems to be upward compatible with the S/390 G6 Server an MES order will be required to convert features #0009 or #0021 to feature #0031 or feature #0041. Feature #0041 superseded feature #0031 in 4Q97; feature #0041 allows two of three options (feature #0022, #0023, #0026) to also be installed. The Ethernet function is optional on feature #0031, but is standard on feature #0041.

  • Minimum - 0 (if one is existing; 1 if none); Maximum - 4

(#0047) DVD Driver

The DVD Driver is used on HMC (#0061). This feature is required to support the 2064 server. Feature 0047 is available with installation of feature 0061 (HMC Console) on all 9672 models R1, R2, R3, and G3 MES orders; 9674 C02, C03, C04 MES orders; all 9672 G4, G5, and G6 orders; all 9674 model C05 orders.

  • Minimum - 1 per HMC; Maximum - 1 per HMC

(#0071) G5 only Alternate Support Element Feature

This feature enables a second Support Element to be installed in the G5 Server frame, as a backup to the primary SE. In the event of a hardware malfunction, the mirrored alternate will take over for the failing SE when a switch located on the server's rear cover is manually set. The G5 will continually verify that the alternate SE is functional during use of the primary SE, with status displayed at the primary SE. Hardware maintenance can be performed on the Primary SE (in Service Mode).

Note: This function is standard on G6 models.

(#0072) G6 only Dual Support Element Feature

This feature provides a second Support Element in the G6 Server frame, as a backup to the primary SE. In the event of a hardware malfunction, the mirrored alternate will take over for the failing SE when a switch located on the server's rear cover is manually set. The G6 will continually verify that the alternate SE is functional during use of the primary SE, with status displayed at the primary SE. Hardware maintenance can be performed on the Primary SE (in Service Mode).

(#0103) 9 SM SC Duplex/50 MM ESCON MCP Cable

This is a Mode Conditioning Patch (MCP) cable, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length. It is terminated at one end with a 9 micron single mode (SM) SC Duplex connector and at the oppo-site end with a 50 micron multimode (MM) ESCON Duplex recep-tacle. This feature is used with FICON feature #2315 when reusing existing 50 micron multimode fiber optic cables ter-minated with ESCON Duplex connectors. When using a MCP ca-ble, a FICON LX connection can run over a 50 micron multimode fiber optic cable up to a distance of 550 meters (1,804 feet). A quantity of two of these features are re-quired, since one MCP cable is required to be used at each end of a link. Corequisites: Feature #2315.

(#0104) 9 SM SC Duplex/50 MM SC Duplex MCP Cable

This is a Mode Conditioning Patch (MCP) cable, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length. It is terminated at one end with a 9 micron single mode (SM) SC Duplex connector and at the oppo-site end with a 50 micron multimode (MM) SC Duplex recepta-cle. This feature is used with OSA-Express GbE LX feature #2364 when reusing existing 50 micron multimode fiber optic cables terminated with SC Duplex connectors. When using a MCP cable, a GbE LX connection can run over a 50 micron multimode fiber optic cable up to a distance of 550 meters (1,804 feet). A quantity of two of these features is re-quired, since one MCP cable is required to be used at each end of a link. Corequisites: Feature #2364.

(#0105) 9 SM SC Duplex/62.5 MM SC Duplex MCP Cable

This is a Mode Conditioning Patch (MCP) cable, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length. It is terminated at one end with a 9 micron single mode (SM) SC Duplex connector and at the oppo-site end with a 62.5 micron multimode (MM) SC Duplex recep-tacle. This feature is used with OSA-Express GbE LX feature #2364 when reusing existing 62.5 micron multimode fiber op-tic cables terminated with SC Duplex connectors. When using a MCP Cable, a GbE LX connection can run over a 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cable up to a distance of 550 meters (1,804 feet). A quantity of two of these features is re-quired, since one MCP cable is required to be used at each end of a link. Corequisites: Feature #2364.

(#0106) 9 SM SC Duplex/62.5 MM ESCON MCP Cable

This is a Mode Conditioning Patch (MCP) cable, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length. It is terminated at one end with a 9 micron single mode (SM) SC Duplex connector and at the oppo-site end with a 62.5 micron multimode (MM) ESCON Duplex re-ceptacle. This feature is used with FICON LX feature #2315 or with OSA-Express GbE LX feature #2364 when reusing exist-ing 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cables terminated with ESCON Duplex connectors. When using a MCP Cable, a FICON LX or GbE LX connection can run over a 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cable up to a distance of 550 meters (1,804 feet). A quantity of two of these features is required, since one MCP cable is required to be used at each end of a link. Corequisites: 2315, 2364.

(#0108) 9 SM LC/50 MM SC Duplex MCP Cable

This a Mode Conditioning Patch (MCP) cable, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length. It is terminated at one end with a 9 micron single mode (SM) LC Duplex connector and at the oppo-site end with a 50 micron multimode (MM) SC Duplex recepta-cle. This feature is used with ISC3 feature #0219 when reusing existing 50 micron multimode fiber optic cables ter-minated with SC Duplex connectors. When using a MCP Cable, an ISC3 connection can run over a 50 micron multimode fiber optic cable up to a distance of 550 meters (1,804 feet). A quantity of two of these features is required, since one MCP cable is required to be used at each end of a link. Corequisites: Feature #0219.

(#0110) 9 SM LC/SC Duplex Conversion Kit

This is a 9/125-micrometer single mode (SM) fiber optic ca-ble, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length, terminated at one end with a LC Duplex connector and at the opposite end with a SC Duplex receptacle. This conversion kit is used with ISC3 feature #0219 when reusing existing single mode fiber optic jumper cables terminated with SC Duplex connectors. Corequisites: Feature #0219.

