3890-XP1 IBM Document Processor Model XP1

IBM Asia Pacific Sales Manual
Revised:  July 02, 2013.

Table of contents
TOC Link Product Life Cycle Dates TOC Link Publications
TOC Link Abstract TOC Link Features
TOC Link Highlights TOC Link Accessories
TOC Link Description TOC Link Machine Elements
TOC Link Models TOC Link Supplies
TOC Link Technical Description  

Product Life Cycle Dates
Type Model Announced Available Marketing Withdrawn Service Discontinued
3890-XP1 1988/11/151989/01/13 2005/09/272014/12/31

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The 3890 is a Document Processor which reads magnetically and/or optically inscribed data from card and paper documents into any virtual storage S/370 (except 3115 and 3125) or to a 4300, 30XX, or 9370 processor via the byte-multiplexer or block-multiplexer channel.

Model Abstract 3890-XP1

The 3890-XP1 is a 12-36 Stacker, 2400 Documents/Minute, Document Processor, reading MICR and OCR. The 3890-XP1 may also be attached to a LAN through its Token-Ring Adapter.
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  • Buffered, modular, pocket reader-sorter which is time-independent

  • Magnetically or optically inscribes data into many virtual storage devices

  • At a maximum, processes 2,400 6-inch Documents/Minute

  • Can have up to 36 stacker pockets, each containing up to 1,000 documents

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The 3890 is a buffered, modular, pocket reader-sorter which is time- independent.

Merge Feed

Permits the merging of documents into the normal input stream from a separate hopper. Document capacity is 600. Document merging is controlled by the user program. For example, as part of job initialization, the user can specify the approximate number of documents to be stacked in each pocket before a document is fed from the merge hopper to that pocket. The 3890 maintains a document count for each pocket. The merge function eliminates the need for programmed pocket lights. Limitations: Does not permit the 3890 to function as a collator.

Logic and Control Section

Is initialized by the processor when online and by a removable or fixed disk when offline. Initialization determines the fields to be read, length of the fields, starting number for the item numbering feature, merge feed controls, whether image processing is to be performed, the stacker control instruction algorithm to be used, endorser requirements, and whether the symbol error correction option is to be used. With the symbol error correction option, the 3890 performs extensive logical analysis to determine whether unreadable symbols can be replaced by internally generated field-defining symbols. The 3890 performs all stacker select determinations independent of processor control and transfers blocked data records to the processor. Due to the logical capability, the following functions are standard "programmable": Split field, self-check number verification, multiple column control, base number conversion for fine sorting.


Each pocket holds approximately 800 to 1,000 documents. The operator can unload all but the last 200-300 documents without stopping the 3890. Pocket warning lights alert the operator when a specific pocket is becoming full. The reject pocket is the first pocket -- the pocket closest to the input hopper. Racks for output trays are above each stacker.


CMC7 (coded magnetic characters with seven bars) characters and print quality must meet the specifications recommended by ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association) or ISO (International Standards Organization). E13B magnetic characters, print quality, and codeline arrangement on the documents must meet the specifications recommended by the American Bankers Association or the Committee of London Clearing Bankers. Intermixed paper and card documents within the following specifications can be processed.

  • Length: 123 to 223mm (4.85 to 8.75 inches)
  • Width: 70 to 106mm (2.75 to 4.17 inches)
  • Thickness: 0.064 to 0.178mm (0.0025 to 0.007 inches) Carrier documents containing mutilated documents with a total thickness up to 0.356mm (0.014 in.) will also be transported.
  • Basis Weights: 60 to 165 grams per square meter, 16 to 44 pounds (basis weight is the weight of 500 sheets of 17 x 22-in. paper)
  • Grain: grain long or grain short, except for 16 pound paper, which must be grain long.


3890 will process documents printed in black ink using one of the two fonts. (Fonts are loaded from the 3890 disk; however, only one font can be resident in the machine at any one time.) Each font consists of ten numerics and four abstract symbols. The symbols are used to separate the numeric data into fields. The four special symbols are: OCR-A Font - the hook, fork, chair, and vertical bar; OCR-B - greater than, less than, vertical bar, and the plus sign.