(#2325) 62.5 MM MTRJ/ESCON Conversion Kit

This is a 62.5/125-micrometer multimode (MM) fiber optic ca-ble, 2 meters (6.5 feet) in length, terminated at one end with a MTRJ connector and at the opposite end with an ESCON Duplex receptacle. This conversion kit is used with the 16-port ESCON feature #2323 or ETR (External Time Reference) on the 2064 when reusing existing 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cables terminated with ESCON Duplex connectors. Corequisites: Feature #2324.

(#0319) Customized Solutions

(For IBM US, No Longer Available as of April 19, 1999)

Cryptographic Coprocessor

Cryptographic Coprocessor is a data security standard feature on the S/390 G5 and G6 Parallel Enterprise Server servers. There are three levels of security which conform to export requirements.

The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) feature is a workstation which provides secure Master Key access. This feature is not offered on the Coupling Facility R06 model; however, R06 coupling facility models upgraded to G5/G6 server models are Cryptographic coprocessor-capable.

The Smart Card Reader feature communicates with a personal security card that can hold an installation's signature keys, master keys and operator keys.

G5/G6 models R16, X17, Y16, and Z17 have access to one cryptographic coprocessor chip; models R26, RB6, RC6, RD6, R36, R46, R56, R66, R76, R86, R96, RX6, Y76, Y86, Y96, YX6, X27, X37, X47, X57, X67, X77, X87, X97, XX7, XY7, XZ7, Z27, Z37, Z47, Z57, Z67, Z77, Z87, Z97, ZX7, ZY7, and ZZ7 have access to two cryptographic chips.

Cryptographic Coprocessor Features

IBM Servers offer 3 choices for Cryptographic support:

  1. No Cryptographic support (Hardware is inactive)

  2. CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor(s)-Standard with 9672 G5 and G6 servers, with the following features:
     
    Description of Features Feature Number ------------------------------------------ -------------- Cryptographic Coprocessor Hardware Feature 0800 T-DES with PKA 0834 T-DES with PKA TKE 0835 TKE Hardware (for Token Ring) 0806* Smart Card Reader 0807* TKE Hardware (for Ethernet) 0809*  
    Note: Effective May 15, 2000, *Features 0806, 0809, 0811, 0812, 0813, 0832 and 0833 will be no longer orderable. Feature 0807 is "As Available" status  

  3. PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor (PCICC) support (as an optional feature)

The following features have been available with the Integrated Cryptographic Coprocessor, prior to this announcement:

  • 0806* TKE Hardware (For Token Ring)

  • 0807** Smart Card

  • 0809* TKE Hardware (For Ethernet)

  • 0811* CDMF w/Exportable PKA

  • 0812* DES w/Exportable PKA

  • 0813* DES w/Exportable PKA & TKE

  • 0814 DES w/PKA

  • 0815 DES w/PKA & TKE

  • 0832* TDES w/Exportable PKA

  • 0833* TDES w/Exportable PKA & TKE

  • 0834 TDES w/PKA (US, Canada)

  • 0835 TDES w/PKA & TKE (US, Canada)

Note: Effective May 15, 2000, *Features 0806, 0809, 0811, 0812, 0813, 0832 and 0833 will be no longer orderable. Feature 0807 is "As Available" status

The PCI Cryptographic Coprocessor-(PCICC) (orderable May 15, 2000) is optional and provides improved function over the CMOS Cryptographic coprocessor. The following features apply:

  • 0864 DES with PKA-enablement diskette (World-wide)
  • 0865 TDES with PKA enablement diskette (US, Canada)
  • 0866 Improved TKE (Token-ring version) Workstation
  • 0869 Improved TKE (Ethernet version) Workstation
  • 0860 PCICC hardware

The PCICC order process will automatically process the feature exchange policy for G5 and G6 servers as follows:

  1. PCICC can be ordered in increments of 1, (Minimum of (0), Maximum (8))

  2. The same level of encryption must be maintained on the server. For example, feature 0864 and 0865 cannot be mixed on the same machine.

For New Build 9672 G5 and G6 servers:

  1. Features 0814 and 0815 have additional functions over features 0812 and 0813. Features 0812, 0813, 0832 and 0833 are not orderable, effective with this announcement.

  2. Feature 0814 or 0815 must be included for any order of Feature 0864. Feature 0864 also has a pre-req of Feature 0860 (which will be automatically added to the order).

  3. Feature 0834 or 0835 must be included for any order of Feature 0865. Feature 0865 also has a pre-req of Feature 0860. Special export approvals may be necessary for certain export situations; please see your IBM Representative.

  4. Feature 0806 is replaced by 0866; feature 0809 is replaced by 0869. Features 0866 and 0869 are not compatible with feature 0807. Feature 0807 is "as available" effective with this announcement.

For G5 and G6 MES Orders: Due to recent changes to the US Export rules for Cryptographic products the following exchanges and conversions are necessary to the integrated Cryptographic coprocessor features that have been supported until now.

  1. Features 0811, 0812, 0813, 0832, and 0833 are not orderable, effective with this announcement. The following Feature Exchanges/Conversions apply:
    • Features 0811 & 0812 will be exchanged to Feature 0814.
    • Feature 0813 will be exchanged to Feature 0815
    • Feature 0832 will be exchanged to Feature 0834
    • Feature 0833 will be exchanged to Feature 0835

  2. If TKE (Features 0806 or 0809) was installed on the 9672, prior to the MES order:
    • Feature 0806 will be exchanged to Feature 0866
    • Feature 0809 will be exchanged to Feature 0869

  3. If SMART CARD Feature 0807 was installed on the 9672, prior to the MES order:

    • Feature 0807 is removed (no replacement is orderable at this time).

The exchanges can be selected or are automatic when any change is ordered to the Cryptographic configuration.

When the PCICC is ordered for the 9672 server, all integrated Cryptographic coprocessor features will be exchanged/converted, as specified above.

(#0226) 10 meter ICB Cable

This feature is the 10 meter Internal Cluster Bus connection cable, which can be attached between Model G5 and G6 servers and model R06 Coupling Facility, in a Parallel Sysplex environment. The cable has an effective length of 7 meters between frames (allowing for installation requirements).

(#0990) Optional System Assist Processor (SAP)

S/390 G5/G6 Parallel Enterprise Server I/O processing can be enhanced by taking advantage of the optional SAP features. These SAP features are available along with the default base SAPs that are assigned with each model. The base plus optional SAPs on a specific model must be equal to or less than the number of PUs. The configurator will only allow ordering of the maximum: models RA6, R16, RB6, R26, RC6, RD6, R36, R46, R56, R66, and R06 all have (1) SAP standard; models R76, R86, R96, Y76, Y86, Y96 and YX6 all have (2) SAPs standard. All G6 models have (2) SAPs standard. Use feature #0990 to order optional SAPs above the standard default base.

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 5

(#0996) IBM S/390 Integrated Facility for Linux

This optional facility, available on G5 and G6 servers, enables you to purchase additional processing capacity, exclusively for Linux workload, with no effect on the G5 or G6 model designation.

(#1995) Control for Plan-Ahead

This feature counts the times an I/O cage has been concurrently conditioned.

(#1998)- G5 only Processor Unit Optimizer

The Processor Unit Optimizer (PUO) enables a Generation 5 server with spare PUs to be upgraded nondisruptively. The PUO feature includes Licensed Internal Code (LIC) to enable:

  • Capacity Upgrade on Demand
  • Assignment of a second SAP if the server has feature #7990 installed

(#1999) Concurrent Conditioning

Available on new build or upgrades to models R*6, T*6, Y*6, X*7, Z*7; not applicable to model R06

Feature 1999 is only generated when an extra frame is required for Plan-Ahead.

Concurrent Conditioning, can also be thought of as the "Plan-Ahead Feature." This feature, together with input of a future target or "TO-BE" configuration, allows G5/G6 upgrades to exploit the "expert systems" decision tree logic of S/390's Order Process Configurator and identify PUs, coupling or I/O option positioning for non-disruptive upgrades at some future time. Feature 1999 may add I/O cages with a full compliment of I/O support cards (FIBB and CHA), as well as memory, ISC-M (adapter) cards, the 12 PU MCM (feature 7990) on G5, or ICFs.

The feature identifies content of the TO-BE configuration which can not be hot installed or uninstalled. This allows the proper planning and appropriate installation of the features to eliminate or minimize any down time associated with feature installation besides adding CPs. IBM announced its intent on May 7, 1998, to enable non-disruptive I/O removal and/or replacement. Beginning 2Q99, a new level of Licensed Internal Code will be available to allow Parallel, ESCON, OSA-2, and FICON channel cards to be added or removed from the G5 without causing an outage. Installations at or near the 256 CHPID limit will find this new capability a valuable enabler to maximize their configurations.

(#1999) Using the Concurrent Conditioning Feature

The Concurrent Conditioning Feature assists customers wishing to exploit the Capacity Upgrade on Demand function by conditioning a G5/G6 for concurrent I/O installation and planning in advance the installation of disruptive additions (for example memory) that would prevent a concurrent upgrade. This involves:

  • Determining the correct MCM from which higher models can be upgraded

  • Determining the memory required for additional capacity. MEMORY UPGRADES are disruptive and will continue to be disruptive. Memory requirements must be analyzed. Once the future memory requirement is known then the appropriate memory can be ordered and either pre-installed or else identified to the site that installation of additional memory will be disruptive.

    The following table summarizes the minimum and maximum G5 G6 memory offerings by model:

    • Models RA6 through RD6: Min 1 GB - Max 12 GB
    • Models T16, T26, R36 through RX6: Min 2 GB - Max 24 GB
    • Models Y16 through Y66: Min 5 GB - Max 24 GB
    • Models Y76 through YX6: Min 8 GB - Max 24 GB
    • Models X17 through ZZ7: Min 5 GB - Max 32 GB

  • Analyzing Software releases and LIC release schedule. As migration to new releases are disruptive, migrations must be addressed.

The Concurrent Conditioning feature allows the S/390 order process to code a server configuration so that it is properly configured for a future concurrent capacity upgrade. The general rules for this feature follow:

  1. Using the order process configurator to define a future ("T0-BE") configuration.

  2. The TO-BE configuration will be specified to include up to 3 I/O cages.

  3. The TO-BE configuration will be determined by first executing the configurator then adding any features that are desired in the TO-BE configuration.

  4. The configurator will then allow the user to process a CURRENT configuration for the server order that is the initial, or starting server configuration.

  5. The features and cables plugged and placed in the CURRENT server configuration, in preparation for the TO-BE configuration will be indicated as: hot-pluggable, not hot-pluggable, or not installed, but necessary.

  6. Any feature or cable that is not hot-pluggable must be installed in the CURRENT server configuration, in order to condition the system for the nondisruptive addition of future features.

  7. The CURRENT configuration is determined by subtracting the results of the TO-BE server configuration, and the results of the CURRENT server configuration, then adding the features that are NOT hot- pluggable/unpluggable.

  8. Features in the CURRENT configuration will be balanced across the I/O cages that are installed.

  9. All cables will be installed, STI to FIBB and so on.

  10. The configurator will allow ICFs, SAPs and Memory Features to be over-ridden, if the user opts to install fewer features in the CURRENT configuration, than identified in the TO-BE configuration. If necessary, feature counts are overridden, and a warning message advises that the upgrade is disruptive when the TO-BE configuration is activated.