OCR Printing Specifications

OCR - A font size 1, or OCR - B font size 1 compatible with the OCR - A font and OCR - B font published in ISO Recommendation R 1073, first edition, dated May, 1969, or with the OCR - B font published by the European Computer Manufacturers Association in the Standard ECMA-11 for optical recognition, second edition, dated October, 1971. 407-1 font is described in an IBM Publication: "IBM 1418 Optical Character Reading" and "IBM 1428 Alphameric Optical Reader Print Quality Considerations", GA24-1452. For recommended printing on the 3800 Printer, see "Reference Manual for IBM 3800 Printing Subsystem - OCR Document Preparation", GA26-1646 and 3800 pages. For recommended ribbons, etc., see GA19-0034 and GA19-0036.

OCR Paper Quality

The paper should comply with the characteristics described in GA19-0034 and GA19-0036. Papers and print samples from non-IBM devices to be used must be evaluated by the IBM Document Evaluation Center, Sindelfingen, Germany. Based on experience in developing paper document handling equipment, IBM has developed a positive and comprehensive analysis procedure designed not to "accept" or "reject" paper, but only to report what is observed. Consult the Document Handling Coordinator in your country for details of the testing procedure.

Model Description 3890-XP1

The 3890 Model XP is available with a minimum of 12 stacker pockets expandable to 36 in increments of six. The Model XP includes as standard: System/370, 30XX, and 4300 Attachment and the Token-Ring Adapter. Microfilming is optional on the Model XP.

Documents are read at a minimum rate of 2,400 6-inch documents per minute for the 3890 Model XP. Actual throughput depends upon length of document. The formula for determining the approximate average rated throughput per minute is: The percentage of non-card stock checks x (19,200/(average document length, which is six inches or greater plus two inch) + the percentage of card stock checks x 1,907. The primary component of the 3890 is the feed module, which contains the input hopper, recognition circuits, logic to determine stacker selection, merge feed, options when installed, and operator setup and run panels.

When the 3890/XP is operated with the host, the document sorting is under the control of the customized control unit, which provides a 3.5-inch, 1.44Mb diskette, a 70MB fixed drive, a minimum of 3MB of user memory and a built in keyboard/color display for an improved operator interface. The control unit provides for the processing of customer written high level language programs such as C and COBOL in addition to the unique SCI language of the current 3890. It also provides for a program in the sorter to be executed when documents are not in-flight, such as at initialization, when the machine stops (e.g., when a jam occurs), and under operator initialization (e.g., end-of-job). The customized control unit also provides reading and sorting capability and an operator jam display when the 3890/XP is not connected to the host. The 3890/XP control unit's Token-Ring Adapter provides for the attachment to a LAN and by using the LAN Requester Component of the OS/2 Extended Edition 1.1 operating system in the 3890/XP controller, the user can access pre-stored sort program modules, tables, and data from a LAN file server (a separate PS/2 attached to the same LAN) at the times stated above. When the 3890/XP is not actually feeding documents, you can also store the results of calculations made during sorting operations on the LAN file server.

Provides 3 million bytes of user memory for stacker select programs and initialization data.

Model     Stackers
XP  XP1      12

Twelve stacker pockets are standard, with additional stacker features (#3022) incrementing by six stacker pockets with each feature, up to a maximum of 36 stacker pockets.
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Model Summary Matrix

Model     Packet     Bytes of   Bytes of    Documents      Stackers
          Document   Storage   Storage if      Per
          Content                Image       Minute
-----     --------   -------   ----------   ---------      --------
 XP1      800-1000  3 million       -       2,400 6-inch   12 - 36

Customer Setup (CSU)


Customer Responsibilities

For the Model XP, a Token-Ring/A cable must be ordered separately. Use special ordering vehicle 8550-ZZZ and order feature code 3390. Feature code 3390 is a standard eight foot Token-Ring cable. For lengths other than eight feet, refer to the CFCABLE configurator.