  11. Two reports will be provided: a CHPID report for the CURRENT configuration and a PLANNING report for the TO-BE configuration.

  12. TO-BE configurations are available for both New Build and MESs.

  13. MES orders will not re-balance the base configuration.

  14. If the user configures an MES using the Plan-Ahead Upgrade Feature, and does not add any new features to the base system, the only cards or cables moved, added or deleted will be to satisfy the TO-BE configuration.

  15. Certain I/O Feature Exchanges or Feature Conversions may apply to the TO-BE configuration. Refer to the Order Configurator for specific situations.

Non-disruptive I/O Removal and/or Replacement

G6s are allowed to add or remove Parallel, ESCON, OSA-2, and FICON channel cards non-disruptively. Installations near the 256 CHPID limit may maximize configuration. While this enhancement is not presently extended to CHA, FIBB, or ISC adapter (mother) cards, with the proper use of feature 1999, installations may minimize disruption due to I/O addition.

(#6301, #6302) Power Sequence Control (PSC)

Provides power sequencing for attachment of up to 32 I/O controllers, if Internal Battery Feature (#2210) will be ordered. Feature #6301 provides a PSC box which can attach to 16 I/O controllers. Feature #6302 provides two PSC boxes which can attach to 32 I/O controllers. Feature #6301 and #6302 are mutually exclusive.

(#2020, #2021) - (Yn6, Xn7, Zn7 only) Expansion Cage

This expansion cage provides space for additional channel cards in the G6 models for a maximum of 88 ESCON or 66 Parallel (feature #2303), or 88 Parallel channels (feature #2304) per cage.

  • Maximum - 3 cages

Note: One cage is required with a configuration; two additional cages may be ordered, for a total of three I/O cages.

(#2210) Internal Battery Feature

The Internal Battery Feature (IBF) provides the function of a local uninterruptible power source. It has continuous self-testing capability for battery backup, which has been fully integrated into the diagnostics, including Remote Service Facility (RSF) support. The IBF enables between 3.5 to a minimum of 20 minutes of full power hold-up for the 9672 Parallel Enterprise Server and up to one hour for the 9672 R06 Coupling Facility in power save mode. On upgraded single frame configurations, the IBF (#2210) and prior model power sequence controls, features (#6201 and #6202) are mutually exclusive. Refer to Power Sequence Control (#6301 and #6302).

  • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1

(#2350) OSA-Express GbE SX

One OSA-Express GbE short wavelength feature card with one port. Supports attachment to a 1 Gbps Ethernet LAN using 50 micron or 62.5 micron multimode fiber.

Maximum Number of OSA-Express GbE Features: 12. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None. Compatibility Conflicts: None. Customer Setup: No. Limitations: None. Field Installable: Yes. Cable Order: None shipped. Cables are a customer responsibility.

(#2351) OSA-Express GbE LX

One OSA-Express GbE long wavelength feature card with one port. Supports attachment to a 1 Gbps Ethernet LAN using 50 micron or 62.5 micron multimode fiber, or 9 micron single mode fiber.

Note: A pair of MCP cables are required when using an OSA-Express GbE LX feature and attaching to a 50 or 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cable.

Maximum Number of OSA-Express GbE Features: 12. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None. Compatibility Conflicts: None. Customer Setup: No. Limitations: None. Field Installable: Yes. Cable Order: None shipped. Cables are a customer responsibility.

(#2303, #2304, #2313, #2314) Parallel, ESCON, FICON Channels

(For IBM US, #2303 No Longer Available as of November 19, 2002)

Total Channels: Minimum - 4; Maximum - 256

  • Parallel: Minimum - 0; Maximum - 96; Increments - 3 or 4(2)
  • ESCON: Minimum - 0; Maximum - 256; Increments - 4
  • FICON: Minimum - 0; Maximum - 24; Increments - 1

Note: A maximum of 256 ESCON channels is only possible if the first OSA-2 is removed.

Note: (2) Feature 2303 has increments of 3 parallel channels; feature 2304 has increments of 4 parallel channels. Feature 2303 will be on an as-available order status in 1999.

(#5201, #5202, #5206, #5207, #5208) S/390 Open Systems Adapter 2

  • Minimum - 1; Maximum - 12; Increments - 1

The S/390 Open Systems Adapter 2 feature is plugged directly into a standard I/O slot, becoming an integral component of the multiframe system, enabling convenient LAN attachment. The five OSA 2 features are:

  1. Token Ring feature (#5201) with two ports

  2. FDDI feature (#5202) that supports a dual-ring or single-ring attachment and supports an external optical bypass switch

  3. ATM multimode 155 Mbps (#5206)

  4. ATM 155 Mbit/sec single mode (#5207)

  5. 10-100 Mbps Fast Ethernet (#5208)

(#2340) OSA-Express Fast Ethernet

The OSA-Express Fast Ethernet feature has one port and supports attachment to either a 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps Ethernet LAN. The feature automatically adjusts to 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, depending upon the network to which it is attached. Maximum Number of OSA-Express Features: 12. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None. Compatibility Conflicts: None. Customer Setup: No. Limitations: None. Field Installable: Yes. Cable Order: None shipped. Cables are a customer responsibility.

(#2360) OSA-Express 155 ATM SM

The OSA-Express 155 ATM single mode feature has one port and supports attachment to a 155 Mbps Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) network using 9 micron single mode fiber optic cables. Maximum Number of OSA-Express Features: 12. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None. Compatibility Conflicts: None. Customer Setup: No. Limitations: None. Field Installable: Yes. Cable Order: None shipped. Cables are a customer responsibility.

(#2361) OSA-Express 155 ATM MM

The OSA-Express 155 ATM multimode feature has one port and supports attachment to a 155 Mbps Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) network using 62.5 micron multimode fiber optic cables. Maximum Number of OSA-Express Features: 12. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None. Compatibility Conflicts: None. Customer Setup: No. Limitations: None. Field Installable: Yes. Cable Order: None shipped. Cables are a customer responsibility.

(#2029) JCM OPS

This feature is used for enabling the G6 to run the Japanese Operating System.

(#3020) Additional Frame

The additional frame would be required when the second expansion cage is installed.

(#6150, #6152, #6153) External Time Reference (ETR)

  • ETR Master Card (#6150)

    This feature provides the attachment of a Sysplex Timer (R) to set the Time-Of-Day (TOD) clocks in a multiprocessor environment and maintain synchronization. The ETR Master Card has one fiber optic port and one electrical port when used with the ETR External Cable (#6153). This feature is mutually exclusive with ETR Dual Port Card (#6152).

    • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1

  • ETR Dual Port Card (#6152)

    This feature provides the attachment of a Sysplex Timer to set the Time-Of-Day clocks in a multiprocessor environment and maintain synchronization. The Sysplex Timer attachment has two fiber optic ports allowing two sysplex timers to be attached, providing high availability. This provides redundant connectivity to the Sysplex Timer expanded availability configuration. This feature is mutually exclusive with ETR Master Card (#6150).

    • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1

  • ETR External Cable (#6153)

    The ETR External Cable can be used to connect pairs of G6 models to enable the sharing of sysplex timer ports. ETR Master Card feature (#6150) must be ordered concurrently with this feature.

    • Minimum - 0; Maximum - 1

(#7990) G5 Only Maximum 12 CP Module

This feature is ordered to increase the number of PUs in R36, R46, R56, and R66 models from 8 to 12. This may be desirable for future upgrades as well as situations where additional STIs are needed.

(#7994) G5 Only Capacity Back-Up

Along with a valid Special Bid contract, this feature can be ordered on models Y76, Y86 and Y96. Feature #7994 identifies how many CPs are in the Capacity Backup to IBM's vital product database for the customer system.

(#7995) Capacity Back-Up

Along with a valid Special Bid contract, this feature can be ordered on models R16, R26, R36, R46, R56. R66, R76, R86, R96. Feature #7995 identifies how many CPs are in the Capacity Backup to IBM's vital product database for the customer system.

(#7996) Capacity Back-Up

Along with a valid Special Bid contract, this feature can be ordered on models RA6, R16, RB6, R26, RC6, RD6. A 6 PU model is prepared for CBU. Feature #7996 identifies how many CPs are in the Capacity Backup to IBM's vital product database for the customer system.

(#7997) Capacity Back-Up

Along with a valid Special Bid contract, this feature must be ordered on models X17 and X27. This feature is also orderable on G6 models X37 through XY7. Feature #7997 identifies how many CPs are in the Capacity Backup to IBM's vital product data base for the customer system.

(#7998) Capacity Back-Up

Along with a valid Special Bid contract this feature can is required on models Z17, Z27, Z37, Z47, Z57, and Z67. This feature is also orderable on models Z77 through ZY7. Feature #7998 identifies how many CPs are the Capacity Backup to IBM's vital product database for the customer system.

(#7930, #7931, #7932) Fiber Quick Connect for ESCON Channels

  • Minimum -0; Maximum -3 of each feature type

Note: New build only.

Note: This service applies only to ESCON multimode channels and is not applicable to the 9672 R06.

These features enable direct attach fiber trunking harnesses to be installed at the factory prior to customer ship. Each I/O expansion cage requires one of each features #7930, #7931 #7932 (all co-requisites).

Feature Descriptions:

  • #7930 - Six position fiber tailgate. Supports six FTS direct attach harnesses to connect to six fiber trunk cable MTP connectors.

  • #7931 - Nine position fiber tailgate. Supports nine FTS direct attach harnesses to connect to nine fiber trunk cable MTP connectors.

  • #7932 - FTS direct attach harness. Fifteen harnesses supports one fully configured ESCON channel equipped I/O cage.

The ordering process (Configurator) automatically determines the necessary feature mix, based upon the type and number of I/O cages. Each I/O cage requires (1) 6 position tailgate (#7930), (1) 9 position tailgate (#7931) and (1) set of FTS direct attach harnesses (#7932) to support the Fiber Quick Connect option.

(#9910, #9950) Local Uninterruptible Power Supply

This feature is not orderable on G6, nor is it a carryover feature from prior server installations. Contact your IBM representative in the event that your installation desires power holdup in excess than the capability provided with IBM's Internal Battery Feature (IBF), feature #2210.

Special Feature Codes -- Chargeable

                      Machine         Feature
Description           Type     Model  Number
--------------------- ------- ------- -------
S/390 Parallel         9672
 
Enterprise Servers
 S/390 Parallel Enterprise
     Servers  (G6)    9672     X17, Z17
                               X27, Z27
                               X37, Z37
                               X47, Z47
                               X57, Z57
                               X67, Z67
                               X77, Z77
                               X87, Z87
                               X97, Z97
                               XX7, ZX7
                               XY7, ZY7
                               XZ7, ZZ7
 
HMC w/TokenRing,En,   DVD-Black           0076
HMC w/Dual EN,   DVD - Black              0077
HMC w/Token Ring, EN  , Dvd-Black         0078
HMC w/Dual EN, DVD - Black                0079
HMC w/TR, and EN, DVD - Black             0080
MAU (Multi-Station Access Unit)           0088
Ethernet Switch                           0089
TKE with Ethernet (EN)                    0849
TKE with Token Ring (TR)                  0846
TKE with Token Ring (TR)                  0896
TKE with Ethernet (EN)                    0899
17" Flat panel display                    6094
20" Flat panel display                    6095
 