Devices Supported

Not available.

Model Conversions

Model Conversion Maintenance Option

For pricing information and registration of the Model Conversion Maintenance Option (MCMO), access the "3890XP" AEFORM. This form will contain the prices and procedures for ordering this extended warranty option for the 3890XP model conversion. Announcement 188-207 describes the MCMO in detail.

The 3890CALC PACKAGE located on the FSICHECK tools disk is a PC based tool for comparing the MCMO with MMMC. The 3890SAPR Guide, on FSICHECK, also has information about this option.

Field installable.

National Language Support

National Language Support is available for French, German, Spanish, and Italian.
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Technical Description
TOC Link Physical Specifications TOC Link Operating Environment TOC Link Limitations
TOC Link Hardware Requirements TOC Link Software Requirements

Physical Specifications

Not available.

Operating Environment

Not available.


Not applicable.

Hardware Requirements


Software Requirements

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  • GA24-3612 IBM 3890 Document Processor, Machine and Programming Description
  • GA34-2013 IBM 3890/XP Document Processor, Operators Guide
  • GC31-2662 IBM 3890/XP Series Programming Guide Manual
  • SC31-3911 IBM 3890/XP Document Processor, Reference Summary
  • GA34-2012 IBM 3890/XP Document Processor, General Information Manual

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TOC Link Features - No Charge TOC Link Features - Chargeable TOC Link Feature Descriptions
TOC Link Feature Exchanges

Features - No Charge

  • Power (AC, 3-phase, 4-wire): No specify required for 50Hz, 408V or 60Hz, 208V.
    50Hz               60Hz
    220V #2815         230V #9905
    380V #2816

  • #9043 for blue for Model XP

  • Upending Kit #9840, if required.

    Note: Loan basis; remains property of IBM.

  • Line Cord: shipped with machine; Order #9986 for 6 foot line cord for Chicago.

  • Recognition: #2742 for E13B; #2741 for CMC7. (No Longer Available as of May 28, 1996)

  • Machine Nomenclature:
    French #2928
    Spanish #2931

  • Codeline: Use "Customer Codeline Specification Sheet", Z111-0177, for specifying codeline configuration.

  • Tool Kits: Are automatically shipped with purchased machine.

Features - Chargeable

(#3021) Programmable Endorsing and Item Numbering (Model XP only)

(For US and CAN, No Longer Available as of September 27, 2005)

(For IBM AP, EMEA and LA, No Longer Available as of October 29, 2004)

Provides the capability of printing a full endorsement and item sequence number on the back of each document. During run initialization, the user specifies one of three horizontal print positions. During program initialization the operator may set one of two vertical positions. The user may select, through programming, up to eighty two bytes of data to be printed. The lower ten bytes contains an eight or ten digit numeric item sequence number that is normally incremented on an item basis. The 82 bytes of data may be completely changed on a per document basis. Also, under program control the top seventy two bytes of data may be utilized to form larger characters (double wide) to print words such as "PAID". Field Installation: No.

(#3022) Stacker Module

(For US and CAN, No Longer Available as of September 27, 2005)

(For IBM AP, EMEA and LA, No Longer Available as of October 29, 2004)

Provides six pockets and each pocket has a capacity of approximately 800 to 1,000 documents. The operator can unload all but the last 200 to 300 documents without stopping the 3890. Pocket warning lights alert the operator when a specific pocket is becoming full. The reject pocket is the first pocket - the pocket closest to the input hopper. Racks for output trays are above each stacker. There are two Stacker Modules standard and an additional four features may be ordered to provide a maximum of 36 pockets. Field Installation: Yes. Color of endorser ink to be used: #9145 for black, #9147 for purple. Field Installation: Yes. Field Installation: Yes.
Limitations: Cannot be installed with Document Coding (#3551).