 
 
 
 
 
S/390 Parallel Enterprise
    Servers  (G5)     9672     R06,
                               RA6, RB6
                               R16, Y16
                               T16, T26
                               R26, Y26
                               RC6, RD6
                               R36, Y36
                               R46, Y46
                               R56, Y56
                               R66, Y66
                               R76, Y76
                               R86, Y86
                               R96, Y96
                               RX6, YX6
HMC w/TokenRing,En,   DVD-Black           0076
HMC w/Dual EN,   DVD - Black              0077
HMC w/Token Ring, EN  , Dvd-Black         0078
HMC w/Dual EN, DVD - Black                0079
HMC w/TR, and EN, DVD - Black             0080
MAU (Multi-Station Access Unit)           0088
Ethernet Switch                           0089
TKE with Token Ring (TR)                  0896
TKE with Ethernet (EN)                    0899
17" Flat panel display                    6094
20" Flat panel display                    6095
 
X17 1-Way Processor             X17
X27 2-Way Processor             X27
X37 3-Way Processor             X37
X47 4-Way Processor             X47
X57 5-Way Processor             X57
X67 6-Way Processor             X67
X77 7-Way Processor             X77
X87 8-Way Processor             X87
X97 9-Way Processor             X97
XX7 10-Way Processor            XX7
XY7 11-Way Processor            XY7
XZ7 12-Way Processor            XZ7
 
Z17 1-Way Processor             Z17
Z27 2-Way Processor             Z27
Z37 3-Way Processor             Z37
Z47 4-Way Processor             Z47
Z57 5-Way Processor             Z57
Z67 6-Way Processor             Z67
Z77 7-Way Processor             Z77
Z87 8-Way Processor             Z87
Z97 9-Way Processor             Z97
ZX7 10-Way Processor            ZX7
ZY7 11-Way Processor            ZY7
ZZ7 12-Way Processor            ZZ7
 
Machine Feature Description Type Model Number Note --------------------- ------- ------- ------- ---- S/390 Parallel 9672 Enterprise Servers X17 1-Way Processor X17 1150 (1) X27 2-Way Processor X27 1151 (1) X37 3-Way Processor X37 1152 X47 4-Way Processor X47 1153 X57 5-Way Processor X57 1154 X67 6-Way Processor X67 1155 X77 7-Way Processor X77 1156 X87 8-Way Processor X87 1157 X97 9-Way Processor X97 1158 XX7 10-Way Processor XX7 1159 XY7 11-Way Processor XY7 1160 XZ7 12-Way Processor XZ7 1161 Z17 1-Way Processor Z17 1162 (1) Z27 2-Way Processor Z27 1163 (1) Z37 3-Way Processor Z37 1164 (1) Z47 4-Way Processor Z47 1165 (1) Z57 5-Way Processor Z57 1166 (1) Z67 6-Way Processor Z67 1167 (1) Z77 7-Way Processor Z77 1168 Z87 8-Way Processor Z87 1169 Z97 9-Way Processor Z97 1170 ZX7 10-Way Processor ZX7 1171 ZY7 11-Way Processor ZY7 1172 ZZ7 12-Way Processor ZZ7 1173  

Note: (1) A special bid contract is required to order this model.

(#0074) HMC

This HMC replaces the currently orderable HMC (#0073). This HMC has a DVD drive, ethernet and token ring capabilities built in.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 4
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: The 3270 HMC PCI feature (#0036) and the WAC feature (#0038) are not available with this HMC.
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0075) HMC

This HMC is available in place of the currently orderable HMCs (#0073, #0074). This HMC has a DVD-RAM drive, ethernet and token ring capabilities built in.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 4
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: The PC3270 PCI Adapter feature (#0036) and the PCI-WAC Adapter feature (#0038) are not available with this HMC.
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0076) Hardware Management Console with dual Ethernet

Key Prerequisite: Feature 0076 is available only to customers who currently have Feature 0075. The Hardware Management Console (HMC) is a 4x4 PCI machine designed to provide a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements. The HMC comes with two Ethernets, consisting of an Ethernet adapter and built in Ethernet support on the motherboard, and one mouse.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: Four features
  • Prerequisites: feature 0075
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0077) Hardware Management Console with dual Ethernet

Feature 0077 is the first IBM zSeries HMC with Dual Ethernet; it may be ordered to replace Feature 0075. The Hardware Management Console (HMC) is a 4x4 PCI machine designed to provide a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements. The HMC comes with two Ethernets, consisting of an Ethernet adapter and built in support on the motherboard, and one mouse.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: Four features
  • Prerequisites: feature 0075
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0078) Hardware Management Console with Ethernet and Token Ring

Feature 0078 replaces the currently orderable feature: 0075. The Hardware Management Console (HMC) is a 4x4 PCI machine designed to provide a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements. The HMC HMC comes with one Ethernet, one Token Ring, and one mouse.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: Four features
  • Prerequisites: feature 0075
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0079) Hardware Management Console with dual Ethernet

Note: Feature 0079 may be ordered to replace Feature 0077.

The Hardware Management Console (HMC) is a 4x4 desktop system designed to provide a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements. The HMC comes with two Ethernets, consisting of an Ethernet adapter and built in support on the motherboard, and one mouse.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: Ten features
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0080) Hardware Management Console with Ethernet and Token Ring

Note: Feature 0080 may be ordered to replace Feature 0078.

The Hardware Management Console (HMC) is a 4x4 desktop system designed to provide a single point of control and single system image for managing local or remote hardware elements. The HMC comes with one Ethernet, one Token Ring, and one mouse.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: Ten features
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0088) Multi-Station Access Unit (MAU)

The MAU (#0088) is a Multi-Station Access Unit used for token ring connections. Previously automatically shipped with a Token Ring HMC, it is now an orderable feature. One MAU may support several HMCs.

  • Minimum: none.
  • Maximum: ten features.
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites: None.
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversion become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

(#0089) Ethernet Switch (Former HUB)

The Ethernet Switch (former HUB) is a 16-port 10/100 Mbps standalone, unmanaged switch. The Ethernet Switch will integrate Ethernet and Fast Ethernet.

  • Minimum: None
  • Maximum: Ten features
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversions become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

(#0846) TKE Workstation with Token Ring

Note: Feature 0846 replaces the currently orderable feature: 0896.

The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) workstation feature is a combination of hardware and software, network-connected to the server, and designed to provide a security-rich, flexible method for master and operational key entry as well as local and remote management of the cryptographic coprocessor features. This optional feature provides basic key management -- key identification, exchange, separation, update, backup, as well as security administration. The TKE workstation also includes a 17" flat panel display, a DVD-RAM drive, and a token ring adapter.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: One feature
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites for z990: CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) feature #3863 and PCIXCC feature #0868
  • Corequisites for z800 and z900: Crypto Hardware Present feature #0800 and Crypto enablement feature #0875
  • Corequisites 9672-G6: Crypto Hardware Present feature #0800 and Crypto enablement feature #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: For z890 and z990, if TKE 3.x workstations are being used, and feature #0868 is present, the TKE must be upgraded to the TKE 4.0 or higher. TKE 4.0 or higher is required to communicate with z890 or z990.
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature change become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

(#0849) TKE Workstation with Ethernet

Note: Feature 0849 replaces the currently orderable feature: 0899.

The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) workstation feature is a combination of hardware and software, network-connected to the server, and designed to provide a security-rich, flexible method for master and operational key entry as well as local and remote management of the cryptographic coprocessor features. This optional feature provides basic key management -- key identification, exchange, separation, update, backup, as well as security administration. The TKE workstation also includes a 17" flat panel display, a DVD-RAM drive, and built in Ethernet support on the motherboard.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: One feature
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites for z990: CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) feature #3863 and PCIXC feature #0868
  • Corequisites for z800 and z900: Crypto Hardware Present resent feature #0800 and Crypto enablement feature #0875
  • Corequisites 9672-G6: Crypto Hardware Present feature #0800 and Crypto enablement feature #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: For z890 and z990, if TKE 3.x workstations are being used, and the feature #0868 is present, the TKE must be upgraded to the TKE 4.0 or higher. TKE 4.0 or higher is required to communicate with z890 or z990.
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature change become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

(#0853) TKE 4.2 code

The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) 4.2 code is installed on a TKE workstation. TKE 4.2 code is a no charge enablement feature which is loaded prior to shipment when a TKE workstation is ordered. For other than new shipments, TKE 4.2 Licensed Internal Code is shipped via a CD-ROM. The TKE 4.2 code includes support for the Smart Card Reader.

Customers with TKE 3.X level code workstations installed may carry them forward on an upgrade to z890 or z990. Note however, that the TKE 3.X code level can only be used to control legacy systems on the LAN but cannot communicate with the z890 or z990. To communicate with a z890 or z990 server, the TKE 4.0, 4.1 or 4.2 code level (TKE 4.2 code available October 2004) must be installed. An MES upgrade is available to bring a TKE 3.X workstation up to the most current 4.X level.

The TKE hardware features with TKE 3.X level code that may carry forward are #0866, #0869, #0876, #0879, #0886 and #0889. Currently features #0896 (TKE workstation with Token Ring) and #0899 (TKE workstation with Ethernet) are the only orderable TKE workstation features with TKE 4.1 level code on z890, z990, z800, z900 and Generation 6. Effective October 29, 2004, concurrent with this announce a new TKE offering with the TKE 4.2 code loaded with commence.

TKE 3.X workstations carried forward will automatically be updated to the TKE 4.2 (#0853) code level when a PCIX Cryptographic Coprocessor (#0868) or Crypto Express2 (#0863) feature is ordered or present on the server.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: One feature.
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites: For G6 Servers (9672) and z800/z900 servers (2066/2064) the CMOS Cryptographic Coprocessor Facility (#0800). For z890/z990 (2086/2084) servers, CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (#3863) and PCIX Cryptographic Coprocessor (#0868) or Crypto Express2 (#0863).
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: If TKE 3.X workstations are being used, they must be upgraded to the TKE 4.X code to communicate with a z890 or z990.
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature change become the property of IBM.

(#0876) TKE with Token Ring and 4758 PCI Card

This TKE replaces the currently orderable TKE (#0866). This TKE has a DVD drive built in and includes a 17" monitor.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 1
  • Prerequisites: feature number 0800
  • Corequisites: For z800, z900: #0875; For 7060: #0825; For 9672/4: #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0879) TKE with Ethernet and 4758 PCI Card

This TKE replaces the currently orderable TKE (#0869). This TKE has a DVD drive built in and includes a 17" monitor.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 1
  • Prerequisites: feature number 0800
  • Corequisites: For z800, z900: #0875; For 7060: #0825; For 9672/4: #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0886) TKE with Token Ring

This TKE is available in place of the currently orderable TKEs (#0866, #0876). This TKE has a DVD-RAM drive built in and includes a 17" monitor. The 4758 PCI card will not be shipped for feature conversions/exchanges. The card from the previous TKE should be used.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 1
  • Prerequisites: feature number 0800
  • Corequisites: For z800 and z900: #0875; For 7060: #0825; For 9672: #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0887) TKE 4.2 Smart Card Reader

The TKE 4.2 workstation with Smart Card Reader allows the use of smart cards, which resemble a credit card in size and shape, but contain an embedded microprocessor, and associated memory for data storage. Access to and he use of confidential data on the smart cards are protected by a user-defined personal identification number (PIN).