Microfilming (#5111)

(No Longer Available as of September 27, 2005)

Optional feature on 3890 Model XP. Provides the capability of microfilming items, either front and back (duplex) or front only (duo), being processed on the 3890. Items are selectively filmed under program control at 3890 document speeds. An 8-digit number can be exposed on the film for every other document image filmed. The 8-digit positions can be split into two number fields, which can be incremented or reset on any document cycle under stacker control instruction parameters for the run. During run initialization, the user specifies whether microfilming is active, the mode of filming, and the starting 8-digit number. A frame mark is recorded on film for each document image for image counting during retrieval. The camera provides a reduction ratio of 50 to 1 and a resolution of 120 lines per millimeter. The film is advanced by a capstan drive system based upon the document width to maximize the use of film. The film cassette, a purchase-only item (see "Accessory"), provides space for take-up of the film as well as the film supply. Capacity of the cassette is 2,000 feet of 0.0027-inch polyester thin base film. Loading and unloading of film from the cassette into the film transport are automatic under operator control. Approximately 380,000 front and back images of an average intermix of documents can be recorded on 2,000 feet of film. The film is spaced six inches every 215 feet to facilitate splicing; if a 49-inch space is required, specify #9177. The film to be used is 16mm unperforated thin base microfilm which must be ordered on cores. Disclosure specifications covering the film, cassette, and core on which the film must be wound, are available from: Manager, Industry Relations, Dept 953/3600/MKM. Field Installation: Yes.

(#5115) OCR Recognition

(No Longer Available as of October 30, 1998)

Provides the capability of reading numeric characters optically inscribed either OCR A or B font. Both fonts are provided with the feature, but only one font can be resident in the machine at one time. For OCR requirements, refer to the "OCR Printing Specifications" and "OCR Paper Quality" included in the Highlights section of this text. The feature will scan the entire front of a document from which any horizontal codeline may be selected. Only one codeline may be selected by the OCR feature on a single document pass. Maximum: One. Field Installation: Yes. Specify: (required for the separate unit that contains the recognition logic for the OCR feature) System Cable Group: #9040 - 12.2 m (40 foot); #91 - 30.5 m (100 foot).

(#5120) MICR Recognition

Provides the capability of reading characters magnetically inscribed. The characters must meet the requirements specified in the "Documents" section of the Highlights in this text. Specify: #2742 for E13B magnetic character recognition; #2741 for CMC7 (coded magnetic characters with seven bars) (No Longer Available as of May 28, 1996) magnetic character recognition. Maximum: One. Field Installation: No.

(#6370) S/370 and 4300 Attachment

(For EMEA, No Longer Available as of June 5, 1990.)

Standard on 3890 Model XP. Optional feature on 3890 Models A. Permits attachment to any virtual storage S/370 processor (except 3115 and 3125) or a 4300, 30XX, or 9370 processor via the byte-multiplexer or block-multiplexer channel (For XP a no charge RPQ must be submitted for attachment of all processors except for 4381, 308X and 3090 processors.) This feature is required on each 3890 attached to a S/370 or a 4300, 30XX, or 9370 processor. Maximum: One per 3890. Field Installation: Yes.

Feature Descriptions

Feature Exchanges

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Microfilm Cassette (P/N 2647900)

The film cassette provides space for film take-up as well as supply. Capacity is 2,000 feet of 0.0027-inch polyester thin-base film. The cassette must be loaded in a dark room. Disclosure specifications covering the film, cassette and core on which the film must be wound are available from Manager, Industry Relations, IBM Europe, Paris, or IBM, Document & Check Image Solutions, Dept 72D/204, 1001 W.T. Harris Blvd., Charlotte, NC 28257. The cassette may be ordered from Mechanicsburg.

Customer Replacement Parts

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Machine Elements

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The following supplies for the Model XP Programmable Endorsing and Item Numbering Feature (#3021), may be ordered from IBM's authorized distributors or by calling IBM Supplies at 1-800-438-2468

  • Programmable Endorser Ink, Black, P/N 1380052
  • Programmable Endorser Replenishment Fluid P/N 1380061

Supplemental Media



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