With the smart card reader support, it is still possible to store key parts on diskettes, or paper, or to use a TKE authority key stored on a diskette, and to logon to the 4758 using a passphrase.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: 1 feature. One feature consists of two Smart Card Readers, two cables to connect to the TKE 4.2 workstation, and 20 Smart Cards.
  • Prerequisites:
    • CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) (#3863).
    • Crypto Express2 (#0863) or PCIXCC (#0868), or both.
  • Corequisites: TKE workstation with 4.2 code for secure key parts entry and Crypto hardware management or ISPF panels for clear key entry and Crypto hardware management and TKE 4.2 code (#0853).
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes.
  • Cable Order: None. External cables to connect two Smart Card Readers to the TKE 4.2 workstation are shipped with the feature.

(#0888) TKE 4.2 additional Smart Cards

The TKE 4.2 additional Smart Cards are Java-based smart cards which provide a highly efficient cryptographic and data management application built-in to read-only memory for secure storage of keys, certificates, passwords, applications, and data. The TKE 4.2 blank Smart Cards are compliant with FIPS 140-2 Level 2.

  • Minimum: None. Order increment is one. When one is ordered a quantity of 10 Smart Cards are shipped.
  • Maximum: 99 (990 blank Smart Cards).
  • Prerequisites:
    • CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) (#3863).
    • Crypto Express2 (#0863) or PCIXCC (#0868), or both.
  • Corequisites: TKE workstation with 4.2 code for secure key parts entry and cryptographic hardware management or ISPF panels for clear key entry and cryptographic hardware management, TKE 4.2 code (#0853), and TKE 4.2 Smart Card Reader (#0887).
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes.
  • Cable Order: Not applicable.

(#0889) TKE with Ethernet

This TKE is available in place of the currently orderable TKEs (#0869, #0879). This TKE has a DVD-RAM drive built in and includes a 17" monitor. The 4758 PCI card will not be shipped for feature conversions/exchanges. The card from the previous TKE should be used.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 1
  • Prerequisites: feature number 0800
  • Corequisites: For z800 and z900: #0875; For 7060: #0825; For 9672: #0835
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#0896) TKE Workstation with Token Ring

Feature 0896 replaces the currently orderable feature: 0886. The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) workstation feature is a combination of hardware and software, network-connected to the server, and designed to provide a security-rich, flexible method for master and operational key entry as well as local and remote management of the cryptographic coprocessor features. This optional feature provides basic key management -- key identification, exchange, separation, update, backup, as well as security administration. The TKE workstation has a DVD-RAM drive, and a Token Ring adapter.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: One feature
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites for z990: CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) feature #3863 and PCIXCC feature #0868
  • Corequisites for z800, z900, and below: Crypto Hardware Present feature #0800
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: If TKE 3.X workstations are being used, they must be upgraded to the TKE 4.0 or higher. TKE 4.0 or higher is required to communicate with z890 or z990.
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature change become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#0899) TKE Workstation with Ethernet

Feature 0899 replaces the currently orderable feature: 0889. The Trusted Key Entry (TKE) workstation feature is a combination of hardware and software, network-connected to the server, and designed to provide a security-rich, flexible method for master and operational key entry as well as local and remote management of the cryptographic coprocessor features. This optional feature provides basic key management -- key identification, exchange, separation, update, backup, as well as security administration. The TKE workstation has a DVD-RAM drive, and built in Ethernet support on the motherboard.

  • Minimum: None.
  • Maximum: One feature
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites for z990: CP Assist for Cryptographic Function (CPACF) feature #3863 and PCIXC feature #0868
  • Corequisites for z800, z900, and below: Crypto Hardware Present feature #0800
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Setup: No.
  • Limitations: If TKE 3.X workstations are being used, they must be upgraded to the TKE 4.0 or higher. TKE 4.0 or higher is required to communicate with z890 or z990.
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature change become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: IBM supplies a LAN connection package which includes One Ethernet cable (15.24m/50ft) with a connector for the 9-pin D shell on one end and the other end with a RJ-45 connector; one Token Ring cable (2.50m/8.2 ft) and one Token Ring cable (22.86m/75ft) both with RF-45 connectors on each end; and one Token Ring wrap plug.

(#6092) 17" Business Black Monitor

This monitor or #6093 is required with #0074.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 4
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#6093) 21" Business Black Monitor

This monitor or #6092 is required with #0074.

  • Maximum Number of Features: 4
  • Prerequisites: None
  • Corequisites: None
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None
  • Customer Setup: No
  • Limitations: None

(#6094) 17" Flat panel display

The new business black 17" flat panel display offers the benefits of a flat-panel monitor including improved use of space and reduced energy consumption compared to CRT monitors.

  • Minimum: none.
  • Maximum: ten features.
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites: None.
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversion become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

(#6095) 20" Flat panel display

The new business black 20" flat panel display offers the benefits of a flat-panel monitor including improved use of space and reduced energy consumption compared to CRT monitors.

  • Minimum: none.
  • Maximum: ten features.
  • Prerequisites: None.
  • Corequisites: None.
  • Compatibility Conflicts: None known.
  • Customer Set-up: No.
  • Limitations: None
  • Field Installable: Yes. Parts removed as a result of feature conversion become the property of IBM.
  • Cable Order: None.

Feature Exchanges

Not available.
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Accessories

None.

Customer Replacement Parts

None.
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Machine Elements

None.
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Supplies

None.

Supplemental Media

None.

Trademarks

(R), (TM), * Trademark or registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.

** Company, product, or service name may be a trademark or service mark of others.

Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries licensed exclusively through X/Open Company Limited.
 © IBM Corporation 2010.
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